THE ROBBINS COLLECTION
101 - 102 - 103 - 104 - 105 - 106 - 107 - 108 - 109 - 110 - 111 - 112 - 113 - 114 - 115 - 116 - 117 - 118 - 119A - 119B - 120
Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xvii ex.; vii+251+vii ff.; 195x128 (132) mm; cover 203x132 mm
1. ff. 1r-150r Bartolomeo Benino, Elementa iuris canonici
2. ff. 160r-251v Bartolomeo Benino, Deffinitiones, et Conclusiones Institutionum Canonicarum
Unnumbered folios. Ff. 151-153, 155-159 blank.
Written in Rome, in the hand of Benino himself (f. iir: "In celeberimo Romae studio fo Acceptu à me Bartolomeo Benino Anno Domini 1692;" f. 154: "In sapientissimo Romae studio factum à me Bartolomeo Benino Anno Domini 1692").
Binding: vellum, hardback. Title on spine: "Ius Canonicum Manoscritto."
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Codex membranaceous, Germany, s. xii in.; i+162+i ff.; 231x164 mm; cover 228x170 mm; writing space 175x125 mm; 34 lines per page
1. ff. 1r-158v
Inc.: "Qvoniam quorvndam romanorum decretalia pontificum synodalibus tempum prestant est venientibus …"
Exp.: " … Namque per somnia et manes quasi reuelationes quorumlibet hominum ubicumque constituuntur altaria omnimodo reprobentur"
2. ff. 158v-160v
a. Deut. 17.12-13; Deut. 17.14-17; Deut. 17.18-20; Deut. 18.19
b. I Samuel 8.4-18; I Samuel 12.12-19
c. First Council of Seville, Third Canon (ff. 159r-v)
d. St. Jerome, Commentary on Amos (ff. 159v-160v)
Ruled in drypoint; pricks in the margins. Two sets
of foliation: the earlier one, in ink, only identifies ff. 1 and 160, and
is correct up to f. 90; the more recent one, in pencil, identifies several
other folios by numbers (ff. 1-15 are numbered in continuous sequence),
but the foliation does not coincide with the earlier one.
Texts in several early 12th-century hands.
Capital letters in orange ink; titles in red. Marginal corrections and notes in brown ink, in several hands, all contemporary with the copying of the main text. Massive erasures and appended texts discussed in Alvarez (see Bibliography below).
Collation: 1-88 99 10-198 206 213
Binding: leather over wooden boars; according to Katherine Tachau, who has consulted the manuscript at the Robbins Collection in 1999, the binding may be at least two centuries later than the date of the completion of the manuscript, as the pastedowns are paper. Both the metal piece once found at the center of the lower board and the three clasps are now missing. Spine torn and frayed. Title on spine: "Canones minores."
Sotheby’s description of this manuscript (see Bibliography, below) identifies the main text as "Canons and Decretals of the popes from St. Peter to Stephen V (d. 891) and of Urban II (d. 1099) and extracts from church councils from Nicea to Carthage …;" according to both Katherine Tachau and Nancy Alvarez (see Bibliography, below), the letters at the bottom of the last page, identified in Sotheby’s description as "presumably the signature of the original owner," are in fact an attempt to transcribe a Greek phrase found in the text a few lines above.
The manuscript appears to have been copied and, perhaps, originally bound at the Benedictine monastery of Admont; it was possibly kept there until at least the 14th century, when it was recorded in the Admont catalogue. Moved at an unknown date to the Benedictine monastery of Lambach, where it remained at least until the 18th or 19th century, as recorded in the catalogue produced there at that time.
secundo folio: inueniaris
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in December 1982 from Sotheby’s.
Bibliography: Martin Brett, "The Berkeley Tripartita," Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law 16 (1986): 98-91; Id., "Urban II and the Collections Attributed to Ivo of Chartres," Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, ed. Stanley Chodorow, Monumenta Iuris Canonici, Subsidia 9 (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1992): 27-46, n. 22; Lotte Kéry, Canonical Collections of the Early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): A Bibliographical Guide to the Manuscripts and Literature, History of Medieval Canon Law, ed. Wilfried Hartmann and Kenneth Pennington (Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1999): 244-5; Linda Fowler-Magerl, A Selection of Canon Law Collections Compiled Between 1000 and 1140, Accessed with Data Processing (Piesenkofen: Kanones WIP Verlag, 2003), 126-7. For a detailed description of both contents and codex see Nancy Alvarez, "Sex and Power in a Textual Variant of the Collectio Tripartita: Reconstructing an Ideology of Reform Identity from a Canon Law Collection at the Benedictine Monastery of Admont, c. 1100-1125," Honors Thesis in Medieval Studies, Stanford University, 2001 (my description, including the identification of texts in article 2, and the paragraph on early provenance, is heavily indebted to Alvarez [op. cit,, Appendix E: "New Catalog Description"], and, by extension, to Martin Brett [who is preparing a critical edition of the Tripartita] and Lisa Fagin Davis); Sotheby’s, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, London, 7 December 1982, no. 58.
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Codex membranaceous, France, s. xii ex.; 169+i ff.; script: Romanesque; 170 ff.; 228x154 (161) mm; cover 239x159 mm; writing space 200x130 mm; 34 lines per page, ff. 1-162; 26-31 lines per page, ff. 163-169
1. ff. 1r-162v
Anonymus, <Collectio decem partium>
a. f. 1r <Dedicatio>
Inc.: "Voluntati uestre reuerendissime pater ut ualui parui et sententias sanctorum patrorum multarum bibliothecis ecclesiarum …"
Exp.: " … eum qui tollit peccata mundi pro meis dignemini interuenire peccatis"
b. ff. 1v-3v Descriptio nominum et temporum Romanorum pontificorum
c. ff. 4r-9v <Prefatio>
Inc.: "Ex ceptiones [sic] ecclesiasticarum regularum partim ex epistolis romanorum pontificum partim ex gestis conciliorum catholicorum episcoporum partim ex tractatibus orthodoxorum patrum …"
Exp.: " … ut hinc prudens lector adiutat quod in unaquaque parte sibi necessarium querere debeat"
d. ff. 9v-10r <Tabula>
Inc.: "<Prima pars continet de fide de quibusdam heresibus de baptismate …"
Exp.: " … <Decima pars> … et de emendatione omnium criminum et redemptione ieiuniorum"
Ruled in drypoint. Written by several scribes (at least five different hands are discernible). Capital letters in red and green ink, titles in red ink. Chapter numbers in the margin: those in red ink are apparently contemporary with the copying of the manuscript; those in brown ink could have been inscribed at the time the manuscript was foliated. A few marginal notes. Foliation in brown ink, in a later hand, perhaps of the 17th century; the same hand added "Pars 1a," "Pars 2a," and so on, at the top of each folio.
Collation: 1-118 125 138
147 15-218 226
Binding: modern, parchment, hardback; two thong ties; pastedowns from a 15th-century antiphonary (front pastedown includes the fragment of an antiphon for Vespers; back pastedown includes and excerpt from "Propter quid"). Old inventory number on front pastedown: "14187."
This is a variant of the Collectio decem partium,
possibly authored by Hildebert of Lavardin, Bishop of Meaux, Archbishop
of Tours (d. 1133), or Gautier de Thérouanne, and based on Ivo of
Chartres’s Panormia, from which it borrows the preface beginning
"Exceptiones [i.e., Excerptiones] …".
The list of popes originally enumerated on ff. 1v-3v and including the dates of accession and death for each individual starts with Peter and ends with Calixtus II (1119-1124; "Calixte II mort en 1124" in a modern hand in pencil); to this list, seven other names are added, in a slightly different hand: Honorius <II, 1124-1130>, Innocentius <II, 1130-1143>, Celestinus <II, 1143-1144>, Lucius <II, 1144-1145>, Eugenius <III, 1145-1153>, Anastasius <IV, 1153-1154>, and Adrianus (IV, 1154-1159; "4tus Av. Seculo 12o" in a 17th or 18th-century hand, in ink;" "1159" in pencil in a modern hand); the antipopes Celestinus II (1124), Anacletus II (1130-1138), and Victor IV (1138) are not included. The hand that has foliated the manuscript has also numbered the popes on the list appearing on ff. 1v-3v.
The text of the canons of the Third Lateran Council (1179) ends abruptly in the middle of a statement at the beginning of Canon 27.
secundo folio: Siluester
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1983 from Laurence Witten.
Bibliography: For a printed edition of the Prefatio, based on MS Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, lat. 2178, see Augustin Theiner, Augustini Theineri Disquisitiones criticae in praecipuas canonum et decretalium collectiones seu Sylloges gallandiane dissertationum de vetustis canonum collectionibus continuatio (Romae: In Collegio Urbano, 1836): 166-8, n. 8; for a detailed discussion of both the manuscript in question and the Collectio, see idem, 166-71.For a variant in MS Cologne, Historisches Archiv W. Kl., f. 199, see Linda Fowler-Magerl, A Selection of Canon Law Collections Compiled Between 1000 and 1140, Accessed with Data Processing (Piesenkofen: Kanones WIP Verlag, 2003), 130-31. For a modern edition of the canons of Lateran III, see Les Conciles oecuméniques: Les décrets, text established by G. Alberigo, J. A. Dossetti, P.-P Joannon, C. Leonardi, and P. Prodi, with the collaboration of H. Jedin; French edition under the direction of A. Duval, B. Lauret, H. Legrand, J. Moingt, and B. Sesboüé, 2 vols. (Paris: Les Éditions du cerf, 1994), 2/1: 204-25. For a list of manuscripts containing the Collectio, and for further bibliography, see Kéry, Canonical Collections of the Early Middle Ages, 263-4.
