Reports

The Human Rights Center’s research is used by policymakers, advocates, international aid organizations, and others to help inform decisions on issues of international humanitarian law, peace and justice, and health and human rights. The reports listed below are available here electronically, and printed copies may be available on request by emailing hrc@berkeley.edu or calling 510-642-0965.

2017 

 

Building Trust: Perspectives on a Victim-Centered Approach to Human Trafficking Investigations in Los Angeles County.

UC Berkeley researchers have released the first study of Los Angeles County’s novel anti-trafficking efforts—evaluating a model that could be replicated nationwide to improve investigations of human trafficking and provide support for victims.

Researchers from the Human Rights Center at UC Berkeley School of Law, in partnership with the International Human Rights Law Clinic, studied the first year of the Human Trafficking Bureau of the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, a member of the Los Angeles Regional Human Trafficking Task Force, which brings together investigators, service providers, and prosecutors to investigate –and stop—human trafficking. The study is the first comprehensive look at the Bureau, which was established in 2015.

 

Digital Verification Corps Student Summit report

The Human Rights Center and Amnesty International hosted the first Digital Verification Corps student summit in June 2017. Participants included students from Essex, Toronto, Pretoria, Cambridge, and Berkeley as well as leading open source experts from around the world. We evaluated the first year of university-based open source labs, conducted training, discussed next steps, and built community.

 

Annual Report 2016

From launching our Human Rights Investigations Lab to strengthening cases against perpetrators of wartime sexual violence, the Human Rights Center made a significant impact in 2016. Our Annual Report highlights programs, projects, awards, events—and the individuals and foundations that make it all possible.  

 

2016

Annual Report 2015 (cover)

Annual Report 2015

After being awarded the 2015 MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions, the Human Rights Center began the year with extraordinary accomplishments—from the official launch of our Human Rights and Technology Program to reports on victim participation at the International Criminal Court and sexual violence accountability to the completion of our book on the pursuit of war criminals. This annual report highlights our programs’ work, publications, engagement with students, events, and staff awards.

 

2015 & 2017

The Victims' Court_ (cover)

The Victims’ Court: A Study of 622 Victim Participants at the International Criminal Court  November 2015

Une Cour Pour Les Victimes? Une étude de 622 victimes participantes à la Cour pénale internationale January 2017

 

By Stephen Smith Cody, Eric Stover, Mychelle Balthazard, and Alexa Koenig

This multi-country study interviews 622 survivors of war crimes and crimes against humanity is an independent study written at the request of the International Criminal Court and released at the Assembly of States Parties meeting in The Hague on Nov. 20, 2015. The study finds that meaningful victim participation at the International Criminal Court (ICC) hinges on greater investment by member states in outreach and educational programs, so that victims can more fully understand their rights under the Rome Statute. Also available in French.

 

The Long Road (cover)

The Long Road: Accountability for Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict Settings

August 2015

By Kim Thuy Seelinger and Julie Freccero

This report is a study of domestic accountability systems serving survivors of sexual violence in four countries: Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. The study examined the ways in which health professionals, law enforcement personnel, prosecutors, and judges responded to cases of sexual violence committed during or in the aftermath of armed conflict or periods of political violence. To shed light on ground-level realities, the inquiry focused on cross-sectoral processes at three critical stages of case development in a common law system: reporting, investigation, and prosecution.

 

2014

Annual Report 2014 (cover)

Annual Report 2014

The Human Rights Center marked a milestone in 2014, celebrating twenty years since we first began using the tools of science and law to pursue justice for war crimes and human rights abuses worldwide. This annual report highlights our Atrocity Response Program, Fellowship Program, Forensic Program, Sexual Violence Program, Technology and Accountability Project, as well as being awarded the prestigious the MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions.

 

First Responders (cover)

First Responders:
An International Workshop on Collecting and Analyzing Evidence of International Crimes

September 2014

By Stephen Smith Cody, Alexa Koenig, Andrea Lampros, and Julia Rayner

This report presents major points of discussion and recommendations from an international conference held in September 2014 in Salzburg, Austria. Workshop participants discussed how local and international NGOs, journalists, forensic scientists, health professionals, and other “first responders” to war crimes and human violations can most effectively work with courts—and the International Criminal Court (ICC) in particular—in the collection of evidence of serious war crimes, such as genocide and crimes against humanity.

