Frequently Asked Questions

What are the basic admissions requirements?
International applicants for the LL.M. program must hold an undergraduate or graduate law degree (LL.B., LL.M., etc.) from a foreign institution, and have an acceptable TOEFL or IELTS score if English is not their primary language. U.S.-educated LL.M. applicants must hold a J.D. degree from an accredited U.S. law school. See a list of minimum degree requirements by country

I don’t hold a law degree, but I took courses in law and/or have work experience in law. May I apply?
No, applicants to the LL.M. program must hold a law degree equivalent to a J.D. or LL.B.

I already hold an LL.M. from another U.S. university. May I still apply to Berkeley Law’s LL.M. program?
No, we cannot accept LL.M. applications from applicants who have already earned an LL.M. from a US university. If you wish to study at Berkeley Law, you may consider applying for the J.S.D. program instead.

What is the minimum GPA requirement for applicants?
Berkeley Law does not have a specific minimum GPA requirement for LL.M. applicants. Anyone who meets the above basic requirements may apply.

Is there a work requirement?
No. Although work experience may be a positive factor in an application, it is not required.

When is the application deadline?
Applications for the LL.M. executive track option A must be submitted by November 15, 11:59PM Pacific Time. Applications for the LL.M. traditional track, thesis track, or executive track option B must be submitted by December 18, 11:59PM Pacific Time. This includes the online application form as well as all postmarking other materials such as transcripts, letters of recommendation, and English test scores. The online application can take quite some time to complete and submit, so applicants are strongly encouraged to begin early.

Is the application deadline strictly enforced?
Yes. Late applications will not be accepted.

How much is the application fee and how do I pay it?
The application fee is $80.00 (U.S.), non-refundable. Pay online using a credit card when you submit your application electronically through the LSAC web site.

Can I have the application fee waived?
Only a limited number of application fee waivers will be granted, based on financial need. To request a fee waiver, please submit a written request for a waiver to the Advanced Degree Programs Office.

Must I apply online through the LSAC website?
Yes, we require that all applicants apply online via LSAC unless there is an extenuating circumstance such as complete lack of internet service.  Applicants must register for and use LSAC’s Electronic Application Service and Document Assembly Service; the International Transcripts Authentication and Evaluation Service is recommended but not required for foreign applicants.

I am still in school finishing my first law degree. Am I eligible for admission?
As long as you will have completed your degree requirements by the time you would begin your LL.M. studies at Berkeley Law, you may be considered for conditional admission. You must submit academic records of all law coursework completed at the time you apply; if admitted, you will be required to submit final transcripts showing your degree was awarded.

Do you require the LSAT or GRE?
No. The only exam required to apply for the LL.M. program is the TOEFL or IELTS, if English is not your primary language.

When will admissions decisions be made?
Decisions are made September – December for the LL.M. executive track option A, September – February for the LL.M. executive track option B, and March – April for the LL.M. traditional and thesis tracks.  Executive track applicants will be notified of their admission status on a rolling basis, usually within three weeks of completion. We encourage executive track applicants to complete their application as soon as possible because there are more admission offers available earlier in the cycle; applicants who submit their application materials early have a competitive advantage.  Admissions decisions for the LL.M. traditional and thesis tracks are made at the same time, not on a rolling basis.

How will I learn if I’ve been admitted?
All admission decisions are sent by email to the primary email address listed on the application form. Please add our email address,, to your address book to prevent messages from being filtered as spam. If you are admitted, you will also receive a hard copy of your admission letter by mail.

Can I request an early or expedited admission decision?
We unfortunately cannot provide any early or expedited decisions.  Executive track applications are reviewed on a rolling basis, so applicants can usually expect to receive a decision within three weeks of their application being complete. All LL.M. traditional and thesis track applications are reviewed at the same time, after the application deadline.

How can I check my application status?
Applicants can check their application status here. Because we process a very large number of applications each year, we ask that you do not telephone to inquire about your application status. If we discover critical information is missing from your file, we will contact you. To expedite such a notification, please make sure that you keep us updated with your current email address.