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Codex membranaceous, England, s. xiii ex./xiv in.; iii (chart.)+115 (membr.)+iii (chart.) ff.; 178x120 mm; cover 188x124 mm; writing space 117x85 mm; text arranged in two columns
ff. 1ra-115rb Bonifacius VIII, Liber sextus decretalium
Inc.: "Bonifacius episcopus servus servorum dei dilectis filiis doctoribus et scolaribus universis tholose commorantibus salutem et apostolicam benedictionem sacro sancte romane ecclesie quam imperscrutabilis divine providentie altitudo …"
Exp.: " … a quibuscumque nostris predecessoribus romanis pontificibus post [in marg., man. sec.] editionem dicti voluminis promulgatas recepturi ulterius aut pro decretalibus habituri"
<b. Liber sextus decretalium>
Inc.: "De summa trinitate et fide catholica Gregorius Xus in generali concilio lugdunensi Fideli ac devota professione fatemur quod spiritus sanctus eternaliter ex patre et filio non taquam ex duobus principiis …"
Exp.: " … et in tuis expensis cotidie vel continue domestici commensales etiam si ex illis aliquos aliquando pro tuis gerendis negociis ab esse continguat Bonifacius VIIIus"
<c. De regulis iuris>
Inc.: "Beneficium ecclesiasticum non potest licite sine institutione canonica optineri …"
Exp.: " … Certum est quis committit in legem qui legis verba complectens contra legis nititur voluntatem finito librus sex laus et gloria christo Dextram sa[..] beatus uirtus regat ominpotentis"
Lettrins decorated with floral motifs in red, blue, green, pink, and gold; title initials in red and blue; initials marking beginnings of sections are either historiated (f. 1r: Gregory X and other church officials conferring; nearly effaced) or decorated with fantastic or grotesque animals and birds (ff. 36r, 50v, 83r [hare hunting]) or gargoyles (f. 84v). Paragraph signs and line fillers in red and blue. Rubricated titles.
Marginal corrections mostly in the hand that has copied the entire manuscript; additions, commentaries, and a few corrections are made in two later hands: one of these is a mid-14th century hand providing chapter titles in the upper margins; the other, possibly of the early 15th century, writes more extensive commentaries using both the top and bottom of the folio.
Collation: 1-912 107. Catchwords. Gatherings numbered at the bottom of the page, in a modern hand using pencil, probably at the time of the book’s rebinding in the nineteenth century.
Binding: nineteenth-century red leather with gilt border; paper pastedowns and flyleaves; front cover now detached. Four raised bands on spine, stamped with gilt floral decorations; five compartments, three of which are stamped with floral decorations. Title on spine, in gilt letters: "Bonifacii VIII. Decretalium. MSS Vellum." It appears that in the process of rebinding, the pages of the manuscript were cut to size and their edges were gilded.
Nineteenth-century handwritten notes, pencil, f.
iiir: "MS Sixth book of Decretals of Pope Boniface VIII," overwritten
with notes in ink, in the same hand: "Decretals of Pope Boniface VIII Book
sixth" and "See 8 Vol. Sismondi’s Hist. Fr. Page 316 as to the Bull ‘Clericis
addressed directed against Edward I and Philip
IV and celebrated for its violence;" the reference here is probably to
des Français (Paris, Strasbourg, and London: [n.p.], 1821-1844),
31 vols., by Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi (1773-1842).
On f. iiv: "Bibliot. Spenc. 3 Vol. &," in a nineteenth-century
hand, in pencil; this reference is probably to one of the editions of the
Spenceriana; or A Descriptive Catalogue of the Books Printed in the Fifteenth
Century, and of Many Valuable First Editions, in the Library of George
John Earl Spencer, K.G. …, by Thomas Frognall Dibdin (1776-1847).
Old shelfmark in the upper corner of f. iiir: "." In the earlier part of the 19th century the manuscript was owned by Fletcher Raincock (his initials and a date on f. iiiv: "FR 1829"). Later in that century the manuscript was in the library of Henry Harris (his bookplate on front pastedown, dated 27 June 1872); other 19th-century owners were the antiquarian Edward Hailstone (1810-1890; his round bookplate stamped in gold on cream-colored leather on back pastedown; the name is spelled "hailctone") and John M. Gray (his bookplate on f. ir, dated 1880; and, on the same folio, a note initialed by him: "See also the Hailstone bookplate on the final board JMG").
secundo folio: sanctus eternaliter
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1983 from Laurence Witten.
Bibliography: see Robbins MS 32; see also Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi, Histoire des Français, 31 vols. (Paris, Strasbourg, and London: [n.p.], 1821-1844), 8:316; Thomas Frognall Dibdin, Bibliotheca Spenceriana; or a Descriptive Catalogue of the Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century, and of Many Valuable First Editions, in the Library of George John Earl Spencer, K.G ... By the Reverend Thomas Frognall Dibdin (London: printed for the author, by W. Bulmer and Co. Shakspeare Press, and published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, & Co.; T. Payne; White & Cochrane; John Murray; and J. & A. Arch, 1814); ibid., Supplement to the Bibliotheca Spenceriana: or, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century in the Library of George John Earl Spencer, by Thomas Frognall Dibdin (London : Printed by W. Nicol, Shakspeare Press, and sold by Payne and Foss, [etc.], 1822).
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Codex membranaceous, Germany, s. xiv in.; 199 ff.; 350x245 mm; cover 360x250 mm; text arranged in two columns, with glosses arranged around the main text
1. ff. 1ra-192rb
Gregorius IX, Decretales
<a. 1. Prologus>
Inc.: "Gregorius Episcopus servus servorum dei dilectis filiis doctoribus et scolaribus universis parisinis commorantibus salutem et apostolicam benedictionem Rex pacificus pia miseratione disposuit ..."
Exp.: " ... ne quis presumat aliam facere absque authoritate [supr. lin.] sedis apostolice speciali"
<a. 2. Decretales>
Inc.: "[De summa trinitate et fide catholica scripsi] Innocentius iiius in consilio generali Firmiter et simpliciter confitemur quod unus solus est verus deus..."
Exp. "... Lucius iiius Indignum est et a romane ecclesie consuetudine alienum ut pro spiritualibus facere quis homagium compellatur Expliciunt decretales per manus Gerdrudis que solebat ludere cum nudis"
<b> Bernardus de Botone Parmensis, Glossa ordinaria in Decretales [man. sec.]
2. f. 192va-b
a. Casus domino episcopo reseruati [man. ter.]
b. Isti sunt casus curatis concessi [man. ter.]
c. Isti sunt casus penitenciarij episcopi reseruati [man. ter.]
3. f. 193r a.
Johannes XXII, Bulla Cum nonnulle ecclesiastice [Avignon, 5 January
1319] [man. quart.]
b. Idem, Letter to Cardinal Bertrand de Montfauves, Archdeacon of Sologne, and Pierre Durant, Chaplain, Canon of Embrun, regarding the collection of ecclesiastical benefices [Avignon, 6 May 1319] [man. quart.]
4. ff. 194r-195v <Tabula titulorum operum Justiniani> [imperf.] [man. quin.]
Each article in a different hand. Marginal digits throughout. Modern foliation in pencil; f. 50 blank.
Ruled in black lead; pricks in the margins to guide the ruling. Book and chapter initials, paragraph signs, and line fillers in article 1 in red and blue ink. At least two different hands have copied the glosses surrounding the main text.
The text of article 2 is surrounded by several additional
commentaries—some of which are in verse—written in a variety of late-13th
and early 14th-century hands, appearing in the margins and at
the bottom of f. 192v. A fragment from Boniface VIII’s Liber
sextus (Book V, chapter ii "De homicidio" at "Prelatis vel clericis
quibuscumque …") is copied at the top of f. 193v in a late 13th-century
The date of the papal bull in article 3.a is given as 6 June 1319.
Article 4 comprises an alphabetical index of titles in the Institutiones, Codex, Digestum vetus, Digestum novum, and Infortiatum; at least one folio is missing here, as the index is incomplete, starting towards the end of the titles grouped under C and ending with titles grouped under S.
A one-paragraph text mentioning the Franciscan order, copied in a late 13th or early 14th-century hand on the end pastedown, includes the date 1247; one of the marginal notes on f. 192v, written in a late thirteenth-century hand, includes the date 1293.
Binding: vellum over wooden boards; clasps missing; of the supporting metal pieces only two are still affixed to the back cover.
Collation: 1-1910 203; an extra bifolium inserted between the verso of the last folio in each quire. Catchwords.
At one time in the fourteenth century the book belonged to one Johannes (partially erased note, in a hand of that century, at the top of end pastedown: "Iste liber est Johannis …;" a little further down the page, a list of names includes that of Johannes [possibly the same person] and, preceding it, a note asserting his ownership of the book: "iste liber est Johanni …"). If taken together with the evidence found in the text mentioning the Franciscan Order (see above), this might suggest that Johannes, the other men whose names are listed on the end pastedown (Petrus, Andreas, Johannes, Jacobus maior, Tomas, Jacobus minor, Philippus, Bartholomeus, Mathias, Symon, Guido [?], and Matheus) and the manuscript itself were in some way associated with the Minorite Order. From a partially-Latin-partially-German inscription at the bottom of the end pastedown, a German provenance might be inferred for the manuscript, or at least for the leaf used in binding.
secundo folio: non reciuiunt
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1984 from Bernard Rosenthal.
Bibliography: See Robbins MS 5, Robbins MS 6, Robbins MS 100. For John XXII and Bertrand de Montfauves, see Louis Caillet, La Papauté d’Avignon et l’église de France: La Politique bénéficiale du Pape Jean XXII en France (1316-1334), Publications de l’Université de Rouen (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1975): 136, 181, and 194; for the bull Cum nonnulle ecclesiastice, see Paul M. Baumgarten, Schedario Baumgarten: Descrizione diplomatica di bolle e brevi originali da Innocenzo III a Pio IX, facsimile ed., with Introduction and Indices by Giulio Battelli, 4 vols. (Vatican: Presso l’Archivio Segreto Vaticano, 1965-86), 3:117, plate 5196.