 

Bearing Witness at the International Criminal Court (cover)

Bearing Witness at the International Criminal Court:
An Interview Survey of 109 Witnesses

June 2014

By Stephen Smith Cody, Alexa Koenig, Robin Mejia, and Eric Stover

This report presents findings from the first interview survey of witnesses who have appeared before the ICC. The survey examined the opinions and attitudes of 109 individuals—ranging from victims to expert witnesses—who testified in the ICC’s first two trials against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo and Germain Katanga.

 

Digital Fingerprints (cover)

Digital Fingerprints:
Using Electronic Evidence to Advance Prosecutions at the International Criminal Court

February 2014

By Stephen Smith Cody, Alexa Koenig, Camille Crittenden, and Eric Stover

This report summarizes major points of discussion from the first Salzburg Workshop on Improving War Crimes Investigations, a convening focused on the use of digital evidence to prosecute atrocity crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes). The workshop was held in Salzburg, Austria, in October 2013.

 

2013

Annual Report 2013 (cover)

Annual Report 2013

The Center’s annual report for 2013 highlights milestones from our Atrocity Response Program, Sexual Violence Program, Forensic Program, Fellowship Program, and featured events.

 

Safe Haven_ Comparative Report (cover)

Safe Haven:
Sheltering Displaced Persons from Sexual and Gender-Based Violence;
Comparative Report

May 2013

By Kim Thuy Seelinger and Julie Freccero*
In conjunction with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees**

 Colombia           Haiti                Kenya            Thailand

Safe Haven country reports

*Other authors: Sara Feldman (Colombia), Laura Wagner (Haiti), Rebecca Horn (Kenya)

**excluding Thailand case study report

 

2012

Annual Report 2012 (cover)

Annual Report 2012

December 2012

The Center’s annual report for 2012 highlights milestones from our Sexual Violence and Accountability Project, Forensics Project, and Fellowship Program, as well as plans to launch a Victims and Witnesses Initiative to better understand courtroom experiences of victims and other witnesses who testify in war crimes trials.

 

Beyond Reasonable Doubt (cover)

Beyond Reasonable Doubt:
Using Scientific Evidence to Advance Prosecutions at the International Criminal Court

December 2012

This report presents the major points of discussion from our workshop convened in consultation with the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC on 23-24 October 2012 in The Hague. Workshop participants discussed how the ICC could improve its use of scientific evidence, and the potential for future coordination and collaboration between the ICC and NGOs, the UN, and forensic and scientific institutions.

 

The Right Toolkit (cover)

The Right Toolkit:
Applying Research Methods in the Service of Human Rights

April 2012

By Kristin Reed and Austra Padskocimaite

Encompassing a wide range of methods, this guidebook encourages students to transcend disciplinary and professional divides and explore new techniques to strengthen their research design and implementation. It invites readers to broaden their understanding of available methods and consider the best approach in the service of human rights.

 

Sexual Offences Act_ Comprehensive Report (cover)

Kenya Sexual Offences Act Implementation Workshop:
Comprehensive Report (Summary Report also available) 

April 2012

By Kim Thuy Seelinger and Alexa Koenig

This report presents the objectives, discussion, and findings of the Sexual Offences Act Implementation Workshop, held in Naivasha, Kenya, in May 2011. It serves as the full record of discussion and provides a background to Workshop participants’ final recommendations for improved implementations of Kenya’s Sexual Offences Act.

 

2011

Annual Report 2011 (cover)

Annual Report 2011

October 2011

The Center’s annual report for 2011 highlights research from the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations, the Sexual Violence and Accountability Project’s launch, 2011 fellows, featured events, and staff publications.

 

Talking Peace (cover)

Talking Peace:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Security, Dispute Resolution, and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Liberia

June 2011

By Patrick Vinck, Phuong Pham, and Tino Kreutzer

This study was undertaken to contribute to a deeper understanding of Liberians’ priorities for peacebuilding, their perceptions of their post-war security, and existing disputes and dispute resolution mechanisms.

