Dynamics Associates, Cambridge, 1971.  Revised Edition, 1974.


McGraw-Hill, January 1976. Second Edition, 1981. Spanish, Japanese, and Chinese versions available. Third edition, 1990, Fourth edition, 1998.


COUPE Papers on Public Economics, Urban Institute, December 1979.

(Co-editor with John M. Quigley), University of California Press, 1985.

MICROECONOMICS (with Robert S. Pindyck)
MacMillan, 1989; Second Edition, 1992, Italian, Spanish, and Russian editions available; Third Edition, 1995, Portuguese editions available; Fourth Edition, 1998, Chinese and German editions available; Fifth Edition, 2001, Uzbek, Korean, Japanese editions available; Sixth Edition, 2004; Seventh Edition, 2009; Eighth Edition, 2013. 

DID MICROSOFT HARM CONSUMERS: TWO OPPOSING VIEWS (with David S. Evans, Franklin M. Fisher, & Richard L. Schmalensee)AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, 2000.


Journal Articles

Credit Ratings and the Market for General Obligation Municipal Bonds,” National Tax Journal, March 1973, pp. 17-27.

The Determination of Equalized Valuation: A Massachusetts Case Study,Public Finance Quarterly, April 1975, pp. 153-161.

Voting in a Local School Election: A Micro Analysis,” Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1977, pp. 30-42.

Suburban Employment and Zoning: A General Equilibrium Analysis,” Journal of Regional Science, March 1978, pp. 33-44.

Hedonic Housing Prices and the Demand for Clean Air” (with David Harrison, Jr.), Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, March 1978, pp. 81-102.

The Long-Run Effects of a Residential Property Tax and Local Public Services” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Journal of Urban Economics, April 1978, pp. 24l-262, reprinted in John M Quigley, ed., THE ECONOMICS OF HOUSING, Edward Elgar, 1997.

On the Measurement of Benefits in an Urban Context: Some General Equilibrium Issues” (with Paul N. Courant), Journal of Urban Economics, June 1978, pp. 346-356.

The Air Pollution and Property Value Debate: Some Empirical Evidence” (with David Harrison, Jr.), Review of Economics and Statistics, November 1978, pp. 635-638.

The Distribution of Benefits from Improvements in Urban Air Quality” (with David Harrison, Jr.), Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, December 1978, pp. 313-332.

Tax Limitation and the Demand for Public Services in Michigan” (with Paul N. Courant & Edward M. Gramlich), National Tax Journal, Supplement, June 1979, pp. 147-157.

Public Employee Market Power and the Level of Government Spending” (with Paul N. Courant and Edward M. Gramlich), American Economic Review, December 1979, pp. 806-817.  Reprinted in W. Patrick Beaton (ed.) MUNICIPAL EXPENDITURES REVENUES AND SERVICES (New Brunswick: Rutgers University, 1983) pp. l80-202.

Why Voters Support Tax Limitation Amendments: The Michigan Case” (with Paul N. Courant and Edward M. Gramlich), National Tax Journal, March 1980, pp. l-20.  Also in TAX AND EXPENDITURE LIMITATIONS  (H. Ladd and N. Tideman, editors), COUPE Papers on Public Economics, Urban Institute, 198l, pp. 37-72.

On the Economics of Voter Turnout in Local School Elections,” Public Choice, Fall 1980, pp. 315-331.

Why Voters Turn Out for Tax Limitation Votes” (with Edward M. Gramlich and Deborah Swift), National Tax Journal, March 1981, pp. 115-124.

On the Welfare Effects of Tax Limitation” (with Paul N. Courant), Journal of Public Economics, December 198l, pp. 289-316.

Multiple Regression with a Qualitative Dependent Variable,” Journal of Economics and Business, January 1982, pp. 67-78.

Micro Estimates of Public Spending Demand Functions and Tests of the Tiebout and Median Voter Hypotheses” (with Edward M. Gramlich), Journal of Political Economy, June 1982, pp. 536-560.