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Codex membranaceous, the Netherlands (or Rhineland?), s. xv.; iii+68+iii ff.; 236x165 mm; cover 245x170 mm; writing space 160x110 mm; 33-34 lines per page; script: Gothic bookhand
1. ff. 1r-46r Bartholomaeus Brixiensis, Quaestiones dominicales
Inc.: "Ad honorem omnipotentis dei et ecclesie romane cui presidet Gregorius ixus …"
Exp. "… ut meam dignetur insufficientiam tollerare"
b. <Quaestiones dominicales>
Inc.: "De contitionibus appositis Qvidam habens vxorem condempnatus est de crimine capitali qui dum ad patibulum ducentur …’
Exp.: " … Solutio Satis credo misericordiam adhibendam circa istum condempnatum"
2. ff. 46v-66v
Bartholomaeus Brixiensis, Quaestiones veneriales
Inc.: "De rescriptis questio prima Qveritur vtrum in rescriptis aliquis teneatur facere mentionem de primo rescripto anullato …"
Exp.: " … Sed certe contrarium uidetur per Jura in prima parte allegata Explicit deo laus …"
Ruled with black lead; pricks in the margin to guide the ruling. Ff. 66, 67 blank, but ruled in preparation for the copying of the text. Large illuminated initial on f. 1r; room was left on f. 46v, at the beginning of the Quaestiones veneriales, for an initial which, however, was never completed. Capital letters in red and blue ink, becoming red only towards the middle of the manuscript. Very few marginal corrections and notes in at least two different hands—one of which is the hand of the entire manuscript.
Collation: 1-88 94. Catchwords. Quire signatures.
Binding: modern brown morocco, slightly worn around the spine; gilt double borders with floral decorations at the corners on front and back cover; five raised bands on spine, six compartments with gilt floral ornamentation; paper flyleaves; marbled paper pastedowns. Title on spine: "Quaestiones dominicales Bartholomew of Brescia," where the English version of the author’s name indicates that the book was bound in England.
F. 3v has a note in pencil, in a 20th-century hand: "Bartholomeus Brixiensis Questiones dominicales Manuscript on Vellum …" The rest of the text is effaced to the point of being illegible: only a few words can be read—with difficulty—, and they pertain to the description of the decoration of the manuscript; the number of folios is given as "66 pages."
secundo folio: quia ultima
Early provenance from Sotheby’s sales catalogue,
see Bibliography below.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection at Sotheby’s sale of 25 June 1985.
Bibliography: for manuscripts including the text of the Questiones dominicales and Questiones veneriales, see Kuttner, Catalogue of Canon and Roman Law, 2:242 (MS Vat. lat. 2657); and Manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law: Notes from literature and from catalogues, collected by a group of law students and other young academics at the University of Leipzig under the guidance of Gero Dolezalek, http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~jurarom/manuscr/Can&RomL/introduc.htm; for the Robbins manuscript, see Sotheby’s, Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, London, Tuesday 25th June 1985, no. 62. See also Bartholomaeus Brixiensis, Qvaestiones dominicales antiqvissimi ivris doctoris D. Bartholomaei Brixiensis ... per titulos digestae, in Qvaestiones ivris variae ac selectae (Lvgdvni [n.p.], 1572): 89-138; and id., Qvaestiones veneriales ... Bartholomaei Brixiensis ..., in Qvaestiones ivris variae:138-164.
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Codex chartaceous, Spain (or the New World?), s. xvii ex.; iii+482 pp.; 265x190 mm; cover 270x200 mm
1. pp. 1-443 Responsa
Generalium Soc. Iesu.
[Abecedarii-Vsus variarum rerum; anno 1553-anno1693]
2. pp. 445-469 Responsa et Resolutiones quaedam ex consultationibus habitis cum PP. Assistentibus collecta[anno 1548-anno 1644]
3. pp. 470-482 Index rerum
Pagination in the upper corner, in ink, in the hand that has copied the manuscript. Pp. 445-482 unnumbered. Two leaves loose at the end.
The responsa collected in article 1 are arranged in alphabetical order and span more than 150 years, with the earliest dated 1553 and the latest—1693 (p. 16). This first section of the collection assembles answers given by various Generals and Provincials of the Order, and the Collegium Congregationem (the General Congregation, formed by the General, his Assistants, the Provincials, and two deputies from each province), following inquiries from local superiors. Ignatius of Loyola (General 1541-1556), James Lainez (Laynez; General 1558-1565), Francis Borgia (General 1565-1572), and Claudius Acquaviva (General 1581-1615) are among the Generals whose responsa are included. The inquiries come from the provinces originally established under Igatius of Loyola (Italy, Sicily, Portugal, Aragon, Castile, Andalusia, Upper Germany, Lower Germany, France, India, Brazil) as well as England (raised to province in 1619 under Mutius Vitelleschi [General 1615-1645]), Ireland, Sardinia, Austria, Poland, and Zechia (a province situated between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, and including Crimea); from the mission of Peru, founded under Francis Borgia; and from the mission of the Philippine Islands, established under Claudius Acquaviva.
Article 2 includes responsa and resolutions that are the result of consultations among the General’s Assistants. The order here is chronological rather than alphabetic, and no specific provinces or missions are mentioned.
Two separate letters are kept in a separate folder: one, in Spanish, is addressed to an unnamed padre preposito [dean, prior, or provost] and signed by one Bernardo Villavicencio, refitolero [refectory caretaker]. The other, in Latin, is a responsum to an inquiry sent from India, one of the original Jesuit provinces founded under the generalate of St. Ignatius Loyola: the letter is dated 12 January 1616 and signed by Alfonsus Carrillius. Two additional scraps are kept with the manuscript: one contains arithmetic additions; the other includes fragments of a text in Spanish.
Detailed description and comments by Laurence Witten on file. The present description is indebted to that of Witten, who also hypothesizes that the manuscript might come from Mexico (the Mexican mission was established during the generalate of St. Francis Borgia, 2 July 1565-1 October 1572). According to Ernest J. Burrus, S. J., quoted by Witten, the collection is one of the largest of its kind, "the most extensive in its time period, and unusual for the early material it contains."
Binding: vellum over cardboard. Title on front cover: "Capitulo del Padre Preposito/Legajo/N 31/Letras V.B."
The manuscript was once the property of an American private collector.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection from Laurence Witten in 1984.
Bibliography: Canones Congregationum generalium Societatis Iesv cvm aliis nonnvllis ad praxim pertinentibus (Romae: In Collegio Rom. eiusdem Societat., 1606); Johannes Drevus, Fasti societatis Jesu, res, et personas memorabiles ejusdem Societatis per singulos anni dies repraesentantes, Opera, & Studio Reverendi P. Joannis Drevvs … , 4 vols. (Hispaniae: Typis Josephi Padrino, 1753); Jesuit Relations Baja California 1716-1762, ed. and transl. with an introduction by Ernes J. Burrus, S. J., Baja California Travels Series 47 (Los Angeles, CA: Dawson’s Book Shop, 1984); Rules and Precepts of the Jesuit Missions of Northwestern Spain, transl. with an introduction by Charles W. Polzer, in Jesuit Relations: The Documentary Relations of the Southwest (Tucson, Arizona: The University of Arizona Press, 1976); Ernest J. Burrus, Pioneer Jesuit Apostles Among the Indians of New Spain (1572-1604); Ignatian Principles Put Into Practice [!], Archivium historicum Societatis Jesu extractum e vol. XXV, 1956 ([Rome]: Institutum Historicum, S. I., 1956).
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Codex chartaceous, Germany, s.xv in./med.; ii+156+ii ff.; 200x140 mm; cover 210x150 mm; text arranged in two columns; 37 lines per page; writing space 162x112 mm
ff. 1r-155v <Anonymus, Summula de Summa Raymundi>
Inc.: "Iube dompmine [sic] benedicere et cetera [Utitur?][…] levitas [?] in officiis dei ecclesie mihi [?] desiderio m[eo] et alijs perficiendi in eis que scripta sunt de septem sacramentis circa summulam raymundi […] compilatam"
Exp.: " … Quia […] vita contemplativa ut deum [congrua?] statis et actam ut […] omnia opera adimpleat et cetera Et sic est finis deo gracias <Colophon> Et ista est glossa super raymundum Finita et completa sabato proximum dominicam Innocen[..] hora quinta [et?] post prandium Per manus bernhardi Soltkottan et cetera"
Foliation on ff. 2-100 possibly in the hand that has copied the manuscript, using the same light brown ink; from f. 101 on, the ink used in foliation is of a darker brown, similar to the ink used to write the chapter titles; the numbers on ff. 1-10 have been overwritten in pencil at a later date, possibly in the 19th or 20th century.
Initial on f. 1r and paragraph signs throughout in red ink. Chapter titles in dark brown ink, with chapter initials touched in red; capital letters throughout touched in red. Marginal corrections and notes in the hand that has copied the entire manuscript. The same hand has traced a rudimentary arbor consanguinitatis on f. 78r.
On f. ir: "15th Century German MS," in pencil, late 19th-early 20th-century hand, erased but still legible; two numbers in pencil on front pastedown: "237" and "1691."
Binding: modern brown pigskin by J. P. Bray and Son, Cambridge (binder’s mark on back of front cover). A fragment of the medieval (original?) binding, in very good condition, pasted on the front pastedown, includes the title "Summula Raymundi;" another fragment of an earlier binding, with the drawing of a putto, pasted on the front pastedown. Four raised bands on spine; five compartments. Title on spine: "Glossa super Raymundum."