 

After the First Trial (cover)

After the First Trial:
A Population-Based Survey on Knowledge and Perception of Justice and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

June 2011

By Phuong Pham, Patrick Vinck, Mychelle Balthazard, and Sokhom Hean
In collaboration with the Center for Advanced Study

As the second population-based survey conducted in Cambodia by the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations, this report was undertaken to contribute to the process of examining the lessons learned from the first trial of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia.

 

2010

Transitioning to Peace (cover)

Transitioning to Peace:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Social Reconstruction and Justice in Northern Uganda

December 2010

By Phuong Pham and Patrick Vinck

This report presents the third large-scale survey conducted in this region by the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations. The results are intended to capture community views on matters that affect ordinary people and the recovery after years of conflicts.

 

Annual Report 2010 (cover)

Annual Report 2010

November 2010

The Center’s annual report for 2010 highlights research from the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations, the DNA Reunification Project, technology initiatives, 2010 fellows, staff publications, and featured events.

 

Building Peace, Seeking Justice (cover)

Building Peace, Seeking Justice:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Accountability and Social Reconstruction in the Central African Republic

August 2010 

By Patrick Vinck and Phuong Pham

This report by the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations sheds light on the scale of a situation largely unknown to the international community. The data gathered from the study presents a stark picture of life in the Central African Republic while aiming to capture opinions and attitudes about the impact of past and ongoing conflicts on the population. Also available in French.

 

 2009

Annual Report 2009 (cover)

Annual Report 2009

October 2009

The Center’s annual report for 2009 highlights many facets of our work in the past year and traces the Center’s impact over the past 15 years. It also pays tribute to the activists, faculty, and students who have worked with us to support communities affected by war, mass atrocities, and social upheaval.

 

Returning Home (cover)

Returning Home:
Resettlement and Reintegration of Detainees Released from the U.S. Naval Base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba

March 2009

By Nandini Iyer, Krista Kshatriya, Jonas Lerman, and Laura Weitzman
With the International Human Rights Law Clinic (Berkeley Law)

After President Obama signed an executive order to close the detention facilities in Guantánamo Bay in 2009, this report was released to propose that a comprehensive plan for closing the camps should include a resettlement and reintegration program for detainees released from the facility since 2002 to overcome social stigma, unemployment, and impairments to mental and physical health.

 

So We Will Never Forget (cover)

So We Will Never Forget:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Social Reconstruction and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia 

January 2009

By Phuong Pham, Patrick Vinck, Mychelle Balthazard, Sokhom Hean, and Eric Stover
In collaboration with the Center for Advanced Study

Against the background of negotiations leading up to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), this report by the Initiative for Vulnerable Populations presents findings of a population-based survey in Cambodia to capture opinions and attitudes about accountability, social reconstruction, and the ECCC. Also available in Khmer.

 

2008

Guantanamo and Its Aftermath (cover)

Guantánamo and Its Aftermath:
U.S. Detention and Interrogation Practices and Their Impact on Former Detainees

November 2008

By Laurel E. Fletcher and Eric Stover, with Stephen Paul Smith, Alexa Koenig, Zulaikha Aziz, Alexis Kelly, Sarah Staveteig, and Nobuko Mizoguchi
With the Human Rights Law Clinic (Berkeley Law), in partnership with the Center for Constitutional Rights

This report provides the findings of a study of former detainees who were held in U.S. custody in Afghanistan and Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. The primary objective of the study was to record the experiences of these men, assess their treatment in detention, and explore how the conditions of their incarceration affected their subsequent reintegration with their families and communities. Our research reveals serious flaws in the system created by the Bush Administration for the apprehension, detention, interrogation, and release of suspected members of the Taliban and Al Qaeda taken into U.S. custody since the attacks on September 11, 2001. Also available in Arabic and Pashto.

 

Annual Report 2008 (cover)

Annual Report 2008

October 2008

The Center’s annual report for 2008 highlights our research on Burma, Northern Uganda, and Guantánamo Bay, as well as the DNA Reunification Project in El Salvador, staff publications, featured events, and 2008 fellows.