How are applications evaluated?
Applications are reviewed holistically. The review committee will consider every part of each application, including grades, universities attended, English language exam scores, the Personal Statement, C.V., professional experience, letters of recommendation, video assessment (executive track only), and achievements in nonacademic activities or public service.

How competitive is admission?
Admission to our programs is quite competitive. We receive over 2,500 applications for the LL.M. programs each year.

How many students are in each program?
We typically enroll 240 students in the traditional and thesis tracks, and 100 new students in the executive track each year.

If I am admitted, may I defer for one or more years?
If you are admitted, you may request a deferral for one year only. Deferrals are not automatically granted but reviewed on a case-by-case basis. They are generally only granted in the case of an extreme unforeseen circumstance.

Can Berkeley Law mail me informational material on its LL.M. programs?
Unfortunately, we cannot send brochures or other materials regarding our program to prospective students. However, all information covered in these brochures can be found on our website. 


What is the minimum accepted TOEFL/IELTS score?
The minimum score required for admission is:
100 on the TOEFL internet based test (iBT), or
600 on the TOEFL paper based test (PBT), or
7.0 on the IELTS
There is no minimum subscore per section; the overall score should meet or exceed our minimum requirement.

How do I submit my TOEFL or IELTS score?
TOEFL or IELTS score reports should be sent to LSAC for processing through their Credential Assembly Service. LSAC’s institution code for the TOEFL is 8395. For more information, click here.

Can I waive the English Proficiency Requirement?
You are eligible for a TOEFL waiver if any of the following criteria apply:
1. You have attended a US university for full-time study for a minimum of one academic year with a 3.0/B average or higher, or
2. You earned a degree from a foreign university in which the sole language of instruction is English, or
3. Your native language is English.
These criteria must be verified by your official academic records. Click here
for more information.

Do you accept the MyBestTOEFL score?
Yes, but please note that these scores are not reported to Berkeley Law automatically. To submit your MyBest score for consideration, download a copy of your latest score report from ETS and email it to as an attachment with the subject “MyBest TOEFL Score”. Note that all test scores included in the MyBest Score must have been sent to LSAC and verifiable through the LLM CAS report.

Are you accepting any alternative English tests due to test center closures?
We are currently accepting the TOEFL iBT Special Home Edition and IELTS Indicator for the 2021-22 LL.M. application. These scores can be reported to LSAC through the usual method. At this time, we are not accepting the TOEFL ITP Plus for China.

My TOEFL/IELTS score is below the minimum required, can I still apply?
You can apply with a test score below our minimum requirement and you may be considered for admission if your application is outstanding otherwise, but applicants who meet or exceed our minimum requirement have a greater chance of admission.

I’m a US or Canadian citizen; do I need to request an English Language Requirement Waiver?
Yes. Since most of our applicants are international, we do not assume English proficiency for any applicant, regardless of citizenship. Please request an English Language Requirement waiver by answering yes to the question under that section on our application form and specifying that you are a native speaker.

My transcripts and/or recommendations are not in English. Do I need to have them translated?
Yes. While all official academic records must be issued in their original language, if they are not in English they must be accompanied by English translations. If the institution does not offer English translation, it is the applicant’s responsibility to make sure an English translation is sent to LSAC.  The translation may be done by anyone as long as it is a literal translation, and need not be certified.  Click here for more information.

How should my transcripts be submitted?
Transcripts must be sent directly to LSAC from the appropriate issuing institution, and applicants must use LSAC’s Transcript Request Form, which will be available at the completion of your LLM Credential Assembly Service registration. All official documents must be received by LSAC in a sealed institution envelope.

My university will not send academic records directly, can I send them myself?
If your university has a policy against sending academic records to other institutions, please contact LSAC’s Help Desk at 215-968-1393 or e-mail to find out how they can be submitted.

Do both letters have to be from law professors?
We strongly prefer that at least one letter comes from one of your law professors. Ultimately, it is up to each applicant to select the recommenders that will best represent them.