Collation (described January 1986): 112 2-316 4-1012
The manuscript contains the complete text of an anonymous commentary on St. Raymond de Penaforte’s Summa de iure canonico, Summa de poenitentia, and Summa de matrimonio. Marginal notes on folios following f. 64 refer to corresponding titles in St. Rymond’s Summa de poenitentia. The Summula Raymundi septem sacramenta ecclesiastica ingeniose complectens mentioned in the first paragraph on f. 1r is an anonymous work that used to be commonly attributed to St. Raymond.
The manuscript was copied by one Bernard Soltkotten (colophon on f. 155v: "Et ista est glosa super raymundum Finita et completa … Per manus bernhardi Soltkottan etc."). Sotheby’s (see Bibliography, below) hypothesizes that the scribe "may have been related to the Augustinian scribe Johannes Saltkotten from the convent of Böddeken,…" who also worked in Westphalia, and that the present manuscript might have come from that region as well.
The manuscript was once no. 314 in the catalogue of the collection of Leander van Ess (1772-1847), who sold it with other manuscripts to Sir Thomas Phillipps in 1823. The manuscript became no. 698 in Sir Thomas’s collection (Phillipps shelfmark on f. 1r), and was sold by Sotheby’s on 9 June 1910 as lot 687; sold again by Hodgson on 12 December 1957 as lot 527 (see Sotheby’s, Western Manuscripts, below). Correspondence regarding the manuscript kept separately in a file at the Robbins Collection.
secundo folio: Quarto nota quod
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1985 from Sotheby’s.
Bibliography: Sotheby’s, Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, London, 26 November 1985, no. 103; see also Catalogues of Manuscripts and Early Printed Books Sold by Leander van Ess to Sir Thomas Phillips, Bart. (New York, NY: Friends of the Burke Library of Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York, 1993; published on microfiche from originals in the Bodleian Library, Oxford); St. Raymundus de Penaforte, Summula Raymundi: Septem sacramenta ecclesiastica ingeniose complectens commentarijs ac succulentis glossis scientifici viri magistri Joannis Chappuis explanata atque enucleata (Parisijs: Ex officina Thielmanni Keruer, Anno Salutis .M.ccccc.xvj. Die xxiij. mensis Decembris; and other editions); see also the bibliography for Robbins MS 9, Robbins MS 11, Robbins MS 33, Robbins MS 99.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xv; ii+43+ii ff. (for restoration and new binding, see Binding, below); 210x143 mm; cover: a. former 220x158 mm, b. present 220x 155 mm; 32-33 lines per page
ff. 1r-43v Berengarius Fredoli, Summula in foro poenitentiali [<Summa poenitentialis, Directorium sacerdotum, Tractatus de confessione>]
a. ff. 1r-13r <Prima pars>
Inc.: "In primis debet sacerdos In terrogare [sic] penitentem utrum sciat Pater noster …"
Exp.: " … quadam prima tenetur uobis in hoc accipite et ita erit in bono statu"
b. ff. 13r-26r <Secunda pars>
Inc.: "Nota quod antiqua pedagia possunt peti et accipi que fuerint instituta ab imperatoribus et regibus …"
Exp.: " … hec sufficiant de penitentia maxime simplicibus qui non possunt maiora capere et licet opus sit breue possunt tamen inde habere doctrinam ualde utilem et eis necessariam"
c. ff. 26r-34v <Tertia pars>
Inc.: "Quoniam in foro penitentiali sepe occurunt casus et questiones matrimoniales atque dubia …"
Exp.: " … et si crederet ceteros et infidelis et hereticus iudicaretur Explicit summa Magistri Raymundi"
d. ff. 34v-43r <Quarta pars>
Inc.: "Exposicio supra pater noster Pater noster Que .vij. partes habet Prima est captatio beniuolentie …"
Exp.: " … Nonne [?] lacrime uiduarum ad maxillas descendunt et ex clamacio earum super deducentes Explicit liber iste sit tibi laus et gloria christe Amen"
The scribe confuses this work with the Summa of St. Raymund de Penafort (see Explicit of the Tertia pars).
Ruled in black lead; pricks in the margins to guide the ruling. Foliated in pencil at the Robbins Collection in August 2001 (see Binding, below). Chapter titles, initials, and paragraph signs in red ink; one initial in red and blue ink (f. 34v); a few capitals touched in red. Marginal digits in brown ink (man. sec.); the hand that has traced the digits has also written the only marginal note appearing at the bottom of f. 24r.
Ownership mark on f. 1r, in a 16th-century hand: "Iste libellus fuit quodam Domini …" The portion bearing the name of the owner was cut out.
Binding: the previous binding, detached from the
manuscript at the time of the acquisition, is now kept separately; it is
a legal document on vellum, dated 29 April 1580, and involving one Antonio
de Fraia of Puteoli (civitas Putheolorum). Various modern annotations
in pencil: "MS 43;" "Summa 4o;" "De M." (Sotheby’s—see Bibliography,
below—hypothesizes that the initials refer to De Marinis); several inventory
numbers. Title on spine: "Summula casuum conscienciae."
The manuscript was restored and rebound by Linda Ogden at the Robbins Collection in August 2001: the leaves were dry-cleaned, new end papers were added, and the volume was covered with limp vellum (Ms. Ogden’s full conservation treatment report on file, together with the previous binding described above, fragments of sewing and spine lining, and the photographs taken before and after the treatment.)
Collation (described January 1986): 1-28 3-410 57. Catchwords.
secundo folio: in terrogaciones [sic]
Early provenance: Sotheby’s (see Bibliography, below) believes that "the book may well have been made in the Aragonese Kingdom of Naples;" an anonymous typewritten description of British provenance kept in file at the Robbins Collection suggests a Dominican origin in the region of Naples.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1985 from Sotheby’s.
Bibliography: Sotheby’s, Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, London, 26 November 1985, no. 102; Murano, Initia operum iuris canonici;Dolezalek et al., compls., Manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law, s. v. "MS Wien, ÖNB, cvpl 4926, 34-74;" P. Michaud-Quantin, "La ‘Summula in foro poenitentiali’ attribuée à Bérenger Frédol," Studia Gratiana 11 (1967): 145-167. For other manuscripts now in European collections including partial or complete versions of this work, see Bloomfield et al., Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 230, no. 2625; ibid., 420, nos. 4953 and 4954; ibid., 642, no. 8802. For another manuscript now in the US including the work, see De Ricci, Census, 2:1444 (New York, NY, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M. 414).
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Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xviii; 80 pp., nine originally unbound fascicles of various sizes, as follows: 1. 300x210 mm; 2. 304x210 mm (article comprised of 3 originally unbound fascicles); 3. 269x200 mm; 4. 267x200 mm; 5. 270x1195 mm; 6. 200x135 mm; 7. 196x130mm
<Collection of documents pertaining to the case of Miguel de Molinos>
1. 8 pp., originally numbered
154-160 [last page unnumbered]
<Anonimo,> La Politica secreta di Michele Molinos Scoperta da un Dottore, il quale essendo stato suo seguacio si è finalmente ravveduto, et hora siegue il partito della Santa Romana Chiesa
2. 12 pp., originally numbered
162-175 [last two pages blank, unnumbered]
<Curia Romana, Congregatio Sancti Inquisitionis Haereticae Pravitatis [Congregatio Romanae et Universalis Inquisitionis], Dichiarazione e sentenza contro Miguel de Molinos>
3. 8 pp., originally numbered
176-181 [last two pages blank, unnumbered]
<Curia Romana, Congregatio sancti inquisitionis haereticae pravitatis [Congregatio Romanae et Universalis Inquisitionis], Abiuratio Doctoris Michaelis de Molinos facta in Ecclesia S. Maria sopra Minerva Anno 1687>
4. 8 pp., originally numbered
182-188 [last page blank, unnumbered]
Ristretto del Processo, e Sentenza contro Michele Molinos d’Anni 60 di natione spagnuola dela Provincia d’Aragona, e Diocese di Saragoza
5. 4 pp., originally numbered
190-192 [last page blank, unnumbered]
<Cardinal Alderano Cybo, Letter on the Quietist movement> [Rome, 15 February 1687]
6. 28 pp., originally numbered
194-220 [last page blank, unnumbered]
Ristretto del Processo, e della Sentenza contro Michele Molinos seguita nella Chiesa della Minerva 1687
7. 8 pp., originally numbered
222-224 [last five pages blank, unnumbered]
<Anonymous writer, Letter on the abjuration by Pietro Pegna da Saragoza, secretary of Miguel Molinos> [not earlier than 1689-not later than 1709]
Original pagination in ink, contemporary with the copying of the individual fascicles. Repaginated in pencil at the Robbins Collection, April 2004.
Article 1, written in the first person, is a denunciation
of Quietist practices by one of Molinos’s former followers.
Articles 4 and 6 are two different versions of the summary of accusations and the sentence against Miguel de Molinos, read in Rome in the Church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva on 3 September 1687.
Alderano Cybo (1613-1700), the author of the letter against Quietism in article 5, was created cardinal by Pope Innocent X on 6 March 1645 and later appointed Relator of the Office of the Apostolic Signature.
Article 7 includes the date 1689 at the top of the first page; the letter, however, must have been written many years later, as on the third page of this document the writer mentions that Cardinal [Francesco Maria] de’ Medici has been made Protector of Spain and the Empire—an event that, in fact, happened in 1703. Francesco Maria de’ Medici (1660-1711), Florentine, son of Grand Duke Ferdinand I, was created a cardinal by Pope Innocent XI on 2 September 1686 and resigned his position on 19 June 1709.
Previously kept in a folder; title on folder, in a modern hand: "(Molinos (De), Miguel). Raccolta di documenti manoscritti sull’eretico spagnolo Miguel de Molinos." Bound by Linda Ogden for the Robbins Collection in 2004.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1989.
