+Baraka, Ajamu, Hold the United States Accountable: The Internationally Recognized Rights of the "Internally Displaced," Black Commentator, no.150 (September 15, 2005)
Disasters & the Law
UC Berkeley School of Law
34 entriesexpand all
+Caron, David D. & Charles Leben, eds., The International Aspects of Natural and Industrial Catastrophes (Martinus Nijhoff, 2001)
+Civil Contingencies Secretariat (UK), UK Resilience
Advice for practitioners on the pre-emergency phase, with generic material on key frameworks (such as the Civil Contingencies Act) and disciplines (such as risk assessment and business continuity).
- Emergency Preparedness
- Civil Contingencies Act
Emergency Response and Recovery
Advice for practitioners on the post-emergency phase, with generic material on key frameworks (such as the UK Central Government Concept of Operations) and disciplines (such as care and treatment of people).
- Emergency Response & Recovery
Specific assessments and guidance in relation to the broad classes of emergency which our risk framework has identified." — About UK Resilience
+Climate and Disaster Governance, Climate and Disaster Governance
"CDG is a new initiative launched by the Institute of Development Studies and Christian Aid investigating climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction governance at a national and sub-national level.
"CDG is currently focusing on four research themes. Each theme is a potential governance arena for linking climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction policy processes, institutional development, finance flows and policy implementation: (1) Citizen engagement and accountability in policy processes; (2) The role of established social protection policy instruments applied to differentiated vulnerability analysis; (3) Opportunities for building institutions for CCA, DRR and humanitarian assistance in fragile states; (4) Implications of international policy frameworks on national and sub-national responses to climate change and disasters.
"CDG will contribute to a better understanding of the extent to which international policies inhibit or support national and sub-national responses to climate change's research agenda by addressing critical gaps.
"In particular, CDG is examining the implications of international agreements reached under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in the current and upcoming development phase of a post-Kyoto agreement." —About CDG.
+Cohen, Roberta, Brookings Institution, Time for the United States to Honor International Standards in Emergencies (September 9, 2005)
+Department for International Development, United Kingdom (DFID), Publications Theme: Humanitarian Disasters
+e-Aceh-Nias.org, Aceh-Nias Remember. Rebuild
+Edwards, George E., International Human Rights Law Violations Before, During, and After Hurricane Katrina: An International Law Framework for Analysis (provided by: SSRN) (Thurgood Marshall Law Review, Vol. 31, No. 2, Spring 2006) (PDF — 4005K)
+Florida International University, International Hurricane Research Center
+Ghesquiere, Francis & Olivier Mahul, Sovereign Natural Disaster Insurance for Developing Countries : A Paradigm Shift in Catastrophe Risk Financing (World Bank Policy Research Working Papers no. 4345) (September 2007)
+Gostin, Lawrence O., Pandemic Influenza: Public Health Preparedness for the Next Global Health Emergency (provided by: Westlaw) Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, v.32, pp.565-72 (Winter 2004)
+Habitat International Coalition - Housing and Land Rights Network (HIC-HLRN) & PDHRE - People's Movement for Human Rights Learning, International Human Rights Standards on Post-disaster Resettlement and Rehabilitation (PDF — 877K)
"The intention of this compilation is to draw attention to some of the numerous existing international human rights instruments, including guidelines adopted by UN agencies that should form the basis for ongoing post-tsunami rehabilitation work. The standards provided for in these instruments could be used to ensure that a human-rights-based approach is upheld and not compromised in the multiple agendas of competing relief agencies. These standards must also be used to spread learning and education amongst all actors involved in the post-tsunami efforts such that everyone works for the same purpose: the speedy attainment of human rights for all who are affected."—Foreword, Miloon Kothari.
+The Henry L. Stimson Center, New Information and Intelligence Needs in the 21st Century Threat Environment (PDF — 1.2M)
"This study examines some key issues about information support to policymakers that have arisen in the information age. The challenge of providing the right information to the right people has been compounded by the challenge of terrorism and shifts in governments' priorities and in governmental organization that deal with various threats to national and human security. This problem set is not unique to the United States, and the study looks at the European Union and selected EU member states as an important point of comparison, and as a critical partner for information sharing and problem solving.
