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Chang, Grace, and Kathleen Kim. “Reconceptualizing Approaches to Human Trafficking: New Directions and  Perspectives from the Field(s).” Loyola Law School, 2007, 1–27.


This article critiques U.S. foreign and domestic policies against human trafficking. The authors focus on three components of U.S. anti-trafficking policies: prostitution, labor migration, and sexual and reproductive health. Their central argument is that scholars and activists across movements should create a new human trafficking paradigm that “evaluates trafficking within a broader framework “and builds a “foundation for a cross-sectoral alliance” (2) to best support the needs and rights of all migrant workers and trafficking survivors. Their main critique is that U.S. policy conflates sex trafficking and prostitution with human trafficking. They argue that this conflation takes attention away from the structural and economic components of human trafficking. Globalization and neoliberal policies, which do not receive enough attention, have created a greater demand for cheap labor and resulted in more people being trafficked. The authors lay out three central objectives for a new way to look at trafficking: identification of guiding principles, expansion of a broad anti-trafficking coalition, and a shift in current anti-trafficking rhetoric. This article is written for someone with preexisting knowledge of trafficking who is interested in policy. While the authors make clear their critique of U.S. focus on sex trafficking, they spend less time engaging with other forms of trafficking. Thus, the article mainly serves as a critical piece towards U.S. foreign policy, and the authors argue for a more comprehensive definition of trafficking to encompass all anti-trafficking movements.    


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Coalitions   Legislation/policy

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