Bibliography: "Propositiones 68 Michaelis de Molinos damnatae ab Innocentio XI. Constitutione "Coelestis Pastor" etc. 20 Nov. 1687," in Enchiridion symbolorum et definitionum, quae de rebus fidei et morum a conciliis oecumenicis et summis pontificibus emanarunt, ed. Heinrich Denzinger, 5th ed. (Wirceburgi: Sumptibus et typis Stahelianis, 1874), 227-35; Miguel de Molinos, Guida spirituale: che disinvolge l' anima e la conduce per l' interior cammino all'acquisto della perfetta contemplazione e del ricco tesoro della pace interior (Rome: Michele Hercole, 1675; reprint, Naples: F. Perrella, 1908); Catholic Church, Congregatio Romanae et Universalis Inquisitionis, La condemnation du docteur Molinos, & de la secte des quietistes: decret de la Saincte Romaine & Universelle Inquisition, donné en l'assemblée generale tenuë dans le palais apostolique, du mont Quirinal, le jeudy 28 du mois d'aoust de l'année 1687: en presence de nostre Sainct Pere le pape Innocent XI & des eminentissimes & reverendissimes cardinaux de la Ste Eglise Romaine, inquisiteurs generaux dans toute la republique chrêtienne & specialement deputés du St. Siege apostolique: contre la malice de l'heresie. [Np., n.p.], l'an 1687; J.-P. Migne, Dictionnaire des cardinaux contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète, par ordre alphabétique, des cardinaux de tous les temps …(Paris: J.-P. Migne, 1857; reprint, Farnborough, Hants.: Gregg International Publishers, 1969), col. 679 (for Cardinal Cybo) and col. 1232 (for Cardinal de’ Medici).
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[Not on shelf at the time of the compilation of the draft catalogue, 1994.
Identification from Diamond and Hood, Catalogue, 49:
Synodus Melevitana prima … per Michaelem Hieronymium de Molina
218 ff., Rome: Ex typographia A. Bernabo, 1681]
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Codex membranaceous, England, s. xv ex.; vi+145+iii ff.; 124x90 mm; cover 135x100 mm; writing space 80x60 mm
1. f. vi [vii]r-v
<Anonymus, Celum multiplex est>
Inc.: "Celum Aerium Etherium Olympium Igneum …"
Exp.: " … a centro terre usque ad centrum celi Saturni qod est septimum celum septem milia annorum"
2. ff. 1r-142v
William Lyndwood, Constitutiones provinciales ecclesiae anglicanae
a. ff. 1r-20r <Liber primus>
Inc.: "De summa trinitate Peccham Ignorancia sacerdotum et infra Ne quis per ignoranciam se excuset quin sciat articulos fidei …"
Exp.: " … per hoc conuinci ualeant parti lese ad interesse et restituenda dampna [sic] omnia teneantur"
b. ff. 20r-32r <Liber secundus>
Inc.: "Incipit liber secundus de iudicijs Oxon. Primo In causis et infra Statuimus ut decani rurales nullam causam matrimonialem de cetero audire presumant …"
Exp.: " … Et omnes illos qui ad huiusmodi obseruacionem statuti prestiterint iuramentum absoluuimus [sic] ab eodem"
c. ff. 32r-101r <Liber tertius>
Inc.: "Incipit liber iij de uita et honestate clericorum ox. io Ut clericalis ordinis honor debitus obseruetur …"
Exp.: " … cum per eos in ecclesia dei per talia presumpta scandalum guretur[?]"
d. ff. 101r-103v <Liber quartus>
Inc.: "Incipet liber iiij de sponsalibus et matrimonijs Oxon. ijo Walterus Matrimonium sicut alia sacramenta cum honore et reuerencia…"
Exp.: " … sibi competencia ab antiquo interesse presumpserit penam in ea latam subeat ipso facto"
e. ff. 103v-142v <Liber quintus>
Inc.: "Incipit liber vus de accusacionibus siue denunciacionibus Edmundus Sint in quolibet decanatu duo uel tres uiri …"
Exp.: " … omni censura fore canonice compellendos Expliciunt constituciones prouinciales secundum Compilacionem Williami Lyndewode quondam meneuie episcopi Cuius Anime propitietur Deus"
3. ff. 142v-143r
<Ista sentencia pronuncietur post aspersionem aque benedicte>
Inc.: "De autoritate dei patris omnipotentis et filij et spiritui sancti et sancte marie matris … excomunicamus et anathematizamus …"
Exp.: " … ita extinguantur anime eorum ante vinentem [sic] deum nisi ad satisfaccionem et ad emendacionem venerint fiat fiat amen"
4. ff. 143v-144r <Tabula constitutionum provincialium secundum ordinem librorum>
Ruled in dry point and ink; pricks in the margins
to guide the ruling.
Foliation in modern hand, in pencil; flyleaves i-vi numbered ii-vii, front pastedown numbered i; flyleaves vii-ix numbered vii-ix, back pastedown numbered x; f. 145 blank, numbered.
Book and chapter titles, line fillers, and rubrics in red ink; decorated initials in blue and red ink. Marginal digits in brown ink; marginal notes in two hands: one is that of the scribe who copied the Constitutiones, the other—the hand of articles 3 and 4 above.
Collation: 1-212 310 4-511
610 712 810 98 10-1112
1211 1312 141. Catchwords.
Binding: 15th-century leather over boards; there might have been one clasp, now missing. Four raised bands on spine, five compartments. The manuscript is now kept in a modern cardboard box covered with dark brown leather; title on spine of box: "William Lyndewode Constituciones provinciales MS. SAEC. XV."
On front pastedown, a short text in a 15th-century hand: " … casti humiles et abstinenciam habentes …," and an owner’s mark in a 16th-century hand: "Johanes Bo…"
Another owner’s mark, in a 15th-century hand, on f. ixv: "Iste liber constat Johanni Buxtu… pappellaro[?]." The hand that wrote articles 3 and 4, different from the hand of the main text, has also traced one paragraph on f. 144v: "Sentencia excomunicacionis promulgantur prima dominica … post festum assumpcionis beate marie." Note on f. 93r, in an 18th-century hand: "Lindini."
At some point in the late 19th-early 20th century the book was in the library of James Patrick Ronaldson Lyell (b. 1871; his bookplate on front pastedown, with the motto "Viam aut inveniam aut faciam"). Old shelf marks on f. i(ii)r: "182," and f. ii(iii)r: "C," respectively.
secundo folio: seu uera carnis
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in the mid-1980s from Quaritch.
Bibliography: William Lyndwood, Constitutiones provinciales Ecclesiae Anglicanae ([Oxford : Theodoric Rood, 1483]); ibid., Prouinciale seu Constitutiones Anglie, cum summarijs atque iustis annotationibus politissimis caracteribus summaque accuratione rursum reuise atque impresse (Antwerpie impressum, impensis francisci Brickman Anno salutis nostre Millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo quinto xx die Decembris); and other editions.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xvii in./med.; iii+XLVII+440+iii ff.; 260x200 mm; cover 270x205 mm
1. ff. Ir-XXVIr <Index rerum>
2. ff. XXVIIr- XLVIIv Ecclesiae propositae in Consistorijs
3. ff. 1r-439r <Catholic Church, Papal Consistory,> Acta Sacri Consistorij sub diuersis Sum. Pont. A die Prima Januarij 1575 per totum annum 1595 descripta per Cardinalem de Sancta Seuerina
Contemporary foliation in ink, in the hand that has copied the entire manuscript, on ff. 1-440; ff. I-XLVII unnumbered; ff. XLIII-XLVII and 440 blank.
Binding: leather over cardboard, with a cardinal’s coat of arms stamped in gold on both front and back cover. Four bands on spine, five compartments. Title on a paper label attached to the spine: "Cons[istorij] sub Diversi[bus] Pontificibus ab anno 1575 ad 1595 Descripta per Cardinalem de Sancta Severina."
The manuscript contains copies of the minutes of the secret and public papal consistories covering the years 1575 (first entry dated 19 January of that year) to 1595 (last entry dated 11 December of that year). The reigning popes relevant for the period in question are Gregory XIII, Sixtus V, Urban VII, Gregory XIV, Innocent IX, and Clement VIII. The cardinal mentioned in the title of article 3 and on the spine is in all probability Lucio de Sanseverino, created in 1621 by Pope Gregory XV; Cardinal Sanseverino, Archbishop of Rossano for twenty years, the founder of the seminary there, and Metropolitan of Salerno, died in 1623.
At one time the manuscript was part of the collection assembled by Sir Thomas Phillipps (Phillipps label on spine: "6297"); Libreria Colonna bookshop stamp on ff. ir, 439v.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1983, possibly from H. P. Kraus.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy [Habsburg Empire], s. xviii ex.; iii+213+i ff.; 276x197 mm; cover 294x210 mm
Acta Synodi Provincialis Goritiensis de anno 1768
<a> ff. 1r-6r Carlo Michele (Carl Michael), Count of Attems-Petzenstein, First Metropolitan of Gorizia (Görz), Oratio in aperitionem Synodi Provincialis
<b> ff. 6r-210r Constitutiones et Decreta in Provinciali Synoda Goritiensis edita Anno 1768
<c> ff. 210r-213v Carlo Michele d’Attems, Oratio in dimissionem Synodi Provincialis
Written in several different hands. Marginal notes. Contemporary foliation; catchwords.
Articles 1 and 3 are copies of the opening and closing statements by Archbishop d’Attems (1711-1774), made on 15 October 1768 and on 18 October 1768, respectively. The materials were originally collated by one Johannes Petrus Barbadicus, acting delegate notary (f. 208r).
At one time the manuscript was part of the collection assembled by Sir Thomas Phillipps (his label on spine: "7312;" and "7312 Ph." in pencil on front pastedown); other library shelfmarks: "1015" and "58," both in pencil on front pastedown. Libreria Colonna stamps on ff. iir, iiir, 1r, 213v, ivv.
Binding: paper over cardboard; spine worn and faded.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1983 from H. P. Kraus.
