Trial Team

collage of students on Zoom meeting


The Berkeley Law Trial Team is one of the top-ranked law school mock trial programs nationwide.  On the team, students have the opportunity to hone their advocacy and develop their skills as trial lawyers.  The Trial Team travels across the country to represent Berkeley Law in prestigious civil and criminal trial competitions.

The team also supports two internal competitions: the 1L Bales Trial Competition, an introductory mock trial competition open to all Berkeley 1L students, and the Pahlke Internal Trial Competition (PINT), an advanced mock trial competition open to members of the Trial Team.


On the Trial Team, students learn how to prepare a case for trial.  They review legal documents, witness statements, and physical evidence.  In competition they argue motions, deliver opening statements, conduct direct and cross examinations, and deliver closing arguments.  All new members participate in the Trial Competitions class, taught by program director and trial lawyer Spencer Pahlke.  All competition teams are coached by our exceptional Trial Team alumni.

students sitting at a trial podium


Beginning in 2022, Berkeley Law will be offering the Pahlke Trial Advocacy Scholarship to students who show a demonstrated interest in civil or criminal trial advocacy, have participated in activities such as mock trial in college and/or high school, have been successful in such competitions, and/or show significant interest in participating in trial competition at law school. Prospective recipients will be identified, screened, and selected by the Dean of Admissions of the law school, and the amount of the awards will be flexible from year to year.


  • National Board of Trial Advocacy Tournament of Champions: Tournament of Champions (TOC) invites the top sixteen teams in the nation based on performance at other competitions throughout the year.  In 2020, Berkeley Law finished in 2nd place.
  • Greene Broillet & Wheeler National Civil Trial Competition: The National Civil Trial Competition (NCTC) is open to ABA-accredited law school who demonstrate excellence in mock trial competitions and litigation skills. In 2015 Berkeley Law won the competition, and in 2018 Berkeley Law finished in 3rd place.
  • Texas Young Lawyers Association National Trial Competition: The National Trial Competition (NTC) is an annual nationwide competition attended by more than 140 schools. In 2019, Berkeley Law finished as Regional Champions and National Quarterfinalists.
  • American Association of Justice Student Trial Advocacy Competition: The Student Trial Advocacy Competition (STAC) is a prestigious annual nationwide mock trial competition open to AAJ members.  In 2019, Berkeley Law’s team finished as Regional Champions.
  • Baylor Law Top Gun National Mock Trial Competition: Top Gun is an invitation-only tournament where the single-best advocates from the top sixteen trial advocacy schools across the nation compete for the title of “Top Gun.” Berkeley Law regularly sends an advocate to participate in the competition, and Berkeley’s Collin Tierney won the competition in 2013.


Cheyenne Smith (Class of 2022) – Tournament of Champions 2020

On November 5–7, 2020, four intrepid advocates experienced the first (and hopefully last) virtual version of the National Board of Trial Advocates’ Tournament of Champions. For the 2020 competition, advocates argued the case of Fuller v. CostLow: Jordan Fuller, on behalf of her son Sam, sued CostLow Grocery for negligence after her son suffered an allergic reaction to a sample he ate in the store. Plaintiffs Jenna Forster (’22) and Cheyenne Smith (’22) demanded accountability from CostLow. It could have warned its customers about the dangers of its products by providing a warning It just didn’t. On the other side, Defense team Virginia Lyon (’21) and Emma Nicholls (’21) demonstrated that only one person could have prevented this tragedy—Jordan Fuller herself. She knew her son had a peanut allergy. All she had to do was ask about the ingredients before handing it to him. The theories were tight, the themes quippy, and the cases-in-chief streamlined, but one question remained—would the judges be convinced?

Bright and early on November 5th, our team woke up in four separate places (and in Emma’s case, a different time zone!), eager to see if we had successfully adapted our advocacy to the Zoom world. Over the six weeks prior, Jenna, Virginia, Emma, and Cheyenne spent countless hours writing and re-writing pieces, trying out new virtual advocacy techniques, and making plenty of jokes about peanuts. Finally it was time to find out if the preparation paid off.

Plaintiffs Jenna and Cheyenne breezed through Round 1. The statements were smooth and examinations were conversational.  During Round 2, Emma and Virginia delivered a similarly clean performance, staying above the fray in an odd trial. After Day 1, Berkeley’s TOC team was undefeated, winning all six possible ballots.

Early success was great, but it all came down to Day 2. Rounds 3 and 4 were technically smooth but we worried about whether we had managed to stand out against two confident opponents. By the end of Day 2, we knew we had done everything we could, but had absolutely no clue what might have happened on the ballots.

The post-preliminary ceremony that usually has food, drink, and celebration became a brief Zoom call with results. However, we all happily cashed in that experience for this outcome: with a 9-3 record and a triple-digit point differential, the tournament director announced that Berkeley was a semi-finalist.

Few things can make waking up on a Saturday at 6:30 AM an enviable position, but moving on in a mock trial tournament is one of them. The Plaintiff side started off Day 3 with a close round against an excellent team. Jenna beautifully adapted to our opponent’s creative theory with an impeachment by omission that landed perfectly. Cheyenne turned a barrage of objections on direct into an opportunity to make the expert look even better. After the ballots were in, Jenna sent a text: “Did we…win?”

Yes, folks, we did.

That meant we were moving on to the final round. For the sixth round of mock trial in three days, our 3L powerhouse Defense team went head-to-head in an inter-UC battle, facing UCLA. Emma exercised phenomenal witness control, utilizing new techniques she rehearsed the night before. Virginia delivered a powerful closing argument, rising to the nearly impossible task of balancing faulting a mother without attacking her parenting. 

After all the ballots were tabulated, the tournament director announced that, although it was close, UCLA had won. As we made our way over our team Zoom debrief to commiserate, we reflected on what we had accomplished. We put all we had on the table throughout unorthodox circumstances and still managed to grow as advocates—and finish at second place in the nation. If you’d like to see our team in all its glory, you can watch the final round here.

The backgrounds have been put away, the camera stands taken down, and the Google Folders closed, but our fires remain lit. I, for one, can’t wait to see what we accomplish next.



Spencer Pahlke

Spencer Pahlke has been the head coach of the Berkeley Law Trial Team since 2007. Spencer teaches the Trial Competitions Course, a mandatory class for all Trial Team Members, and he oversees all the Trial Team’s competitions. Spencer is also a Shareholder at Walkup, Melodia, Kelly & Schoenberger, where his practice focuses on catastrophic personal injury and wrongful death cases involving defective medical devices, vehicular collisions, dangerous conditions of public and private property, and medical malpractice.