 

Living with Fear (cover)

Living with Fear:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Peace, Justice, and Social Reconstruction in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo 

August 2008

By Patrick Vinck, Phuong Pham, Suliman Baldo, and Rachel Shigekane
With the Payson Center for International Development (Tulane University), in partnership with the International Center for Transitional Justice

This report presents the results of a population survey focusing on areas most affected by conflict in eastern DRC. This survey aims to give voice to the victims of the Congo conflicts and thereby urge the Congolese governments and international actors engaged in DRC’s post-election construction to consult the Congolese population and heed their needs and concerns. Also available in French.

 

2007

When the War Ends (cover)

When the War Ends:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Peace, Justice, and Social Reconstruction in Northern Uganda

December 2007

By Phuong Pham, Patrick Vinck, Eric Stover, Andrew Moss, Marieke Wierda, and Richard Bailey
With the Payson Center for International Development (Tulane University), in partnership with the International Center for Transitional Justice

This report seeks to capture attitudes about peace, justice, and social reconstruction while peace talks were taking place between the Ugandan government and the Lord’s Resistance Army in Juba, south Sudan. It is our hope that this report will assist policy makers to develop coherent and integrated programs that promote justice and accountability and social and economic development for the people of northern Uganda.

 

Annual Report 2007 (cover)

Annual Report 2007

October 2007

The Center’s annual report for 2007 highlights our research on Burma and Northern Uganda, and well as the DNA Reunification Project in El Salvador, 2007 fellows, featured events, and staff publications.

 

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) (cover)

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P):
Moving the Campaign Forward

October 2007

By Sara Heitler Bamberger, Meg Bostrom, Heather Hurlburt, Jamie O’Connell, Jessica Owen, Hosna Sheikholeislami, Rachel Shigekane, and Joanna Shulman
With the Religion, Politics and Globalization Program (UC Berkeley) and the International Human Rights Law Clinic (Berkeley Law)

In the aftermath of an international summit on the Responsibility to Protect, this report seeks to supplement productive conversations with research that will provide a broader base of knowledge from which to advance R2P. The report’s authors surveyed groups currently working to promote R2P, examined options for the United Nations and the Security Council to strengthen the initial 2005 commitment, and analyzed cases where R2P principles might have been applied to past conflicts.

 

Northern Uganda_ Research Note (cover)

Northern Uganda:
Research Note on Attitudes about Peace and Justice in Northern Uganda

August 2007

By Patrick Vinck, Phuong Pham, Eric Stover, Andrew Moss, and Marieke Wierda
With the Payson Center for International Development (Tulane University) and the International Center for Transitional Justice

This research note presents preliminary population-based data on attitudes about peace and justice in northern Uganda. The note is intended to be descriptive and offers limited interpretation. A complete in-depth report, When the War Ends, was released later in the year.

 

The Gathering Storm (cover)

The Gathering Storm:
Infectious Diseases and Human Rights in Burma

July 2007

By Eric Stover, Voravit Suwanvanichkij, Andrew Moss, David Tuller, Tom Lee, Emily Whichard, Rachel Shigekane, Chris Beyrer, and David Scott Mathieson
With the Center for Public Health and Human Rights (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health)

This report was written to understand the factors that have contributed to Burma’s dire health situation and to the spread of infectious diseases in Burma and across its borders. We also wanted to see if it was possible to deliver international aid to combat infectious diseases in Burma in a manner that would be transparent and accountable, reach those most in need, and promote respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.

 

Abducted (cover)

Abducted:
The Lord’s Resistance Army and Forced Conscription in Northern Uganda

June 2007

By Phuong Pham, Patrick Vinck, and Eric Stover
With the Payson Center for International Development (Tulane University)

This report uses collected information from eight reception centers in five districts of northern Uganda to aggregate and document information about the overall incidence of abductions, the circumstances surrounding the abductions, and activities while the LRA, as well as provide recommendations aimed at improving the process of reintegrating former abductees into their communities.

