Torts Stories – Historical Material

Vincent v. Lake Erie:

Duluth History

The Mataafa


Trial Record

Appellant’s Supreme Court Brief

Respondents Brief

Minn Supreme Court

Josiah Ensign Photo



O’Brien Photograph










Rylands v. Fletcher


Case Analysis

Murphy v. Steeplechase Amusement Co.

Court of Appeals

Hymowitz v. Eli Lilly

Hymowitz v. Eli Lilly NY Court of Appeals

Wagon Mound Cases



Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Co.

Escola Respondents Petition for District Court Appeals Hearing

1st_District_CA Opinion

Escola Petition for CA Supreme Court Hearing




Escola Closing Brief

Escola CA Supreme Court Decision


MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co.

MacPherson NY Supreme Court


MacPherson Second Opinion

MacPherson NY Court of Appeals

Palsgraf v. Rhode Island railroad Co.

Palsgraf New York Times

Palsgraf Record

Palsgraf NY Supreme Court

Palsgraf NY Court of Appeals

Denial of Rehearing

Harvard News Paper Report


Noonan Chapter on Palsgraf


Posner Chapter on Cardozo

2014 photo of the building where Mrs. Palsgraf lived

Roland v. Christian


Affidavit of Nancy Christian


Answer to Complaint


Answer to Request for Admission of Truth


Answers to Interrogatories


Appellants Reply Brief

Appellants Opening Brief

Appellants Petition for S.Court Hearing


The Examiner Article: Are Aces Wild?

Complaint for Damages

Declaration of Jack K Berman


Defendant Nancy Christian’s Reply Memo


Defendant Nancy Christian’s Supplemental Memo

Demurrer to Complaint

Earlier CA Decision Ross v. DeMond


Jack K Berman Obituary



Motion For Summary Judgement

Notice of Motion for Summary Judgement

Request for Admission of Truth of Matters of Fact

Respondents Reply Brief

Respondents Reply to Appellants Petition

Rowland v. Christian CA Decision

Rowland v. Christian S. Court Decision


Supplemental Memo in Response to Defendants Supplemental Memo

Tarasoff v. University of California

Tarasoff Timeline

Tarasoff Defense Opening Brief

Tarasoff Prosecutor Brief

Tarasoff Defense Closing Brief