Bibliography: Chiara de Nicolo, Daniela Fain, Alessandra Martina, and Luigi Tavano, "Fonti archivistiche su C. M. d’Attems a Gorizia," in Carlo M. d’Attems, primo arcivescovo di Gorizia 1752-1774 fra Curia Romana e stato absburgico, 2 vols. (Gorizia: Istituto di Storia Sociale e Religiosa, Istituto per gli Incontri Culturali Mitteleuropei, 1988), 1:59-99; see especially p. 99 for the identification of two relevant manuscripts, both in the Biblioteca Civica di Gorizia: MS 113 is an 1870 copy, made from the exemplar found in the de Grazia library, of the Scritti illustrativi il Sinodo quasi provinciale Goriziano del 1768, and MS 151bis is an 18th-century copy of the Acta Synodi Provincialis Goritiensis de anno 1768; see also Gabriele de Rosa, "Il sinodo provinciale del 1768," in Carlo M. d’Attems, 2:343-70.
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Codex membranaceous, Italy, s. xiii med.; iii+114+iii ff.; 280x175 mm; cover 290x176 mm; writing space 230x135 mm; script: littera bononiensis; text arranged in two columns, 65 lines per column
ff. 1r-113r Goffredus Tranensis, Summa super titulis Decretalium
<a.> ff. 1r-31v Liber primus
Inc.: "Glossarium diuersitas intelligenciam textus non nunquam obtenebrat …"
Exp.: " … cum pena assumpti non agitur quia <non suppl.> transit in rem iudicatam ut superius dictum est et <probatur suppl.> C. eo. ti. li Explicit liber primus"
<b.> ff. 31v-54r Liber secundus
Inc.: "Incipit liber secundus de judiciis Explicitis quibusdam iudiciorum preparatoriis …"
Exp.: " … Vel solet plus timeri etc. ut xxiii dist. Capitulum xl distin. quis nesciat Explicit liber secundus"
<c.> ff. 54r-75r Liber tertius
Inc.: "Incipit tercius De vita et honestate clericorum Finito tractatu iudiciorum …"
Exp.: " … constitucio super specula fit penalis et ad alios quam exprimat extendi non debet Explicit liber tercius"
<d.> ff. 75r-86v Liber quartus
Inc.: "Incipit liber quartus de sponsalibus et matrimonio Postquam de his que ad clericos pertinent superius satis tractaui …"
Exp.: " … ut ff. de divorcio l. uxores secundum iura canonica non tenet"
<e.> ff. 88r-113r Liber quintus
Inc.: "Explicit quartus Incipit liber quintus de accusacionibus inquisicionibus et denunciacionibus Proxime tractauimus de accusacione matrimonii …"
Exp.: " … non omnes qui summam habituri sunt habeant apparatum et propterea malui reperi quam deesse Explicit hec summa [Pro summe summo Regis sit gloria summa man. altera]"
Ff. i-iii paper, attached at the time of the binding (see below, Binding); ff 87, 114 blank, numbered; ff. iv-vi parchment, unnumbered, part of the original book. Horizontal tears sewn in zigzag, with green thread, on ff. 100, 101.
Written by two different scribes, as follows: ff. 1-86, man. pr.; ff. 87-113, man. sec.
Book and chapter titles in red ink. Chapter initials and paragraph signs in red and blue ink. Marginal notes and a few marginal corrections in at least two different hands; marginal digits in brown ink. The diagram of an arrow-shaped arbor consanguinitatis (Schadt’s Type 7, see Bibliography below) occupies the upper half of f. 81r; red, blue, and black ink were used to trace the diagram, the decorations contained therein, and the border surrounding the arbor proper. An incomplete diagram of an arbor affinitatis, with the cells present but unlabeled, occupies the upper half of f. 82r; like the diagram representing the arbor consanguinitatis, this one, too, was traced with red, blue, and black ink.
Collation: 110 2-38 412 5-98 109 11-1212 134 142. Catchwords.
Binding (after restoration): leather over boards; four raised bands on spine; five compartments; four closures. Signatures in pencil. From Bernard Rosenthal’s description of the manuscript (see below, Acquisition) it appears that in 1985 the original back cover was still present, while the front cover was gone. Restoration work was performed by Philip Dusel of Davis, California, in August 1985 (description on file).
Notes on back pastedown, in a 15th-century handwriting: "Super omnia bona," and "compos vero? Id est …;" and "Pamphilus—Credo quod interdum multis mendacia prosunt Et quoque nocet omnia vera loqui." Further down the page, in a different hand, an owner’s mark, giving a date in the late fifteenth century, the owner’s name (a member of the Venetian House of Contarini), the circumstances under which the book became his, and that it cost him 2 Ducats; based on the ortography of several different words in the text, as well as the owner’s name, it can be inferred that at this stage in its history the book was in Venice or its vicinity: "1471 adi primo [zenaio?] Que[s]ta Summa de gofredo sara tuta la decreta zoe in raxon chanonicha si xe de mi francisco contarini fiol de misser Agustin la qual me vene duchati do zoe ? 12 Z 8.” Another group of notes on the last two flyleaves, in a third hand, written with a stylus; Bernard Rosenthal (see below) hypothesizes that the notes seem to include an English name (" … iudex Johannes de Wekydd?").
Old shelfmarks on front pastedown and at the bottom of f. 1r, in pencil, presumably in the hand of Bernard Rosenthal of San Francisco (see below, Acquisition): "MS 90."
secundo folio: propter ius aut
Acquired for the Robbins Collection from Bernard Rosenthal, who had purchased it in 1985 and whose description of the manuscript is kept on file.
Bibliography: For a list of manuscripts of the Summa
now in European libraries, see Dolezalek et al., Manuscripts of Canon law
and Roman law, at
see also Gottofredo da Trano, Summa perutilis et valde necessaria domini Goffredi de Trano super titulis decretalium nouissime cum Repertorio et numeris principalium et emergentium questionum (Lugduni: In edibus Magistri Ioannis moytin alias decambray … Anno a virginis partu 1519 die secunda mensis iunij; facsimile reprint, Berlin: Scientia Verlag, 1968). For the two diagrams, see Hermann Schadt, Die Darstellungen der Arbores Consanguinitatis und der Arbores Affinitatis: Bildschemata in juristischen Handschriften (Tübingen: Verlag Ernst Wasmuth, 1982), 144 ff.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xviii in./med.; i+449 ff.; 262x190 mm for the printed portions; 275x220 for most of the manuscript portions; written by several copyists at various dates, in Italian and Latin
The book is comprised of a manuscript section and a printed section, bound together as one volume. The printed portion is catalogued in Innopac—the electronic catalogue of the Law Library at UC Berkeley—as MS 116, Sommario d’alcuni documenti allegati nel discorso legale sopra il progetto d’accomondamento etc.
The printed portion, bound at the front of the book, is comprised of the following documents, all of the 1720s and 1730s:
1. ff. 1r-19v <Progetto di accommodamento sopra le Controuersie tra la S. Sede, e la Maestà del Rè di Sardegna>
2. ff. 20r-24vSommario d'alcuni documenti allegati nel discorso legale sopra il progetto d'accomodamento etc.
3. ff. 25r-59rRelazioni originali degl'attentati fatti contro l'immunità, e Giurisdizione Ecclesiastica nel Dominio di Sauoia
4. ff. 60r-149rBrevia, declarationes, decreta, monitoria, etc. mandata S. M. Clementis XI super immunitate ecclesiastica et materijs Feudalibus Pedemontis ...
5. ff. 150r-155vPraeceptum vigore chirographi Sanctissimi
6. ff. 156r-164v <Sommario dell’Indulto di Papa Niccolò V concesso al Re di Sardegna>
7. 165v-176rIndultum Nicolai V concessum Ludouico Duci Sabaudie
8. 177r-185rRelazioni originali trasmesse alla Santità di nostro Signore dai Vescoui del Piemonte...
The manuscript portion is comprised of the following documents:
9. ff. 186r-264v <Scrittura del Regio Exequatur negli stati del Re di Sardegna>
10. ff. 265r-279r <Lettere anonime scritte agl’amici di Torino sopra tal affare>
11. ff. 280r-291vProgetto d’accomodamento sopra le Controversie che vertono trà la S. Sede e la Maestà del Rè di Sardegna
12. ff. 292r-332vConcordati
fatti trà la Santa Sede Apostolica ed il Rè di Sardegna nel
tempo della Santa Memoria di Benedetto XII3
[12. a ff. 333v-334r] Copia di Breve Epistolare della Santità di Benedetto XIII al Rè Vittorio Amadeo in data delli (sic) 12 luglio 1727
[12. b ff. 334v] Copia di Breve Epistolare della Santità di Papa Benedetto XIII al Rè Vittorio Amadeo in data de 17 Novembre 1728
13. ff. 335r-344rProve dei Motivi dell’Aggiustamento nelle Materie d’Immunità e Giurisdizione
14. ff. 345r-347v <Early church canons: Carthage, Millet, Chalcedon, and others; excerpts from the Valentinian Constitution>
15. ff. 348r-388v Gian Antonio di Luca, <Discorso generale intorno alle materie d’immunità>
16. ff. 389r-435v Gian Antonio di Luca, <Del Regio exequatur>
Followed by one printed article:
17. ff. 436r-449vMotivi di Papa Benedetto XIII per i quali la Santità Sua ha passate in pubblico Consistoro ... le abazie di Selve, Novalese, et Sitz, e la cattedrale d’Agosta
Foliated at the Robbins Collection in February 2004.
Binding: limp vellum; title on spine: "Controver. tra la S. Sede e il Rè di Sardegna stamp. e MS." Several fascicles are loose. The manuscript is in need of repair
The book is a collection of documents concerned with the
controversy between the Vatican and the King of Sardinia over ecclesiastical
immunity and regalian rights in Savoy and Piedmont at the beginning of the 18th
century. Titles shown above in angular brackets are from the Index of titles
appearing on the front flyleaf (f. ir).