The Dynamics of the Legal Process” (with Lawrence Blume), Journal of Legal Studies, June 1982, pp. 405-421.

Voting on Public Spending: Differences between Public Employees, Transfer Recipients, and Private Workers” (with Edward M. Gramlich), Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Summer 1982, pp. 516-533.  Reprinted in PROBLEMI DI AMMINISTRAZIONE PUBBLICA, No. 2/1983, pp. 55-88.

Micro-Based Estimates of Demand Functions for Local School Expenditures” (with Theodore C. Bergstrom & Perry Shapiro), 50 Econometrica, Nov. 1982, pp. 1183-1205.

The Distributional Impact of Statewide Property Tax Relief: The Michigan Case” (with Michael Wolkoff), Public Finance Quarterly, April 1983, pp. 131-153.

The Taking of Land: When Should Compensation Be Paid?” (with Lawrence Blume and Perry Shapiro), Quarterly Journal of Economics, Feb. 1984, pp. 71-92.

On Determining the Optimal Magnitude and Length of Liability In Torts,” Journal of Legal Studies, August 1984, pp. 551-563.

Budget Reform and the Theory of Federalism” (with John Quigley), American Economic Review, May 1986, pp. 132-137.

The Efficiency of Comparative Negligence,” Journal of Legal Studies, June 1987, pp. 375-394.

Tax Reform: Implications for the State-Local Public Sector” (with Paul Courant), Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer, 1987, pp. 87-100. Reprinted in Samuel Baker and Catherine Elliot (eds.) READINGS IN PUBLIC SECTOR ECONOMICS (Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath & Company, 1990) pp. 585-507.

Efficient Awards and Standards of Proof in Judicial Proceedings” (with David Sappington), Rand Journal, Summer 1987, pp. 308-315.

Tiebout Bias and the Demand for Local Public Schooling” (with Perry Shapiro and Judith Roberts), Review of Economics and Statistics, Aug. 1987, pp. 426-437.

The Welfare Implications of Costly Litigation for the Level of Liability” (with A.M. Polinsky), Journal of Legal Studies, Jan. 1988, pp. 151-164.

A Test for Efficiency in the Supply of Public Education” (with Theodore Bergstrom, Perry Shapiro and Judith Roberts), Journal of Public Economics, April 1988, pp. 289-307.

Robbing Peter to Pay Peter: The Economics of Local Public Residency Requirements” (with Paul N. Courant), Journal of Urban Economics, May 1988, pp. 291-306.

The Deterrent Effect of Settlements and Trials” (with A.M. Polinsky), International Review of Law and Economics, June 1988, pp. 109-117.

Micro-Estimation of the Demand for Schooling: Evidence from Michigan and Massachusetts” (with Perry Shapiro), Regional Science and Urban Economics, January 1989, pp. 381-398.

Unobservables in Consumer Choice: Residential Energy and the Demand for Comfort” (with John Quigley), Review of Economics and Statistics, August 1989, pp. 416-425.

Economic Analysis of Legal Disputes and their Resolution” (with Robert Cooter), Journal of Economic Literature, Sept. 1989, pp. 1067-1097. Reprinted in Richard Posner and Francesco Parisi, eds., Economic Foundations of Private Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2002.

A Note on Optimal Public Enforcement with Settlements and Litigation Costs” (with A.M. Polinsky), Research in Law and Economics, 1989, pp. 1-8.

Trial Courts: An Economic Perspective” (with Robert D. Cooter), Law and Society Review, 1990, pp. 2501-2514.

A Model of Optimal Fines for Repeat Offenders” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Journal of Public Economics, September, 1991, pp. 291-306.  Reprinted in Peder Andersen, Vibeke Jensen and Jorgen Birk Mortensen, eds., Governance by Legal and Economic Measures, Copenhagen, G-E-C Gad Publishers, 1993, pp. 33-52.

Statistical and Demographic Issues Underlying Voting Rights Cases,” Evaluation Review, December, 1991, pp. 659-672.

