+America's Wetland Resource Center, America's Wetland Resource Center
Disasters & the Law
UC Berkeley School of Law
49 entriesexpand all
+Associated Press, Complete Hurricane Coverage
+Biber, Eric, Ann Carlson, Holly Doremus, Ethan Elkind, Dan Farber, Richard Frank, Sean Hecht, Cara Horowitz, Timothy Malloy, Cymie Payne, Steve Weissman, and Jonathan Zasloff, Legal Planet (UC Berkeley and UCLA blog)
"Legal Planet, a collaboration between UC Berkeley School of Law and UCLA School of Law, provides insight and analysis on energy and environmental law and policy. The blog draws upon the individual research strengths and vast expertise of the law schools' legal scholars and think tanks."
+Brown University, Katrina and the Built Environment: Spatial and Social Impacts
+C-SPAN, Hurricane Aftermath (2007)
+California Bay-Delta Program, Levee System Integrity Program
+Caron, David D. & Charles Leben, eds., The International Aspects of Natural and Industrial Catastrophes (Martinus Nijhoff, 2001)
+Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, Climate Change Futures: Health, Ecological and Economic Dimensions (November 2005)
+Climate and Disaster Governance, Climate and Disaster Governance
"CDG is a new initiative launched by the Institute of Development Studies and Christian Aid investigating climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction governance at a national and sub-national level.
"CDG is currently focusing on four research themes. Each theme is a potential governance arena for linking climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction policy processes, institutional development, finance flows and policy implementation: (1) Citizen engagement and accountability in policy processes; (2) The role of established social protection policy instruments applied to differentiated vulnerability analysis; (3) Opportunities for building institutions for CCA, DRR and humanitarian assistance in fragile states; (4) Implications of international policy frameworks on national and sub-national responses to climate change and disasters.
"CDG will contribute to a better understanding of the extent to which international policies inhibit or support national and sub-national responses to climate change's research agenda by addressing critical gaps.
"In particular, CDG is examining the implications of international agreements reached under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in the current and upcoming development phase of a post-Kyoto agreement." —About CDG.
+Colorado State University, The Tropical Meteorology Project
+Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Public Health Response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita - Louisiana, 2005 (PDF — 535K)
+Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Public Health Response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita - United States, 2005 (PDF — 501K)
+Environmental Law Institute, Recovering from Katrina and Rita: Environmental Governance Lessons Learned and Applied (October 17, 2005)
+Esworthy, Robert, et al., Congressional Research Service (CRS), Cleanup after Hurricane Katrina: Environmental Considerations (Updated May 3, 2006) (PDF — 221KB)
+Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), The National Flood Insurance Program: An Annotated Bibliography. Evaluation of the National Flood Insurance Program (completed by The American Institutes for Research; The Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation; Deloitte & Touche LLP) (January 2006) (PDF — 2061K)
+Google Earth, Hurricane Katrina Imagery
+Karesh, William B., Robert A. Cook, Martin Gilbert & James Newcomb, Implications of Wildlife Trade on the Movement of Avian Influenza and Other Infectious Diseases Journal of Wildlife Diseases, v.43 (3_Supplement), pp.55-59 (2007)
+Louisiana Coastal Wetlands Conservation and Restoration Task Force & the Wetlands Conservation and Restoration Authority, Coast 2050: Toward a Sustainable Coastal Louisiana (PDF — 2019K)
+Mason, Byron, National Research Council, Law, Science & Disaster: Summary of the October 18, 2005 Workshop of the Disasters Roundtable (National Academies Press) (2006)
+Miller, Jeffrey G., Remedying Our Fragmented Governmental Structures to Deal With Our Nation-on-Edge Problems (Environmental Law Reporter, Volume 38, Issue 3, Page 10187) (March 2008) (PDF — 316K)
+Mittal, Anu K., U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Procurement of Pumping Systems for the New Orleans Drainage Canals (Letter to the Honorable Mary L. Landrieu, Chairman, Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Disaster Recovery, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, United States Senate) (May 23, 2007) (PDF — 1.85M)
+National Public Radio (NPR), Hurricane Season
+National Science Foundation, NSF's Response to the Hurricanes
+New Scientist, New Scientist - Hurricane Katrina: The Aftermath
+Nolon, John, Losing Ground: A Nation on Edge (Island Press) (2007)
"America builds on the edge of disaster prone areas: on moveable barrier islands, fragile coastal ecosystems, shorelines subject to inundation, and next to flammable forests. Ferocious storm events focus local and national attention in the tragic moment and during short-term recovery efforts; then, too often, we return to business as usual, continuing to build and rebuild on the edge. 'Losing Ground' provides effective perspectives and prescriptions for longer-term disaster mitigation planning and action. Authors from a variety of disciplines (including law, history, geography, environmental science, and urban planning) review past policies and practices, the lessons learned from previous disasters, current approaches to disaster planning and recovery, an assessment of the proper roles and responsibilities of various levels of government in the federal system, new legal and technological tools, and a review of innovations in disaster mitigation.