At one time the manuscript belonged in the collection of Frederick North, Fifth Earl of Guilford; then it became Phillipps manuscript 5141 (Phillipps number in pencil on the front flyleaf; Phillipps tag on spine). It was purchased by the Robbins Collection from H. P. Kraus.
Bibliography: Boggio, Pier Carlo, La Chiesa e lo stato in Piemonte: sposizione storico-critica dei rapporti fra la S. Sede e la Corte di Sardegna dal 1000 al 1854 compilata su documenti inediti. Torino: Tip. scolastica di Sebastiano Franco, 1854.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy or Spain, s. xviii med.; i+93+ii ff.; 308x212 mm; cover 323x224 mm; text arranged in one column on the left-hand side of each page
ff. 1r-93v Anonymus, Brevis canonici iuris historia
a. ff. 1r-6r <Prohemium>
Inc.: "Nemo profecto [sic], adeo variarum lecterarum ignaeus atque expers invenitur ut ei in dubium …"
Exp: " … non auctoritate Pontifica, sed privata tantum hominis collectoris […] concinnata faciunt."
b. ff. 6r-32r Liber primus
Inc.: "Tit<ulus> primus Jus canonicum quod et a pluribus ius sacrum nuncupatur, eo quod ex Divinis Oraculis et Apostolorum praeceptis …"
Exp.: " … videtur non ex Iure Divino sed ex [legi non potest] humano Clericorum exemptiones dum Personales [legi non potest] Reales prodire."
c. ff. 32r-67r Liber secundus
Inc.: "Personas Res excipiunt quo nomine comprehenduntur Sacramentae Ecclesiae, Beneficia, Pensiones …" Titulus 1 De sacramentis Sacramenti signifatio [sic] multiplex esse solet …"
Exp.: " … dantque ejus exempla in Chalcedonensi Concilio … parte secunda titulo vigesimo octavo"
d. ff. 67r-78r <Liber tertius>
Inc.: "Titulus 1 De Eclesiastica [sic] Jurisdictione Potestate[m?] a Christo Eclesiae [sic] data ex [et?] eis verbis repetenda […] videtur Qui vos audit me audit …"
Exp.: " … libro quarto Institutionum Civilium Titulo De officio Judicis [Addas?] nonnullas […] […] libro quarto"
e. ff. 78r-93v Liber quartus
Inc.: "Titulus Primus De Eclesiastica in criminalibus causis Jurisdictione Nunc de Judiciis nobis [erit?] agendum. Porro Clericorum delicta …"
Exp.: " … de totius Canonici Juris disciplinam ad presens […] sufficient Laus Deo, et Mariae et S. Juveni Aloysio Gonzage"
The manuscript was foliated in pencil in February
2003 at the Robbins Collection. The tightness of the binding makes it difficult
to read the words written in the inner margins of the manuscript—as is
the case, for instance, with the explicit of Liber I.
The text and notes are in the same hand. Throughout the first half of the manuscript the notes are in Latin; in the second half, the scribe/commentator switches to Italian. The title of Liber tertius is erroneously given as Pars II.
The manuscript appears to have been copied in a Jesuit environment, either in Spain or in Italy, as the last line in the text includes the name of St. Aloysius Gonzaga (1568-1591), a Jesuit. The writing must have been completed after 1726—the date of canonization of Aloysius by Pope Benedict XIII, following the canonization of 1621 by Pope Gregory XV.
Binding: vellum, hardback. Title on spine: "Hist. Iuri Cano."
The manuscript once belonged in the collection assembled by Sir Thomas Phillipps (his label on spine), where it was numbered MS 5446 (number in pencil on front pastedown).
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Codex chartaceous, Germany (?), s. xviii in.; iii+125+viii ff.; 150x100 mm; cover 152x103 mm
ff. 1r-125r Collectaneum Juris Canonici Congestum
Inc.: "Abbatissa potest conferre […] et Preficia et instituere clericos
Exp.: " ... Ille non iustus est, qui intelligit iusta, sed qui ex voluntate iuste agit"
Ff. 1-95 foliated in ink, in the hand that has copied the entire manuscript; ff. 96-125 foliated in pencil, in a modern hand; ff. iv-xi blank, foliated as 126-133, in the same modern hand.
Binding: reused parchment (fragments from other manuscripts) over cardboard. Title on spine: "Miscellanea Juridica, 1700." Old shelfmark pencilled in red on front pastedown: "K12;" same shelfmark pencilled in red on back pastedown, together with a date: 24/8/75.
At the beginning of the 18th century the book was the property of one Johannes Henricus Reichart (owner's mark and a date, 1709, at the bottom of f. iiir); it might have been no. 2349 in his library (number on f. iiir). An old shelfmark—"K12," pencilled in red—appears on both the front and back pastedowns.
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1984.
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Codex chartaceous, Germany (?), s. xvii med.; 171 ff.; 208x167 mm; cover 212x165 mm
1. ff. 1r-81v Exercitas generalis prima de casibus conscienciae
a. ff. 1r-v Prefatio
Inc.: "Theologia scholastica quemadmodum ex causis dictis facile constare potest ..."
Ex.: " ... Sectionibus tractatum hunc absolvemus: quarum prima erit de consciencia, secunda de legibus, tercia de actibus humanis in [ ... ], quarta de peccatis, quinta de poenis spiritualibus peccatorum, sexta de censuris ecclesiasticis."
b. ff. 1v-27r Sectio prima: De conscienciis
Inc.: "Punctum primum Quid sit consciencia Et quotuplex Nota primo quod sicut naturaliter nobis indita sunt principia speculabilium ..."
Exp.: " ... hoc ipso approbare doctrinam quod sit probabilis speculative sed non quod sit probabilis practice."
c. ff. 27r-40r Sectio secunda: De legibus seu
de externa actuum humanorum regula
Inc.: "Lex sive ab ligando secundum D. Tho., sive ab legendo secundum Isidorum, sive ab eligendo secundum Augustinum ..."
Exp.: " ... cum praeiudicio triplici legum ecclesiasticarum repleverint."
d. ff. 40r-52r Sectio tertia: De actibus humanis
in [ ...]
Inc.: "Actus humani dicuntur illi, qui procedunt ab voluntate deliberata ..."
Exp.: " ... re autem vera malis et distortis, actus ab solum male sonantes, sed enim intrinsece malos rectificari posse intendunt."
e. ff. 52r-61v Sectio quarta: De peccatis
Inc.: "Peccatum generaliter sumptum est defectus perfectionis debitae inesse ..."
Exp.: " ... hac enim ratione punitur pater in filijs, et Dominus in subditis."
f. ff. 61v-81v Sectio quinta: De censuris ecclesiasticis
Inc.: "Poena sequit culpam, velut effectus causam suam ..."
Exp.: " ... Et hactenus quidem de irregularitatibus et de toto primo tractatu theologiae nostrae moralis ad Gloriam Omnipotentis Dei Amen"
2. ff. 82r-171v Directorium Fori poenitentialis
a. ff. 82r-83r Prefatio
Inc.: "Si tanta in humanis cordibus Dei ferveret dilectio, tam [...] beneficiorum eius inhaereret recordatio ..."
Exp.: " ... quarum notitia et usus, utriusque confessario se et poenitenti utilissima sit."
b. ff. 83r-154v Pars prima: De scientia in confessario
Inc.: "Quam necessaria sacerdotibus et percipue confessarijs sit scientia declarat Gelasius Papa, dicens ..."
Exp.: " ... et absolutio nulla est, non tamen incurrit excommunicationem."
c. ff. 154v-171v Pars secunda: De potestate, bonitate
et prudentia confessarij
Inc.: "De scientia ad [ ... ] sacramenti poenitentiae administrationem in confessario requisita ..."
Exp./colophon: " ... vide de hac Indulgentiarum [...], Alios Auctores satius tractanctens [sic] et [legi non potest] Doctorem Angelicum Divum Thomam Aquin., in cuius festo Appendicem hanc, et totum [...] Directorium fori poenitentialis absolvimus Ad Laudem et Gloriam Omnipotentis Dei Amen. Amen."
Foliated at the Robbins Collection, March 2004. Small
insert (now numbered 64a) between ff. 64 and 65. The first 7 folios of
the second treatise were originally numbered 1-7; after f. 7, the original
foliation was discontinued.
The second tract was finished on the 7th of March (feast of St. Thomas Aquinas) of an unspecified year (colophon on f. 171v). Written in two different hands: the second scribe takes over at the bottom of f. 47r and continues all the way to the bottom of f. 48v; the remaining leaves are written by the first scribe.
Judgind by a note "Nihil hic omissum," appearing in the body of the text on f. 57v, the manuscript is a transcription copied in several stages, and of which certain portions were checked against the original by the copyist himself.
Collation: 1(3)-10(12)8 11(13)1 12(14)-22(24)8 232
Binding: cover made of one vellum leaf including text from the New Testament, bound over several layers of paper from a different manuscript; both the front and back pastedowns are from the same manuscript that was used in the making of the cover. Of the four original leather ties, only two remain. The manuscript as bound now is only a portion of what must have been a larger book: the first two fascicles of the original manuscript are missing, and the book begins with fascicle 3 (numbered at the top, inner left corner of f. 1r). The last line of a preceding tract can still be read at the top of the first folio: " ... facile superat et in delicias spirituales mertit." All the remaining fascicles were originally numbered at the top, inner left corner. Some water damage, some wormholes. Title on spine, in white ink: "Theol. scrip."
A note pencilled on the front pastedown, possibly by Brent Gration-Maxfield (whose ex-libris also appears at the top of this page, in the same hand), reads: "Anonymous manuscript on approx. 350 pp. 4to on ethics, civil and religious law. No Place or Date. But probably German (circa 1650)."