Private Guarantees for Municipal Bonds: Evidence from the Aftermarket” (with John M. Quigley), National Tax Journal, Dec. 1991, pp. 29-39.

Fiscal Federalism in Europe: Lessons from the American Experience” (with Robert P. Inman), European Economic Review, 1992, pp. 654-660.

Evaluating the Injury Risk Associated with All-Terrain Vehicles: An Application of Bayes’ Rule” (with Gregory B. Rodgers), Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, May 1992, pp. 145-158.

Contingent Fees for Attorneys:  An Economic Analysis” (with  Suzanne Scotchmer), Rand Journal, Autumn, 1993, pp. 343-356.

An Economic Model of Legal Discovery” (with Robert Cooter), Journal of Legal Studies, January, 1994, pp. 435-463.

The EMU and Fiscal Policy in the New European Community: An Issue for Economic Federalism” (with Robert Inman), International Review of Law and Economics, June, 1994, pp. 147-161.

Designing Tax Policy in Federalist Economies: An Overview” (with Robert P. Inman), Journal of Public Economics, 60, 1996, pp. 307-334.

Antitrust Settlements and Trial Outcomes,” (with Jeffrey M. Perloff and Paul Ruud), Review of Economics and Statistics, 1996, pp. 401-409.

Optimal Awards and Penalties when the Probability of Prevailing Varies Among Plaintiffs” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Rand Journal, 27, 1996, pp. 269-280.

Federalism and Reductions in the Federal Budget,” (with John M. Quigley), National Tax Journal, 49, 1996, pp. 289-302.

Rethinking Federalism,” (with Robert P. Inman), Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11, Fall 1997, pp. 43-64.

Does the English Rule Discourage Low-Probability-of-Prevailing Plaintiffs?” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Journal of Legal Studies,  June 1998, pp. 519-534.

Antitrust Enforcement in Dynamic Network Industries,”The Antitrust Bulletin, Fall-Winter 1998, pp. 859-882.  (Translated as “Wettbewerb, Innovation und die Durchsetzung des Kartellrechts in dynamischen, vernetzeten Industrien,” in GRUR International Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil, Heft 6, 1999).

Empirical Methods in Antitrust Litigation: Review and Critique,” (with Jonathan B. Baker), American Law and Economics Review, Fall 1999, pp. 386-435.

The Primestar Acquisition of the News Corp./MCI Direct Broadcast Satellite Assets,” Review of Industrial Organization, Volume 16, No. 2, March 2000, pp. 191-209.

Market Definition with Differentiated Products: The Post-Nabisco Cereal Merger,Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 68, No. 1, 2000, pp. 163-185.

Structuring Intergovernmental Grants to Local Governments: Lessons From South Africa,Constitutional Political Economy, Vol. 12, 2001, pp. 173-187.

Can We Decentralize Our Unemployment Policies? Evidence from the United States” (with Robert Inman), Kyklos, March 2001, Vol. 54, pp. 287-308.

U.S. v. Microsoft – An Economic Analysis” (with Franklin M. Fisher), The Antitrust Bulletin, Spring 2001, pp. 1-69.

Vertical Foreclosure in Broadband Access?” (with Hal J. Singer) Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. XLIX, No. 3 (Sept. 2001), pp. 299-318.

Merger Simulation: A Simplified Approach with New Applications” (with Roy J. Epstein), Antitrust Law Journal, Volume 69, No. 3 (Dec 2001).

A Note on Settlements under the Contingent Fee Method of Compensating Lawyers,” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), International Review of Law and Economics, Volume 22, No. 2, pp. 217-225.

Aligning the Interests of Lawyers and Clients” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), American Law and Economics Review, Volume 5, No. 1, Spring 2003, pp. 165-188.

Merger Simulation with Brand-Level Margin Data: Extending PCAIDS with Nests” (with Roy J. Epstein), Advances in Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol. 4: No. 1, Article 2, 2004.