 

2006

Annual Report 2006 (cover)

Annual Report 2006

October 2006

The Center’s annual report for 2006 highlights our research on Northern Uganda and Hurricane Katrina, as well as the DNA Reunification Project in El Salvador, and 2005-6 fellows, featured events, and staff publications.

 

Rebuilding After Katrina (cover)

Rebuilding After Katrina:
A Population-Based Study of Labor and Human Rights in New Orleans

June 2006

By Laurel E. Fletcher, Phuong Pham, Eric Stover, and Patrick Vinck
With the International Human Rights Law Clinic at Berkeley Law and the Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer (Tulane University)

Against the background of reports of abuse during the cleanup efforts after Hurricane Katrina—coupled with the easing of labor regulations, virtually no monitoring of construction sites, and the city’s lack of adequate housing and healthcare—this report a study conducted on the situation of both documented and undocumented construction workers in New Orleans.

 

2005

After the Tsunami (cover)

After the Tsunami:
Human Rights of Vulnerable Populations

October 2005

By Laurel Fletcher, Eric Stover, Harvey Weinstein, Amanda A. Morgan, Aviva Nababan, Agustinus Agung Widjaya, David Cohen, Dares Chusri, and V. Chandrasekara Naidu
With the East-West Center

This report presents an interview study of hundreds of tsunami survivors and key informants in five countries—India, Indonesia, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Thailand—affected by the tsunami of December 2004.

 

Forgotten Voices (cover)

Forgotten Voices:
A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Peace and Justice in Northern Uganda

July 2005

By Phuong Pham, Patrick Vinck, Marieke Wierda, Eric Stover, and Adrian di Giovanni
With the International Center for Transitional Justice

This report is based on the preliminary analysis of quantitative data collected from interviews of populations in Northern Uganda.

 

Freedom Denied (cover)

Freedom Denied:
Forced Labor in California

February 2005

By David Tuller

California is hardly a stranger to the issue of forced laborespecially because forced labor flourishes in states with large immigrants populations. Our research in this report identified 57 forced labor operations in almost a dozen cities in California between 1998 and 2003, involving more than 500 individuals from 18 countries.

 

2004

Hidden Slaves (cover)

Hidden Slaves:
Forced Labor in the United States

September 2004

By Kevin Bales, Laurel Fletcher, and Eric Stover
With Free the Slaves

This report documents the nature and scope of forced labor in the United States from January 1998 to December 2003. It is the first study to examine the numbers, demographic characteristics, and origins of victims and perpetrators of forced labor in the United States and the adequacy of the U.S. response to this growing problem since the enactment of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000.

 

Iraqi Voices (cover)

Iraqi Voices:
Attitudes Toward Transitional Justice and Social Reconstruction

May 2004

Nehal Bhuta, Hanny Megally, Harvey M. Weinstein, Phuong N. Pham, Eric Stover, Paul van Zyl, Suzana Grego, and Sarah Rutledge
With the International Center for Transitional Justice

This report is based on data obtained from extensive interviews and focus group discussions  with representatives from a broad cross-section of the Iraqi population. Taking place months after the fall of Baghdad but before the capture of Saddam Hussein and the establishment of the Iraqi Special Tribunal, this survey provided many participants with the first opportunity to offer their opinions on these critical issues. This study reveals a shared national experience of widespread exposure to human rights abuses.

 

2000

Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction (cover)

Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction:
An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

May 2000

By Laurel Fletcher, Harvey Weinstein, Damir Arnaut, Daska Babcock-Halaholo, Kerstin Carlson, and Anne Mahle
With the Centre for Human Rights (University of Sarajevo)

The report describes the findings from an interview study conducted in 1999, of a representative sample of thirty-two Bosnian judges and prosecutors with primary or appellate jurisdiction for national war crimes trials. The purpose of this study was to assess the understanding of attitudes among these legal professionals towards  the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and prosecution of war crimes.

 

1999

Forced Migration and Health:
Refugee Well-Being in America

1999

By Harvey M. Weinstein, Rhonda Sarnoff, and Eleanor A. Gladstone
With the Refugee Health Section of the California Department of Health Services