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1980.
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Codex chartaceous, Germany (?), s. xvii (?); i f.+233 pp.+iii ff.; 198x162 mm; cover 220x168 mm
1. pp. 1-215 Tractathus
[sic] primus: De poenitentia et extrema unctione
Inc.: "Poenitere si ethimologiam nobis spectememus [sic] est quasi poenam tenere ..."
Exp.: " ... sacerdotis ad salutem animae et corporis conferendam [ ... ] probanti [?]"
2. pp. 215-233 Tractatus
sextus: De sacramento matrimonij
Inc.: "De sacramento ordinis sive de sacra ordinare [...] breviter[?] definitus sacramentum ecclesiasticae potestatis ..."
Exp.: " ... ad honorem Dei BB virginis Mariae et omnium sanctorum [ ... ] [ ... ]."
Contemporary pagination in ink, with page numbers at the top corner; pp. 207-208 blank. Water damage affecting especially pp. 1-100.
Judging by the note "Nihil omissum reperies" appearing in the body of the text on p. 73, the manuscript is a transcription copied in several stages, and of which certain portions were checked against the original by the copyists themselves. Despite the title of article 2 (Tractatus sextus) there are, in fact, only two distinct tracts in this manuscript.
The manuscript was copied in several different hands. One of these—the hand that wrote twice the word "finis" at the end of the second tract—also wrote several Latin statements and isolated words, most of which have faded to the extent that they are no longer legible, on f. ivv (the last flyleaf); on the same page, a different hand wrote several lines in German, using Gothic characters.
Binding: parchment including a fragment from the New Testament, with the text arranged in two columns; spine very deteriorated, damage extending to back cover. Pp. 64-65 completely detached; pp. 221-222 nearly detached. Title on spine, in white ink: "Theol. scrip."
Sometime in the 17th century the book belonged to one Bernard Frink (?) (his ex libris at the bottom of p. 1). The manuscript was once in the collection of Brent Gration-Maxfield (ex libris on front pastedown, perhaps in his own hand, see Robbins MS 119A).
Acquired for the Robbins Collection from an unkown source in 1986.
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Codex chartaceous, Italy, s. xvii in.; v+330+x ff.; 280x212 mm; cover 295x220 mm
<Collection of documents pertaining to the religious wars of 1562-1598 and the reign of King Henry IV of France>
1. ff. 1r-6r Discorso per il quale si dimostra che il Papa non deve tardar più a ribenedire il Re di Navarra
2. ff. 7r-17r Informazione sopra la verificazione del editto chiamato del 77 fatto dal parlamento di Parigi co’l sommario di detto editto ... che il Re di Navarra hoggi di Francia si reconciliasse con la Chiesa Romana
3. ff. 19r-38v Dichiaratione del signor Duca d’Umena all’Illustrissimo legato circa l’elettione di Guisa
4. ff. 39r-65r Risposta del legato al Duca d’Umena
5. ff. 67r-75v <Giudizio sopra le guerre di Francia per causa di religione>
6. ff. 77r-187v <Delli effetti che la Lega ha prodotti et delli intentioni che hanno li Autori di essa avuto>
7. ff. 189r-213v Memoriale Henrici 4 Francorum Regis et Serenissimae Margaritae ad Sanctissimum Dominum Nostrum super nullitate matrimonij
8. ff. 213v-218v Breve Clementi VIII pro dispensatione matrimoniis inter Henricum IV et Margaritam filiam Henrici II
9. ff. 219r-223r Risolutio della Dieta tenuta in Soleta alli 29 di Gennaio dell’1602 per la rinnovatione della Confederatione tra Henrico IIIJ Re di Francia et di Navarra et li Ambassadori Svizzeri
10. ff. 225r-252r Osservationi nella prigionia del Conte d’Overnia, et del Duca di Birone, 1602
11. ff. 255r-256r Lettera del Cristianissimo Re di Francia et Navarra per la quale ordina alla Corte di Parlamento di Parigi che proceda contro al Duca di Birone, et complici della congiura contro la persona et stato di Sua Majesta
12. ff. 257r-259v Lettera del Duca di Birone Prigione nella Bastiglia al Re di Francia scritta di Luglio 1602
13. ff. 262r-264r Parole del signor della Forzè accompagnato da signori di S. Blanca Conte di Russi ... [ed altri] parenti di Monsignor di Birone prigione nella Bastiglia supplicando il Re a 17 di Luglio di salvar la vita al detto Signore
14. ff. 266r-270r Risposta all’osservationi mandati attorno nella prigionia del Conte di Overnia et del Duca di Birone 1602. In Roma
15. ff. 271r-286r Sanctissimo Domino Nostro <Expositio> Pro Henrico Principe Lotharingiae, Duce Barensi, et Catherina Franciae Sororae Regis Christianissimi
16. ff. 287r-292r Cum agitur di dispensando in aliquo Casu considerandum est
17. ff. 293r-301r Responsio ad quaestiones, quae Sanctissimus D. N. Clemens VIIJ singillatim coram se proposuit agitandas in causa Henrici Principis Lotharingiae, etc., et Catherinae Franciae Sororis Regis Christianissimi
18. ff. 303r-323v Responsio ad obiectiones in causa dispensationis matrimonij inter Henricum Principem Lotharingum etc., et Catherinam Franciae sorore Regis Christianissimi
19. 325r-330v Sanctissimo Domino Nostro Pro Henrico Principe Lotharingiae etc., et Catherina Franciae Sorore Regis Christianissimi
Original foliation at the top, right-hand corner of each folio. Ff. i-v, 18, 66, 76, 188, 224, 253, 254, 260, 261, 265, 302, 324, and vi-xvi blank. Manuscript comprised of documents of various provenances, written in several different hands but all probably copied during the first decade of the seventeenth century. A separate bifolium kept inside the book includes a contemporary table of contents titled "Indice delle cose, che si contengono in questo volume."
Judging by a contemporary marginal note on f. 1r ("5o libro"), this may be volume 5 of a multi-volume collection concerned with the life and reign of Henry of Navarre (1553-1610), King of France as Henry IV (1589-1610). The documents in the present volume do not go beyond the year 1602; they are concerned with the French religious wars of the 16th century, the conversion of Henry IV, his divorce and second marriage, and other affairs of the French kingdom in the early years of the 17th century.
Article 1 is an anonymous report written after the
abjuration of 25 July 1593 by Henry of Navarre (the event is mentioned
at the beginning of the document) and before his absolution by Pope Clement
VIII on 17 September 1595.
Article 2 refers to the Peace of Bergerac and the Edict of Poitiers (1577) following the sixth religious war between Huguenots and Catholics.
Article 3 reproduces the text of the statement by the Duke of Umena, Lieutenant General of France, in reference to the possible election of Charles, Duc de Guise, to the throne of France after the assassination of Henry III; the Duke of Guise was being supported by the members of the Catholic League, who rallied against the other candidate, Henry, King of Navarre—the successor to the throne according to Salic law.
Article 4 is a summary of the response made to this statement by the Papal Legate; the document takes the angle that, following the extinction of the line of Valois at the murder of Henry III, the election of a new king should be returned to the French people.
Article 5 is a commentary on the the religious wars in France, while article 6 summarizes the effects of the Catholic policies of the League led by the Duc de Guise.
Article 7 is a copy of the 1599 memorandum by Henry IV and his wife, Marguerite de Valois, sister of Charles IX of France and daughter of Henry II of France, addressed to the pope and stating the reasons for requesting the annulment of their marriage. Article 8 is a copy of Clement VIII’s brief granting this annulment.
Article 9 is a copy of the resolution adopted by the diet assembled on 29 January 1602 at Soletta (Solothurn, Soleure), Switzerland (the residence of the French ambassadors to the Swiss Diet until 1797), to renew the provisions of the concordate between Henry IV and the Swiss cantons.
Articles 10-14 are concerned with the case of Charles de Gontaut (ca. 1565-1602), Duc de Biron (Byron), Pair of France, and Marshall and Admiral of France, who was arrested and imprisoned in the Bastille on charges of high treason in May 1602, sentenced to death, and executed on 31 July of the same year. In addition, articles 10 and 14 include references to the case of Charles de Valois (1573-1650), Comte d’Auvergne and Duc d’Angoulême, also imprisoned in the Bastille under charges of treason as a result of conspiring with Henriette de’Entragues, his half-sister; he was released in 1616.
Articles 15-19 pertain to the arranging of papal dispensations needed to bring to a conclusion the marriage between Henry de Lorraine, Duc de Bar (1563-1624), a Catholic, and Catherine de Bourbon (1558 or 1559-1604), Henry IV’s sister and a stubborn Calvinist. Henry and Catherine were married in 1599 or 1600.
Binding: vellum, four ties; title on spine on a frail
and very deteriorated label: "... zie into<rno> <alle> <reconc>ciliazioni
[legi non potest] Chies. Dispensa<zioni> <Matri>monio &
At some point the manuscript was part of the collection assembled by Sir Thomas Phillipps (his no. 4578 on front pastedown and on spine). Folio iir is stamped with the initials "A. N."
Acquired for the Robbins Collection in 1985.
Bibliography: For a nearly contemporary account of the imprisonment of Charles de Gontaut, Duc de Biron, and Charles de Valois, Duc d’Angoulême, see Baptiste Legrain, Décade contenant la vie et gestes de Henry le Grand, Roy de France et de Navarre IIII. du nom (Rouen: chez la Veuve du Bosc, 1633), 789-91, 795-98, and 801-8. For a discussion of the conversion of Henry IV of France, see Leopold Ranke, The History of the Popes, transl. E. Foster, 3 vols. (London: Bell and Sons, 1889), 2:46-60; Adair G. Williams, "The Absolution of Henry of Navarre," The Journal of Modern History 6/4 (December 1934): 379-404.
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