Exclusion or Efficient Pricing? The “Big Deal” Bundling of Academic Journals” (with Aaron S. Edlin), Antitrust Law Journal, Volume 72, No. 1, August, 2004, pp. 128-159.

Federalism and the Democratic Transition: Lessons from South Africa” (with Robert P. Inman), The American Economic Review, Volume 95, No. 2, May, 2005, pp. 39-43.

Academic Journal Pricing and the Demand of Libraries” (with Aviv Nevo and Mark McCabe), The American Economic Review, Volume 95, No. 2, May, 2005, pp. 447-452.

The Bundling of Academic Journals” (with Aaron S. Edlin), The American Economic Review, Volume 95, No. 2, May, 2005, pp. 441-446.

A Damage-Revelation Rationale for Coupon Remedies” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 23, No.3, October 2007, pp. 653-661.

The Deadweight Loss of Coupon Remedies for Price Overcharges” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. LVI, No. 2, June 2008, pp. 402-417.

Econometric Issues in Antitrust Analysis,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, Vol.166, No. 1, March 2010, pp. 62-77.

Understanding UPP,” (with Roy J. Epstein), The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, Vol. 10: Issue 1, Article 21, 2010.

Online Advertising: Defining Relevant Markets,” (with James D. Ratliff), Journal of Competition Law & Economics, August 7, 2010, pp. 1-34.

On the Pretrial Use of Economists,”  The Antitrust Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 3, Fall 2010, pp. 679-687.

Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Learning from South Africa,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organizations, Vol. 28, Issue 4, October, 2012, pp. 783-817.

Would the Per Se Illegal Treatment of Reverse Payment Settlements Inhibit Generic Drug Investment? ” (with Bret M. Dickey), Journal of Competition Law & Economics, 8(3), August 2012, pp. 615-625.

Understanding the Democratic Transition in South Africa,” (with Robert P. Inman), American Law and Economics Review, January 2013, pp. 2-23.

The Use and Threat of Injunctions in the RAND Context,” (with James Ratliff), Journal of Competition Law & Economics, January 2013, pp. 1-22.

Airline Network Effects and Consumer Welfare,” (with M. Israel, B. Keating, and B. Willig), Review of Network Economics, November 2013, pp. 1-36.

Is There a Market for Organic Search Engine Results and Can Their Manipulation Give Rise to Antitrust Liability?” (with James Ratliff), Journal of Competition Law & Economics, Autumn 2014, pp. 1-25.

Measuring Benchmark Damages in Antitrust Litigation,” (with Justin McCrary), Journal of Econometric Methods, 3(1), 2014, pp. 63-74. 

The Hidden Costs of Free Goods: Implications for Antitrust Enforcement” (with Michal Gal), Antitrust Law Journal, Volume 80, Issue 3, 2016, pp. 521-562.

Law Review Articles

The Judicial Pursuit of Local Fiscal Equity” (with Robert Inman), Harvard Law Review, June 1979, pp. 1662-1750.

Quantitative Methods in Antitrust Litigation” (with Peter Steiner), Law and Contemporary Problems, Autumn 1983, pp. 69-141.

Compensation for Takings:  An Economic Analysis” (with Lawrence Blume), California Law Review, July, 1984, pp. 569-628.  Also in Austin Jaffe (ed.) RESEARCH IN LAW AND ECONOMICS, Volume 10, 1987, pp. 53-103 and Kenneth G. Dau-Schmidt and Thomas S. Ulen (eds.), LAW AND ECONOMICS ANTHOLOGY, 1988, PP. 226-234.

Econometrics in the Courtroom,” Columbia Law Review, June 1985, pp. 1048-1097.

The Assignment of Temporary Justices in the California Supreme Court” (with Stephen Barnett), Pacific Law Journal, July 1986, pp. 1045-1197.

Regulatory Takings:  The Case of Mobile Home Rent Control,Chicago Kent Law Review, Vol. 67, No. 3, Fall, 1992, pp. 923-929.

