Iraq: Lifting the Fog of War
In March 2003, shortly after U.S. troops marched into Iraq, HRC Faculty Director Eric Stover traveled to Iraq’s Kurdish north to investigate human rights conditions in the region. Stover and a colleague from Human Rights Watch (HRW), Hania Mufti, assessed the situation of displaced persons in Iraqi Kurdistan; investigated Kurdish treatment of Iraqi prisoners of war there; and once the coalition forces succeeded in taking Kirkuk, monitored whether U.S.-led forces were obeying the Geneva Convention’s prescription to restore and ensure public order.
Stover and Mufti reflected on their experience in the San Francisco Chronicle. Read the UC Berkeley Media Center’s story about Stover’s 2003 trip to Iraq and view a slide show of photos on their website.
In July and August 2003, HRC and the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) sent Phuong Pham and Patrick Vinck and ICTJ staff member Nehal Bhuta to Iraq to conduct a qualitative study to understand how Iraqis wished to deal with their legacy of human rights violations and political violence. Their research was published in May 2004 in a joint HRC-ICTJ report, titled Iraqi Voices: Iraqi Voices: Attitudes Toward Transitional Justice and Social Reconstruction.
In March 2004, Stover returned to Iraq where he joined Hania Mufti in on-site visits to mass graves and to interview Iraqi officials and representatives of human rights organizations that possessed documents of alleged violations of human rights obtained during and after the war. Their research resulted in several publications, including the November 2004 HRW report, Iraq: State of the Evidence.
In March 2008, Eric Stover, Phuong Pham, and Patrick Vinck joined ICTJ staff member Miranda Sissons to publish a critical look at the accountability measures introduced by the United States after it occupied Iraq in 2003.
More on Social Reconstruction and Transitional Justice
Eric Stover. “The Destruction of Koreme, Iraqi Kurdistan: Mapping Mass Graves.” In The Images of Conviction: The Construction of Visual Evidence, edited by Diane Dufour (Le Bal & Editions Xavier Barral, 2015), 169–85.
Eric Stover, Miranda Sissons, Phuong Pham, and Patrick Vinck. “Justice on Hold: Accountability and Social Reconstruction in Iraq.” International Review of the Red Cross 90, no. 869 (March 2008): 5–28.
Eric Stover, Hanny Megally, and Hania Mufti. “Bremer’s ‘Gordian Knot’: Transitional Justice and the US Occupation of Iraq.” In Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Truth versus Justice, edited by Naomi Roht-Arriaza and Javier Mariezcurrena (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 229–54. Originally published in Human Rights Quarterly 27, no. 3 (August 2005): 830–57.
Eric Stover. “Kirkuk: An Eyewitness Account,” and “Lifting the Fog of War.” In The Iraq War and Its Consequences: Thoughts of Nobel Peace Laureates and Eminent Scholars, edited by Irwin Abrams and Gungwu Wang (River Edge, NJ: World Scientific, 2003), pp. 245–48, 249–55.
Eric Stover, William D. Haglund, and Margaret Samuels. “Exhumation of Mass Graves in Iraq: Considerations for Forensic Investigations, Humanitarian Needs, and the Demands of Justice.” Journal of the American Medical Association 290, no. 5 (August 6, 2003): 663–66.
Hania Mufti and Eric Stover. “After the War / Troubles in Kirkuk.” San Francisco Chronicle, April 30, 2003.
Research on Iraqi Refugees
Marwa Shoeb, Harvey M. Weinstein, and Jodi Halpern. “Living in Religious Time and Space: Iraqi Refugees in Dearborn, Michigan.” Journal of Refugee Studies 20, no. 3 (September 2007): 441–60.
Marwa Shoeb, Harvey Weinstein, and Richard Mollica, “The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire: Adapting a Cross-Cultural Instrument for Measuring Torture, Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Iraqi Refugees.” International Journal of Social Psychiatry 53, no. 5 (September 2007): 447–63.