"Oliver A. Houck, a renowned professor of law from Tulane University, provides a preface from the perspective of a post-Katrina New Orleans: 'Perhaps, the most striking aspect of the post-Katrina Gulf Coast, from Alabama to Texas, is the rush to rebuild in exactly the same places, a few feet back, a few feet higher, more high priced investment than ever before. Two lane bridges are replaced by six lane bridges. Modest beach homes are replaced by condominiums. The hurricane has led to a construction boom. As the Gross National Product measures these things, the hurricanes were a huge success. What is wrong with this picture?.' "—Publisher's Description.
+Osofsky, Hari, Katrina Disaster Exposes Environmental Injustice Register-Guard (Eugene, OR), (September 7, 2005)
+Platt, Rutherford H., Learning From Disasters: The Synergy of Law and Geography (Environmental Law Reporter, Volume 38, Issue 3, Page 10150) (March 2008) (PDF — 403K)
+Ramseur, Jonathan, Analyst in Environmental Policy, Resources, Science, and Industry Division, Congressional Resarch Service (CRS), Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, (RL33705) (February 5, 2008) (PDF — 227K)
+Ryberg, Karen R. et al., United States Geological Survey (USGS), comps., 10th Anniversary of the 1997 Red River Flood (GIP Poster 2007-49) (February 2007)
"The 1997 flood on the Red River was one of the worst natural disasters in recent history for many people and communities in the Red River of the North Basin. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), one of the principal Federal agencies responsible for the collection and interpretation of water-resources data, works with other Federal, State, local, tribal, and academic entities to ensure that accurate and timely data are available for making decisions regarding public welfare and property during natural disasters and to increase public awareness of the hazards that occur with such disasters."
This web page links to a 209MB PDF full-color poster depicting images and data regarding the April 1997 flood in North Dakota.
+Salkin, Patricia E., Sustainability at the Edge: The Opportunity and Responsibility of Local Governments to Most Effectively Plan for Natural Disaster Mitigation (Environmental Law Reporter, Volume 38, Issue 3, Page 10158) (March 2008) (PDF — 429K)
+Savonis, Michael J., Virginia R. Burkett and Joanne R. Potter (Lead Authors), United States Department of Transportation and the United States Climate Change Science Program, Impacts of Climate Change and Variabilityon Transportation Systems andInfrastructure: Gulf Coast Study, Phase I, Report by U.S. Climate Change Science Program And the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (March 2008) (PDF — 10.1M)
+Schnepf, Randy & Ralph M. Chite, Congressional Research Service (CRS), U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues (October 5, 2005) (PDF — 587K)
+Schwab, Anna K. & David J. Brower, Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards: Obstacles and Opportunities for Local Governments Under the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Environmental Law Reporter, Volume 38, Issue 3, Page 10171) (March 2008) (PDF — 463K)
+Stolton, Sue, Nigel Dudley & Jonathan Randall (World Wildlife Federation (WWF) & Equilibrium), National Security: Protected Areas & Hazards Mitigation World Wildlife Federation Arguments for Protection Series (2008) (PDF — 5.28M)
"The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) welcomes this report as a concrete response to its call for work to promote understanding that: protection of vital ecosystem services is fundamental to reducing vulnerability to disasters and strengthening community resilience.