Sanctioning Frivolous Suits:  An Economic Analysis” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 82, No. 2, December, 1993, 397-435. (translated as “Liti Temerarie E Sanzioni Giudiziarie: Un’Analisi Economica”, 14 Rivista Critica del Diritto Privato (1996).

Reforming the New Discovery Rules” (with Robert Cooter), Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 84, No. 1, November 1995, pp. 61-89.

Making Sense of the Antitrust State Action Doctrine: Balancing Political Participation and Economics Efficiency in Regulatory Federalism” (with Robert Inman), Texas Law Review, Vol. 75, May 1997, pp. 1203-1299.

On Federalism and Economic Development,”Virginia Law Review, Vol.  83, No. 7, October 1997, pp. 1581-1592.

Open Access to Broadband Networks: A Case Study of the AOL-Time Warner Merger” (with Hal J. Singer), Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2, Spring 2001, pp. 631-675.

3M’s Bundled Rebates: An Economic Perspective,” Chicago Law Review, Vol. 72, 2005, pp. 243-264.

Antitrust Class Certification: Towards an Economic Framework” (with Bret M. Dickey), N.Y.U. Annual Survey of American Law, Vol. 66, Issue 3, 2011, pp. 459-486.


Articles in Books

Credit Ratings, Bond Defaults, and Municipal Borrowing Costs:  A New England Study,” 1972 PROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON TAXATION, National Tax Association, 1972, pp. 331-350.

Property Taxation, Full Valuation, and the Reform of Educational Finance in Massachusetts,” in PROPERTY TAXATION AND THE FINANCE OF EDUCATION, Committee on Taxation, Resources and Economic Development (University of Wisconsin Press), 1974, pp. l89-20l.

Property Values and the Benefits of Environmental Improvements: Theory and Measurement” (with A. Mitchell Polinsky), in Wingo and Evans, eds., PUBLIC POLICY AND THE  QUALITY OF LIFE IN CITIES (Johns Hopkins Press for Resources for the Future), 1977, pp. l54-l80.

Market Approaches to the Measurement of the Benefits of Air Pollution Abatement,” in Ann Friedlaender, ed., APPROACHES TO CONTROLLING AIR POLLUTION (M.I.T. Press), 1978, pp. 240-279.

Judicial Approaches to Local Public-Sector Equity: An Economic Analysis,” in P. Mieszkowski and M. Straszheim, eds., CURRENT ISSUES IN URBAN ECONOMICS (Johns Hopkins Press), 1979, pp. 542-576.

The Stimulative Effects of Intergovernmental Grants: Or Why Money Sticks Where it Hits” (with Paul N. Courant and Edward M. Gramlich), in P. Miezkowski and W. Oakland, eds., FISCAL FEDERALISM AND GRANTS-IN-AID, COUPE Papers on Public Economics, Urban Institute, 1979, pp. 5-21.

On Super-rationality and the School Voting Process,” in C. Russell, ed., COLLECTIVE DECISION-MAKING (Johns Hopkins Press), 1979, pp. 75-82.

Property Tax Reduction in Michigan” (with Robert Vishny) in H. Brazer and D. Laren, eds., MICHIGAN’S FISCAL AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURE (University of Michigan Press), 1982, pp. 530-560.

Tax Assignment and Revenue Sharing in the United States,” in R. Mathews and C. McLure, eds., TAX ASSIGNMENT IN FEDERAL COUNTRIES, (Australian National University Press), 1983, pp. 205-33.

Residential Choice and the Demand for Public Education: Estimation Using Survey Data” (with Perry Shapiro and Judith Roberts), in H. Timmermans and R. Golledge, eds., BEHAVIOR MODELLING APPROACHES IN GEOGRAPHY AND PLANNING, (Croom Helm), 1986, pp. 179-197.

The Economics of the Local Public Sector,” in A. Auerbach and M. Feldstein, eds., HANDBOOK OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS, Volume II, 1987, Chapter 11, pp. 571-645.

