Google began collecting its Book Search archive back in 2004. According to a lecture given by Pamela Samuelson at UC Berkeley, Google made arrangements with some university research libraries to scan books in their collections. In return, the libraries would get back a digital library of their collections.
Samuelson asserts that the settlement would give Google a monopoly over the biggest digital collection of books in the world. The settlement would also allow Google to sell orphan books and subscriptions to them – making it the first company ever with such a right. Another major problem with the settlement is that unless copyright owners opt out of the settlement, they are effectively opting in.