"Although there is a growing recognition that natural habitats can help to mitigate disasters caused by vulnerability to hazards, we still have a great deal to learn about how to maximise the potential benefits and about what this means in terms of landscape-scale management approaches. Clear evidence linking habitat degradation to a series of so-called 'natural' disasters have added urgency to the need for further research and monitoring efforts. These problems are likely to increase as a result of the disturbance caused by climate change. Research shows that the poorest members of society consistently fare worst when disaster strikes.
"At the same time, natural ecosystems continue to be degraded at an alarming rate, so that in many countries we can no longer assume they exist in good enough condition to provide the environmental services upon which many people depend. In response, governments and local communities are setting aside and where necessary restoring natural habitats deliberately for their protective role. Although protected areas such as national parks and nature reserves are primarily designed to conserve biodiversity, most also supply important environmental services, including disaster mitigation. Whilst this is understood and acted upon by many protected area managers, it has never been systematically assessed and the current report makes a first attempt to provide a global overview.
"By focusing the case studies on major disasters in the new millennium, the authors have deliberately chosen a fairly narrow data set rather than choosing 'best case' examples. They have found cases where protected areas clearly play a major role in disaster mitigation and cases where the links are not so clear cut or where changes in management approaches within protected areas are needed. One clear result of this study is a need for specialists in disaster risk reduction, environmental management and protected areas to work together far more closely than they have in the past. There is already much that could be done through better collaboration to increase the role of natural habitats in disaster mitigation and these opportunities will continue to increase as we learn more. We call on both communities to develop talks and to take the necessary steps to ensure that natural safety measures are maintained and enhanced."—Foreword.
+Tibbetts, John, Louisiana's Wetlands: A Lesson in Nature Appreciation Environmental Health Perspectives, v.114, no.1 (January 2006), pp.A40-A43 (Spheres of Influence) (PDF — 2.4M)
+Times-Picayune (New Orleans), Washing Away (June 23-27, 2002)
+U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Scientific Assessment of the Effects of Global Change on the United States (May 2008)
+United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Office of Inspector General, Review of FEMA Guidance for Monitoring Debris Removal Operations for Hurricane Katrina (OIG-07-63) (August 2007) (PDF — 159K)
"FEMA needs to prepare a single comprehensive document for monitoring debris removal operations. FEMA also needs to define better the requirements for contracting debris-removal monitoring services.
"We reviewed the adequacy of FEMA guidance for monitoring Hurricane Katrina debris removal operations in Louisiana (LA) and Mississippi (MS). Debris removal monitoring is a process of observing and documenting debris removal operations to ensure that FEMA funding is provided for only those activities that conform to and are consistent with requirements of FEMA's public assistance program."
+United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS),, The 2nd Annual Department of Homeland Security University Network Summit (March 19-20, 2008)
"The Office of University Programs, Science and Technology Directorate is sponsoring a summit to showcase key research and education priorities of the Department of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence, the Science and Technology Directorate and the Department of Homeland Security at large. The Summit highlights the efforts of the Office of University Programs as it continues to rise to the challenges associated with helping to protect the Nation. Subject matter experts from academia, industry, government and the international community will address the latest homeland security research and education issues in the following areas: Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events; Security of Agriculture and the Food System; Studies of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism; Preparedness and Catastrophic Event Response; Chemical and Biological Threats and Countermeasures; Emerging Threats; University Programs Homeland Security Education Initiatives; International Homeland Security Research Challenges."—Website.
This website includes pdf files of speakers' presentations and facts sheets produced in conjunction with the conference.