Can I submit more than two letters of recommendation?
Applicants may submit one additional academic or professional letter if they feel it will strengthen their application, for a maximum total of three letters.

How should letters of recommendation be submitted?
They should be emailed or sent directly to LSAC accompanied by the required recommendation form. Click here for more information.

How long should the Personal Statement be?
Your Personal Statement should be limited to three pages of double-spaced text.

Is the three page limit strict?
We do ask that you keep your Personal Statement to no more than three pages, double-spaced. However, if you go a few words over the limit your application will not be automatically rejected.

Are there any formatting requirements for the Personal Statement or C.V.?
There are no specific formatting requirements, such as margins or font size, but please ensure that your documents are easily readable.

What information should be included in the Personal Statement?
The Personal Statement should describe your legal interests, the particular area of study you intend to undertake as a law student, the reasons you wish to study at Berkeley Law, and your professional plans or goals following completion of your degree. Since the Advanced Degree Programs Committee does not grant interviews, you may also use the statement to describe aspects of yourself that are not apparent from your other application materials.

How should the Personal Statement and C.V. be submitted?
The Personal Statement and C.V. should be uploaded to the Attachments section of the online application.

How much is tuition?
See the Cost of Attendance page for updated tuition fees. Note that the mandatory Student Health Insurance Plan costs an additional amount; students already covered by an eligible health insurance plan may apply for a waiver. Fees are the same for all tracks of our LL.M. program. LL.M. executive track option A fees are due as follows: 25% in spring, 50% in summer, 25% in fall. LL.M. executive track option B fees are billed each summer semester, with approximately half due each summer. LL.M. traditional and thesis track fees are due half in fall, and half in spring. Please note that precise fee levels change each year, and are subject to change at any time. Since tuition for the traditional track may rise from year to year, professional track students’ second summer tuition fees may be higher than the first summer. Discounted tuition for California residents is not available for the LL.M. program.

How much money should I budget for living expenses while studying at UC Berkeley?
See the Cost of Living page for updated estimates on living expenses.

When can I apply for scholarships?
Most of our scholarships do not require an application, and all eligible admitted applicants are considered; recipients are notified at the time of admission. There are two scholarships that do require an application, the Matching Consideration Scholarship and African Legal Impact Scholarship. Application instructions will be provided to admitted applicants at the time of admission. See the Scholarships page for more information.

Does Berkeley Law offer financial aid?
Click here to find out what financial aid and scholarships are available. FAFSA-eligible students may qualify for certain loans and scholarships.

Can I receive additional financial aid after classes begin?
No. Scholarship awards are finalized during the admissions process, and cannot be increased or reconsidered after students begin the LL.M. program. There is no additional financial aid available to students and the Advanced Degree Programs Office cannot consider additional requests for financial aid once students are enrolled.

Can LL.M. students work during the program?
If you are at Berkeley Law on an F-1 Visa, you are not permitted to work off-campus. Some visa statuses will allow students to work on campus, but on-campus work opportunities for graduate students are limited and not high-paying. Students should not rely on work opportunities to significantly defray living or tuition costs, and should arrange finances before coming to Berkeley Law in order to pay for tuition costs and living expenses. Check with the Berkeley International Office regarding your visa status and your eligibility to work on-campus.

Traditional or thesis track students may find some very limited opportunities to work on campus, offered by faculty members on an as-needed basis. These opportunities are often filled in advance and may not be available every semester. Students can make an appointment with an advisor after beginning the program to find out more.

Because the executive track program is so intensive, we strongly advise that students in these programs not work during their on-campus summer semester.

Does Berkeley Law require a deposit from admitted students?
If admitted, you will be required to submit a nonrefundable $1,000 deposit to reserve your place in the incoming class. The deposit will be credited toward your first term tuition fee. All other questions regarding deposits, fees or refunds should be directed to the Advanced Degree Programs Office.

