Sheltering Displaced Persons from Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
After fleeing conflict-related violence and seeking safety in a refugee or internal displacement camp, is one automatically safe from harm? Where can one find security when risk of rape or other sexual and gender-based violence continues even when one has settled far from the fighting? What are the unique challenges and strategies that arise when providing shelter in insecure, resource-limited camp settings?
In 2012, the Sexual Violence Program undertook a four-country qualitative study of shelter options for refugees and internally displaced persons fleeing sexual and gender-based violence. This study was requested by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Policy Development and Evaluation Services in Geneva.
Recommendations from the study have been included in the 2015 Inter-Agency Standing Committee Gender-based Violence Guidelines.
The study was aimed at filling the gap between limited international guidance on shelter provision in forced displacement contexts and knowledge about what is and is not actually working on the ground.
We had three main aims:
- Identify and describe shelter models available to refugees, the internally displaced, and other migrants fleeing sexual and gender-based violence.
- Identify unique challenges experienced by staff and residents in these settings and explore strategies to respond to these challenges.
- Explore protection needs and options for particularly marginalized victim groups, such as male survivors, sexual minorities, and people with disabilities.
The research culminated in five reports: Colombia, Haiti, Kenya, Thailand, and the Comparative Report.
Comparative report findings can also be found in a two-page summary.
We shared report findings with contacts in each case study country. We also presented findings and recommendations to the heads of UNHCR and other key policymakers in Geneva in June and July, 2013. UNHCR officials have committed to developing agency guidance based on our study findings.
Funding for this study was provided by the United States Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, the International Women’s Program of the Open Society Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.