+United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Treatment of Data Influenced by Exceptional Events (40 CFR Parts 50 and 51, Final Rule) Federal Register, v.72, no.55, pp. 13560-13581 (March 22, 2007)
+United States Environmental Protection Agency, Good Neighbor Environmental Board, National Disasters and the Environment Along the U.S. - Mexico Border ( Eleventh Report of the Good Neighbor Environmental Board) (March 2008) (PDF — 5.9M)
+United States Global Change Research Program, U.S. Climate Change Science Program
+United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), GAO Reports and Testimonies Related to Disaster Preparedness, Response and Reconstruction
+United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), Hurricane Katrina: EPA's Current and Future Environmental Protection Efforts Could Be Enhanced by Addressing Issues and Challenges Faced on the Gulf Coast (Report to Congressional Committees, GAO-07-651) (June 2007) (PDF — 2.11M)
"While EPA provided useful environmental health risk information to the public via flyers, public service announcements, and the EPA Web page, the communications were at times unclear and inconsistent on how to mitigate exposure to some contaminants, particularly asbestos and mold. Further, the usefulness of three key reports on EPA's environmental sampling in New Orleans—developed with, among others, the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality to address potential health risks from exposure to floodwaters, sediments, and air—was limited by a lack of timeliness and insufficient disclosures about EPA's sampling program. For example, EPA did not state until August 2006 that its December 2005 report—which said that the great majority of the data showed that adverse health effects would not be expected from exposure to sediments from previously flooded areas—applied to short-term visits, such as to view damage to homes.
"Mitigating several challenges EPA faces addressing Hurricane Katrina could better protect the environment in the future. First, EPA did not remove hazardous materials from national wildlife refuges in a timely manner as part of its response in part because disaster assistance funding generally is not used for debris cleanups on federal lands. Second, because states generally have authority over landfill decisions, EPA does not have an effective role in emergency debris disposal decisions that could cause pollution. Finally, lack of clarity in federal debris management plans and protocols precluded the timely and safe disposal of some appliances and electronic waste."—What GAO Found.
+United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), Hurricane Katrina: Providing Oversight of the Nation's Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Activities (September 28, 2005)
+United States Government Accountability Office (GAO), Improvements Needed in Availability of Health Screening and Monitoring Services for Responders (GAO-07-1228T(September 11, 2007) (Testimony before the Subcommittee on Health, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives (PDF — 340K)
+United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Environmental Health and Toxicology, Enviro-Health Links, California Wildfires
"The National Library of Medicine has released a new resource focused on the health effects from wildfires. The California Wildfires web page includes information on the health effects from fires and exposure to smoke; links to air quality resources, environmental clean-up following fires, and animals in disasters.
"In addition, resources for emergency responders and information in Spanish are alsoincluded. Searches of NLM databases, such as MedlinePlus, PubMed,TOXLINE, Tox Town, and Haz-Map (occupational health) are provided for additional health information. It also provides the locations of facilities reporting to the EPA Toxics Release Inventory and Superfund sites in and around San Diego (TOXMAP).
"This web page is designed to help emergency responders, health care providers, public health workers, and the general public find authoritative and timely information about key health concerns from wildfires. Links to other federal government web sites, including USA.gov, FEMA, and the Department of Health and Human Services are included."
+United States Senate, Committee on Environment & Public Works, Subcommittee on Superfund and Environmental Health, EPA's Response to 9-11 and Lessons Learned for Future Emergency Preparedness (Hearing) (June 20, 2007)
"This hearing is to examine EPA's response and future preparedness and to receive testimony on the Test and Clean program EPA is conducting in Lower Manhattan.
"Following September 11th, EPA was highly involved conducting air, water, and dust monitoring in Lower Manhattan for environmental hazards. EPA vacuumed street debris and disposed of hazardous wastes. EPA also conducted a voluntary clean up program from 2002 to 2003 that served more 4,100 residents in Lower Manhattan. Although EPA does not ordinarily administer worker protection regulations, it provided respirators and protective gear for workers at the World Trade Center site....
"In January 2007, EPA opened the public registration for a new Lower Manhattan Test and Clean Program. This program is designed to test for elevated levels of four contaminants associated with dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center. FEMA has provided $7 million to EPA for this work. I understand that members of the expert panel CEQ and EPA convened for this purpose are dissatisfied that a more exacting program could not be developed. However, I have an August 2006, letter from New York City Health Commissioner Frieden stating, 'The environmental investigations and testing conducted in lower Manhattan indicates that potential health impacts from any remaining [World Trade Center] dust are extremely low or non-existent.'"— Statement of Sen. James M. Inhofe (R-Okla.)Includes an archived webcast of the hearing.