Settlements in Private Antitrust Litigation” (with Jeffrey Perloff) in L. White (ed.), PRIVATE ANTITRUST LITIGATION, M.I.T. Press, 1988, pp. 149-184.

A Federalist Fiscal Constitution for an Imperfect World: Lessons from the United States,” in H.N. Scheiber (ed.) FEDERALISM,  STUDIES IN HISTORY, LAW, AND POLICY, Institute of Governmental Studies, U. C. Berkeley, 1988, pp. 79-92.

Public Choices in Public Higher Education,” (with John Quigley) in C. Clotfelter and M. Rothschild, eds. THE ECONOMICS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1993, pp. 243-283.

European Labor Markets:  The Eastern Dimension” (with Jasminka Sohinger) in W. Dickens, B. Eichengreen, and L. Ulman (eds.) LABOR RESPONSES TO EUROPEAN INTEGRATION, Brookings Institution, 1993, pp. 271-286.

Reference Guide on Multiple Regression,” in Federal Judicial Center, REFERENCE MANUAL ON SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE, 1994, pp. 415-470, Second Edition, 2000, pp.179-227.

California Fiscal Federalism: A School Finance Perspective,” in B. Cain and R. Noll (eds.), CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM IN CALIFORNIA, Institute of Governmental Studies, UC Berkeley, 1995, pp. 431-453.

The Political Economy of Federalism,” (with Robert Inman), in D. Mueller (ed.), PERSPECTIVES ON PUBLIC CHOICE, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1997, pp. 73-105.

Federalism as a Device for Reducing the Budget of the Central Government,”(with John M. Quigley), in FISCAL POLICY: LESSONS FROM ECONOMIC RESEARCH, Alan Auerbach (ed.), M.I.T. Press, 1997, pp.6-40.

Guide to Multiple Regression,” in Faigman, Kaye, Saks, and Sanders  (ed.), MODERN SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE: THE LAW AND SCIENCE OF EXPERT TESTIMONY, West Publishing Co., St. Paul, Minn., 1997, Vol. 1, pp.  147-183, second edition, forthcoming.

Discovery,” in THE NEW PALGRAVE DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS AND THE LAW, Peter Newman (ed.), MacMillian Reference Ltd. 1998, pp. 609-615.

Contingent Fees” (with Suzanne Scotchmer), in THE NEW PALGRAVE DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS AND THE LAW, Peter Newman (ed.), MacMillian Reference, Ltd., 1998, pp. 415-420.

Federalism” (with Robert Inman), in THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, B.Bouchaert and G.DeGeest, editors, 2000, Volume V, pp. 661-691.

Subsidiarity and the European Union” (with Robert Inman),  in THE NEW PALGRAVE DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS AND LAW, Peter Newman (ed.), MacMillian Reference Ltd., 1998, pp. 545-551.

United States v. Microsoft: An Economic Analysis” (with Franklin M. Fisher), pp. 1-44, and “Misconceptions, Misdirections, and Mistakes,” pp. 87-96, in Evans, Fisher, Rubinfeld, and Schmalensee, DID MICROSOFT HARM CONSUMERS? TWO OPPOSING VIEWS, AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, 2000.  An updated and revised version appears in Antitrust Bulletin, Spring, 2001.

Antitrust Policy,” in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Elsevier Science Ltd. (2001), 1: 553-60.

Ensuring Fair and Efficient Access to the Telecommunications ‘Bottleneck’,” (with Robert Majure), in C.-D.Ehlermann and L.Gosling (eds.), Third Competition Law Annual 1998: Regulating Telecommunications (Hart Publishing: Oxford).

Innovation and Antitrust Enforcement“(with John Hoven), in J. Ellig (ed.), Dynamic Competition and Public Policy: Technology, Innovation, and Antitrust Issues (New York: Cambridge), 2001, pp. 65-94.

Access Remedies in High Technology Antitrust Cases,” in Francois Leveque and Howard Shelanski, eds., Merger Remedies in American and European Union Competition Law (Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.), 2003, pp. 137-159.