"The Stimson Center, in collaboration with the Swedish Emergency Management Agency (SEMA)and the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Intelligence and Analysis, embarked on a year-long exploration of three distinct information cultures ??? terrorism, public health, and natural hazards ??? to illuminate problems within and between those distinct expert communities in providing information to key decision-makers and crisis managers. We are grateful to SEMA and to DHS for their financial support, and for their expert participation in a series of workshops and conversations that contributed to this report. Several dozen people of diverse expertise, in government and out, agreed to be interviewed for this study, and we are indebted to them for the insights and information they provided.
"The Stimson team included: Julie Fischer, Senior Associate and director of our work on global health security, Jesper Gronvall, former representative of the Swedish Institute for International Affairs resident at Stimson, Aditi Hate, Research Associate, Rebecca Bornstein, Scoville Fellow, summer interns Amanda Greenland and Anita Ravishankar, and Peter Roman, former Senior Associate responsible for homeland security analysis." —Preface.
+Homeland Security Council, National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza (May 2006) (PDF — 2.5M)
"This Implementation Plan for the National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza further clarifies the roles and responsibilities of governmental and non-governmental entities, including Federal, State, local, and tribal authorities and regional, national, and international stakeholders, and provides preparedness guidance for all segments of society. The Plan addresses the following topics:
- U.S. Government Planning and Response
- International Efforts and Transportation and Borders
- Protecting Human Health
- Protecting Animal Health
- Law Enforcement, Public Safety, and Security
- Institutional Considerations"
+Inomata, Tadanori, Joint Inspection Unit, United Nations, Towards a United Nations Humanitarian Assistance Programme for Disaster Response and Reduction: Lessons Learned from the Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster (A/61/699-E/2007/8) (JIU/REP/2006/5) (2006)
- Integration of programme, resource management and coordination, and
- Streamlining and standardization of operational, administrative and financial practices related to disaster reduction and response."
+International Committee of the Red Cross, Catastrophic Events (International Review of the Red Cross 2007, no. 866)
"The word 'catastrophe' is used to signify a brutal event bringing large-scale death and destruction. In that sense, every armed conflict, every natural or technological disaster is a catastrophe. The present issue of the Review looks in particular at the threat of a nuclear, radiological, biological or chemical (NRBC) event. It further discusses the chance of mitigating a catastrophic event by developing emergency preparedness plans and the appropriate response capacity. As local capacities may often be insufficient to deal with a major crisis, international assistance is frequently required. As for NRBC weapons it is especially important to stimulate discussion on how governments can, perhaps together, counter these threats while they still remain hypothetical."—Description.
Contains links to various articles in the volume.
+International Strategy for Disaster Reduction; United Nations, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
+Joint Chiefs of State; United States Army; United States Navy; United States Marine Corps; United States Air Force; United States Coast Guard, Joint Publication 3-29: Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (March 2009) (PDF — 3.06M)
+Margesson, Rhoda, Foreign Affairs Analyst, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, Congressional Research Service (CRS), International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance, Budget Trends, and Issues for Congress (CRS Report for Congress, Order Code RL33769) (December 21, 2006) (PDF — 188K)
+Martin, Michael F., Analyst in Asian Trade and Finance, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division & Rhoda Margesson, Specialist in International Humanitarian Policy, Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division, Congressional Research Service (CRS), Cyclone Nargis & Burma's Constitutional Reform (May 9, 2008) (CRS Report for Congress, Order Code RL34481) (PDF — 300K)
"Cyclone Nargis struck the coast of Burma in the evening of May 2, 2008 and cut a path of destruction across the southern portion of the country. The storm left in its wake at least 22,000 dead, 41,000 more missing, and extensive damage to the nation's premier agricultural areas. Some have speculated that the final number of dead could reach 100,000. Vital infrastructure was destroyed by the storm, severely limiting the ability to assess the loss of life and provide assistance to the survivors. In addition, much of Burma's most productive agricultural land has been severely damaged; some experts expect that it will take up to two years for Burma's production of rice, seafood, pork and poultry to recover, and that the nation may facechronic food shortages and the need for international assistance for many months.