Is it possible to specialize within the LL.M. program?
The LL.M. degree at UC Berkeley School of Law is generalized, although students may select classes according to particular areas of interest. Traditional and thesis track students can earn Certificates of Specialization in Energy & Clean TechnologyBusiness LawEnvironmental Law, Law & Technology, International Law, or Public Interest & Social Justice.  LL.M. executive track students can earn a Certificate of Specialization in Business Law or Law & Technology.

Are there restrictions on courses that LL.M. students in the traditional track may take?
With a few exceptions, LL.M. students in the traditional track may take any law courses they wish to fulfill their unit requirements. For details on specific course restrictions, e-mail the Advanced Degree Programs Office at

Can LL.M. students participate in clinics?
There are four clinics in which LL.M. traditional track students can participate: International Human Rights Clinic, Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic, Environmental Law Clinic, and Policy Advocacy Clinic. LL.M. students participate in these clinics in their Spring semester; applications are due in October of the preceding Fall semester.  Both LL.M. students and J.D. students apply to these clinics, with admission being offered only to those students with the strongest applications. There are no openings in the clinics reserved for LL.M. students. The clinic admission process gives particular weight to evidence of excellent legal research and English writing ability. We will provide more information on clinics at orientation.

Does the LL.M. program qualify graduates for the California or New York bar exam?
The LL.M. traditional track can qualify graduates to take the California or New York bar exam. The LL.M. executive track and thesis track can qualify graduates to take the California bar exam. Students should be sure to select courses that will allow them to take the bar exam of their choice, and it is each candidate’s responsibility to confirm that their first law degree(s) will satisfy the states’ bar admission requirements. Specific advice will be available to students at orientation.

If accepted to the LL.M. program, would I automatically be admitted to the J.S.D. program after completing the LL.M.?
Candidacy for the J.S.D. degree is very restricted and does not follow automatically from admission to the LL.M. program. It is open only to those who have completed the requirements for the LL.M. degree and are engaged in or planning careers in academic or other work that emphasizes legal scholarship.  Click here for more about the J.S.D. program.

I have already begun an LL.M. program at another US university, can I transfer credits earned to Berkeley Law?
No, we cannot accept any transfer credits.

Can I transfer to the J.D. program from the LL.M. program?
No, LL.M. students cannot transfer to the J.D. program. LL.M. students can, however, apply for admission to the J.D. program.

Are any part-time or distance learning programs available? Is there a way for me to complete the LL.M. degree in one summer?
Yes, the LL.M. executive track offers a choice of study through online, remote summer semesters, and on-campus summer semesters.

Can I begin the traditional track in the spring?
No, traditional track students may only begin in fall.


I was admitted to the LL.M. executive track option B but also applied to the traditional track. Is my traditional track application still active?
Yes, if you also applied to the LL.M. traditional track program, that application is still active. Admission decisions for the LL.M. traditional track program will be announced in March-April. Applicants admitted to the executive track option B have a response deadline of March 15th so that they can receive their traditional track decision before deciding whether or not to accept admission to the executive track program. If you accept admission to the executive track option B and are then admitted for the traditional track, you may transfer your deposit.

Is admission to the LL.M. executive track program transferable to the LL.M. traditional track program?
No. Admission decisions for the LL.M. executive and traditional track programs are made separately, at different times. However, if you are admitted to both programs, you may transfer your deposit from the executive track program if you choose to attend the traditional track program instead.  

Which type of student visa should I apply for? 
Most of our students come on an F1 student visa, but individual situations may be different. All immigration questions can be directed to the Berkeley International Office (BIO) at or (510) 642-2818.

When can I buy my books?
You may buy your books at the Law School Bookstore during orientation, or online before you get here (if you know which books your professors require).

How will I access my email and other technology tools?
Berkeley Law and UC Berkeley use the tools found at

Will there be homework assignments for the first day of classes?
There may be homework assignments for the first day of classes.  If so, you will be notified by the instructor

How do I apply for housing?
Please consult the Housing for LL.M. Students page.