The Strategic Use of Patents: Implications for Antitrust” (with Robert Maness), in Francois Leveque and Howard Shelanski, eds., Antitrust, Patents and Copyright: EU and US Perspectives (Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.), 2005, pp.85-102.

An Empirical Perspective on Legal Process: Should Europe Introduce Private Antitrust Enforcement?” in Peter Nobel and Marina Gets, eds., New Frontiers of Law and Economics (Zurich, Switz.: Schulthess), 2006, pp.141-148.

Empirical Study of the Civil Justice System (with Daniel P. Kessler), in A. Mitchell Polinsky and Steven Shavell, eds., Handbook of Law and Economics, Volume I (Elsevier B.V.: Oxford, U.K.), 2007, pp. 343-402.

U.S. v. Microsoft: Lessons Learned and Issues Raised (with A. Douglas Melamed), in Eleanor M. Fox and Daniel A. Crane, eds., Antitrust Stories (Foundation Press: New York), 2007, pp.287-310.

Quantitative Methods in Antitrust,” in 1 Issues in Competition Law and Policy, (ABA Section of Antitrust Law), 2008, pp.723-742.

On the Foundations of Antitrust Law and Economics,” in Robert Pitofsky ed., How the Chicago School Overshot The Mark: The Effect of Conservative Economic Analysis on U.S. Antitrust (Oxford University Press: New York), 2008, pp. 51-73.

Maintenance of Monopoly: U.S. v. Microsoft (2001),” in John E. Kwoka. Jr. and Lawrence J. White, eds., The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition (Oxford University Press: New York), 2009, pp. 530-557.

Evaluating Antitrust Enforcement: Economic Foundations,” in Barry E. Hawk, ed., Annual Proceedings of the Fordham Competition Law Institute, International Antitrust Law & Policy (Juris Publishing) 2009, pp.457-469.

Settlements in Antitrust Enforcement: A U.S. Economics Perspective,” in Claus-Dieter Ehlermann and Mel Marquis, eds., European Competition Law Annual 2008 (Hart Publishing), 2010, pp. 85-92.

Alternative Economic Designs for Academic Publishing,” (with Theodore C. Bergstrom), in Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Diane L. Zimmerman, and Harry First, eds., Working Within the Boundaries of Intellectual Property: Innovation Policy For The Knowledge Society (Oxford University Press: New York), 2010, pp. 137-148.

Revising the Horizontal Merger Guidelines: Lessons from the U.S. and the E.U.,” (with Richard Gilbert) in Faure, M. and Zhang, X., eds., Competition Policy and Regulation: Recent Develpments in China, Europe and the U.S. (Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, U.K.), 2011, pp. 262-277.

Current Issues in Antitrust Analysis,” in Drexl, J., Kerber, W., and Podszun, R., eds., Competition Policy and the Economic Approach: Foundations and Limitations (Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, U.K.), 2011, pp. 81-93.

Antitrust Damages,” in Einer Elhauge, ed., Research Handbook on the Economics of Antitrust Law (Edward Elgar, Northampton, MA), 2012, pp. 378-390.

Why Was the Democratic Transition in South Africa Viable?” in Chang, Y. C., eds., Empirical Legal Analysis: Assessing the Importance of Legal Institutions (Routledge, New York), 2014, pp. 4-20. 

Antitrust Settlements,” in Roger Blair and Danny Sokol (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics (Oxford University Press, New York), 2015, pp. 172-186.

“Antitrust Policy: Lessons from the U.S.,” in James D. Wright (ed.), 2015, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition, Volume 1, Oxford: Elsevier, pp. 796-803.

Improving Antitrust Sanctions,” in Douglas H. Ginsburg and Joshua D. Wright (eds.), Global Antitrust Economics: Current Issus in Antitrust Law & Economics, Concurrences Review, 2016.

Economics of Federalism,” (with Robert Inman), Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics (forthcoming).


