Program Format

The overall format of the hybrid option is as follows:

  • Spring Term (Online): Students will attend two fully online classes, consecutively, in the spring semester (January to May)
    • Fundamentals of U.S. Law (January – February, 3 units)
    • Followed by Introduction to Intellectual Property (March – May, 3 units)
  • Summer Term (In-residence): Students complete 16 units of in-residence instruction in Berkeley in the summer semester, May to August (including 2 units of Legal Research and Writing)
  • Fall Term (Online): Students complete two credits in the fall semester (September to December)
    • A 1-unit online course on a cutting-edge topic in business and IP law (September)
    • A 1-unit capstone writing project (September to December)


Mandatory Core Curriculum

The mandatory core curriculum for the hybrid option are as follows. All of the mandatory courses are completed online, with the exception of Legal Research and Writing.

1. Fundamentals of U.S. Law

Students study the sources of U.S. law and the structure of the U.S. court system. Students also learn the fundamentals of the case method of legal education and statutory construction, and study how cases progress through the American court system. The course will also explore topics of judicial review, federalism, separation of powers, and the practical and political limitations of these concepts. Students will then use case analysis skills to examine landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases.

2. Legal Research and Writing

In this class, each student researches and writes a 15- to 20-page research memorandum addressing a compelling issue in contemporary law. Through this writing exercise students learn predictive legal reasoning.  Students also complete other, shorter assignments throughout the term, including an introduction to Bluebook citation. Research instruction is integrated into the writing assignments, and includes mainly on-line but also a few traditional book-based resources. Students receive extensive written comments and attend one-on-one conferences on their papers. 

3. Introduction to Intellectual Property 

This course introduces students to the main features of modern intellectual property law in the United States and provides a gateway to Boalt’s Law and Technology program. It covers federal patent, copyright, and trademark law along with trade secrets and other forms of state law protection. The course also considers important policy arguments that are commonly used to explain or criticize existing doctrine.

4. Advanced Topic in Business and IP Law

Students complete a short course (1 unit) in an advanced, cutting-edge issue of business and IP law. 

5. Capstone Writing Project

The capstone project will consist of a 20-page capstone paper that will represent a synthesis of a number of legal issues that students have learned during their studies. The capstone project will require students to tie together and analyze at least two distinct areas of law, and it will be reviewed by two faculty members.


Elective Curriculum

Students enrolled in the LL.M. hybrid option may customize their studies with elective courses during their summer term in Berkeley. Students may choose to pursue coursework to receive a Certificate of Specialization and/or to meet the educational requirements to become eligible to register for the California Bar Examination. 


Elective Courses

  • Administrative Law
  • Antitrust
  • Business Associations
  • Client Communications
  • Civil Procedure
  • Contracts
  • Constitutional Law
  • Copyright
  • Corporate Finance
  • Cybersecurity
  • Evidence
  • Foundations of Environmental Law
  • Fundamentals of U.S. Law
  • Information Privacy Law
  • International Business Transactions
  • International Environmental Law
  • Introduction to Intellectual Property
  • Legal Ethics
  • Mergers and Acquisitions
  • Mini MBA
  • Patent Law
  • Public Speaking
  • Renewable Energy Law
  • Securities Regulation
  • Torts
  • Trademark Law
  • Video Game Law

View detailed course descriptions for all summer courses at the Schedule of Classes.*
*This list is subject to change.

Courses in the summer term of the hybrid option are intensive, each 1-3 weeks in duration, followed immediately by a final exam. Hybrid students study exclusively with other LL.M. students in all of their courses. Because of the intensive format, students complete on average 1-2 courses every 3 weeks. The summer term is divided into 4 quarters, each three weeks long.