"Burma's ruling military junta quickly faced both domestic and international criticism for its response to Cyclone Nargis, including accusations that it failed to provide adequate warning, its slow emergency response, and its reluctance to allow international relief workers into the country. The United States has offered $3.25 million in relief aid, and is willing to send in relief teams, if they can secure the necessary visas from the junta.
"Even before Cyclone Nargis struck, the junta was already facing a highly controversial referendum on a proposed constitution scheduled for May 10, 2008 that could shape U.S. and other countries' policies toward Burma. As a consequence, the evolution and implications of the humanitarian crisis are inextricably linked to Burma's political situation and its relations with the international community. In a widely criticized move, although the military junta decided to postpone the vote for two weeks in some of the more damaged areas of Burma, it indicates it still intends to hold the constitutional referendum in most of Burma on May 10, 2008. Critics have called for the cancellation or postponement of the vote for all of Burma.
"In addition, some experts are speculating that Cyclone Nargis may precipitate major political change in Burma, including the destabilization of Burma's military regime. The junta was already under domestic and international pressure to cancel the constitutional referendum. Local dissatisfaction with the speed and quality of the junta's provision of emergency assistance may heighten domestic opposition to the junta and its proposed constitution. Also, rising food prices and food shortages may feed popular discontent, much like fuel price increases led to protests in Burma of September 2007.
"This report examines the scope of and response to the disaster, as well as its links to Burma's political situation and U.S. policy.
"The report will be updates as circumstances warrant." — Summary.
+Morrison, J. Stephen & Joanna Nesseth Tuttle, Project Directors, Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), A Call For A Strategic U.S. Approach To The Global Food Crisis: A Report of the CSIS Task Force on the Global Food Crisis Core Findings and Recommendations (PDF — 223K)
+Organization of American States (OAS), Office of International Law, Inter-American Convention to Facilitate Disaster Assistance
+Peek, Lori (Editor), Children, Youth and Environments Center for Research and Design, Special Issue: Children and Disasters Children, Youth and Environments Journal, v. 18, no.1 (2008)
+United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Tsunami Disaster: Countries in Crisis (December 2008)
+United Nations General Assembly, Human Rights and Mass Exoduses: Report of the Secretary-General, A/60/325 (PDF — 87K)
+United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)
+United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Tourism Emergency Response Network (TERN)
+United Nations, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Disaster Figures for 2007: Asia continues to be hardest hit by disasters (Press Release) (UN/ISDR 2008/01) (January 18, 2008) (PDF — 73K)
+United Nations, Global Survey of Early Warning Systems: An Assessment of Capacities, Gaps and Opportunities Towards Building a Comprehensive Global Early Warning System for All Natural Hazards (September 2006) (PDF — 913K)
+United States Department of Transportation, Transport Canada, and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation of Mexico, 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook 2008 (PDF — 441K)
+United States Environmental Protection Agency, Good Neighbor Environmental Board, National Disasters and the Environment Along the U.S. - Mexico Border ( Eleventh Report of the Good Neighbor Environmental Board) (March 2008) (PDF — 5.9M)
+United States Government Accountability Office (GAO),, Natural Hazard Mitigation and Insurance: The United States and Selected Countries Have Similar Natural Hazard Mitigation Policies but Different Insurance Approaches (Briefing to Congressional Requestors) (GAO-09-188R) (November 4, 2008) (PDF — 806K)
+Valencia-Ospina, Eduardo, Special Rapporteur, United Nations International Law Commission, Preliminary report on the protection of persons in the event of disasters (A/CN.4/598) (2008)
+World Conference on Disaster Reduction (18-22 January 2005, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan), Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (Extract from the final report of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (A/CONF.206/6)) (PDF — 408K)