Urban Land Values: Theoretical and Empirical Essays,” Joint Center of Urban Studies, M.I.T./Harvard, September 1972, pp. l-7l.

What Do Tax Limitation Votes Mean” (with Paul N. Courant and Edward M. Gramlich), in Law Quadrangle Notes, University of Michigan Law School, Spring 1982, pp. 24-28.

Book Review, “Studies in State-Local Public Finance,” (Harvey Rosen, ed.), Journal of Economic Literature, December 1987, pp. 1882-1883.

Book Review, “America’s Ailing Cities:  Fiscal Health and the  Design of Urban Policy” (Helen F. Ladd and John Yinger), Journal of Economic Literature, December 1990, pp. 30-32.

Comments on Scotchmer, “Public Goods and the Invisible Hand,” in John M. Quigley and Eugene Smolensky (eds.), MODERN PUBLIC FINANCE (Harvard University Press) 1994, pp. 120-125.

The Political Economy of Federalist Institutions,”  (with Robert Inman), draft, February 1993.

Mergers and Other Competition Policy Issues in Banking,” (with George Rozanski), Appendix to “Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks — United States,” a note submitted to the Directorate for Financial, Fiscal and Enterprise Affairs, Committee on Competition Law and Policy, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, February, 1998.

Comment, “Product and Stock Market Responses to Automotive Product Liability Verdicts,” by Steven Garber and John Adams, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity / Microeconomics 1998, Washington DC: Brookings Institution.

FCC filing: Declaration of Daniel L. Rubinfeld and J. Gregory Sidak on behalf of GTE Corporation, In the Matter of Applications for Consent to the Transfer of Control of Licenses, MediaOne Group, Inc., Transferor, To AT&T Corp., Transferee, Federal Communications Commission, CS Dkt. No. 99-251 (filed Aug. 23, 1999).

State of New York, et. al. v. Microsoft, Amicus Brief (with Timothy Bresnahan, Richard J. Gilbert, George Hay, Bruce Owen, and Lawrence J. White), June 2002.

FCC filing: Affidavit and Report of Daniel L. Rubinfeld (DirecTV and EchoStar merger), February 2002.

Subsidiarity, Governance, and EU Economic Policy (with Robert P. Inman), CESifoForum, Volume 3, No. 4, Winter, 2002, pp. 3-11,

Amici Curiae Submission to the U.S. Supreme Court in Support of Petition for Certiori in Conwood Co. v. U.S. Tobacco, Co., concerning the admissibility of statistical evidence (with Stephen Fienberg, Franklin Fisher, and Daniel McFadden), Nov. 20, 2002.

Effects of Mergers with Differentiated Products (with Roy J. Epstein), EU Competition Directorate, October 7, 2004, available at

SEC filing: Letter Concerning Structured Finance Credit Ratings (for Fitch Rating Services, Inc.), April 1, 2007.

“The American Law and Economics Association,” in David Clark (ed.) Encyclopedia of Law and Society, Sage Publications, 2007.

“Empirical Methods in Antitrust: New Developments in Merger Simulation,” in Stefan Vogt, Max Albert and Dieter Schmidtchen (eds.), The More Economic Approach to European Competition Law, (Conferences on the New Political Economy), Tubingen, 2007, pp. 277-280.

Federalism and South Africa’s Democratic Bargain: The Zuma Challenge, (with Robert P. Inman), June, 2009. 

“Why Federalism Matters: Implications for Tax Policy,” (with Robert Inman), “Proceedings of the March 9-10, 2009 Sho Sato Conference on Tax Law, Social Policy, and the Economy.”

“Sustainable Economics for a Digital Planet: Ensuring Long-term Access to Digital Information (various co-authors), Feb. 2010: Report of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Digital Preservation and Access, available at

Book Review: Harry First and Andrew I. Gavil, “The Microsoft Antitrust Cases” Journal of Economic Literature, Volume 53, Issue 2, 2014, pp. 374-75.