Timing of the Qualifying Examination
The Ph.D. Qualifying Examination represents the final hurdle prior to a student being “advanced to candidacy” and embarking on his or her doctoral dissertation.
Students are strongly encouraged to take the qualifying examination before the end of their third year of graduate study. (Students concurrently enrolled in the JSP and JD programs are strongly encouraged to take the examination before the end of their fourth year of study at Boalt Hall.) Students enrolled only in the JSP program need to pass their qualifying examinations no later than the end of their fourth year of graduate study. (Students enrolled in both the JSP and JD programs need to pass their qualifying examinations no later than the end of their fifth year of study.) Students who fail to meet these deadlines are considered tardy in their progress by the Graduate Division and may, among other things, jeopardize their eligibility for Graduate Division funding and fellowship support.
Form of the Qualifying Exam
The organization and composition of the qualifying exam are governed by Graduate Division rules and requirements.
The exam committee is formally appointed by the Dean of the Graduate Division upon the recommendation of the Graduate Adviser. In practice, the composition of the committee is determined by the student, working in consultation with the Graduate Adviser and with faculty members, who typically have served as field examiners or are expected to serve on the student’s dissertation committee.
The qualifying exam committee contains four members. The chair of the committee must be member of the JSP faculty. Campus rules specify that this examination committee chair may not chair the dissertation committee. They also require that one member be from outside the law school. (A JSP faculty member with a joint-appointment in another department, cannot qualify as the “outside” committee member.) It is the responsibility of the Chairperson to convene the examination committee at the appropriate time.
The process of appointing the exam committee and scheduling the exam involves various forms and correspondence with Graduate Division. The Student Affairs Officer takes responsibility for overseeing the required petitions and paper-work, and for scheduling the exam itself.
Content of the Qualifying Exam
The qualifying examination is oral and is scheduled to run for three hours. JSP qualifying exams are designed to address two dimensions of a student’s “qualification” or readiness for dissertation research. First, the exam evaluates the student’s general training and preparation in jurisprudence and social policy, or in the scholarship and methodologies basic to the social and philosophical analysis of law and legal institutions. Second, the exam evaluates the student’s developed plans for a proposed dissertation project.
To support the first area of attention, a student prepares a selected bibliography of leading scholarship in the social and philosophical study of law, which the student is prepared to discuss and elucidate in the exam. It is expected that the list will comprise literature introduced in the JSP orientation seminar and “foundation” courses, supplemented by appropriate materials from later course work and field specializations. (The aim is not simply to duplicate the specialized bibliographies of the field exams.)
To support the second area of attention, a student prepares a dissertation proposal of 15-20 pages in length. Given the very varied kinds of dissertation projects undertaken by JSP students, there can be no single blueprint for every dissertation proposal. (Projects involving empirical research on social behavior usually require rigorous methodological elaborations which are less likely to be necessary for dissertations in legal theory or international law. Projects in legal history are likely to be equipped with quite different forms of “literature reviews” than projects in public law or law and economics.) In general, though, the dissertation proposal should accomplish the following important tasks:
- identify the goals and scope of the dissertation; the themes and issues it considers; and the anticipated organization of the research and presentation of research findings;
- elucidate the chosen research design for the project, or the primary source materials for the study;
- explain why the project is timely and important, and how it seeks to advance the more specialized scholarship to which it contributes;
- place the project and its themes more broadly within the wider contexts of relevant scholarly debate in the social and philosophical study of law.
Students are expected to prepare their bibliographies and dissertation proposals in consultation with the chair of the qualifying exam committee and the anticipated chair of the dissertation committee. The final versions of these written materials need to be distributed to the members of the exam committee at least two weeks before the examination date.