Statutes and Regulations

 
LETHAL INJECTION STATUTES

 

Alabama

"(a) A death sentence shall be executed by lethal injection, unless the person sentenced to death affirmatively elects to be executed by electrocution. The sentence shall be executed pursuant to Section 15-18-82." Ala. Code § 15-18-82.1

 

Arizona

"The penalty of death shall be inflicted by an intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity sufficient to cause death, under the supervision of the state department of corrections." Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-704

 

Arkansas

"(a)(1) The punishment of death is to be administered by a continuous intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until the defendant's death is pronounced according to accepted standards of medical practice." Ark. Code § 5-4-617

 

California

"(a) The punishment of death shall be inflicted by the administration of a lethal gas or by an intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity sufficient to cause death, by standards established under the direction of the Department of Corrections." Cal. Penal Code § 3604.

 

Colorado

"The manner of inflicting the punishment of death shall be by the administration of a lethal injection within the time prescribed in this part 12, unless for good cause the court or governor may prolong the time. For the purposes of this part 12, "lethal injection" means a continuous intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of sodium thiopental or other equally or more effective substance sufficient to cause death. The manner of inflicting the punishment of death shall, in all circumstances, be by the administration of a lethal injection regardless of the date of the commission of the offense or offenses for which the death penalty is imposed.." Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-1.3-1202.

 

Connecticut

"(a) The method of inflicting the punishment of death shall be by continuous intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a quantity sufficient to cause death, in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Commissioner of Correction in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Health. The Commissioner of Correction shall direct a warden of an appropriate correctional institution to appoint a suitable person or persons to perform the duty of executing sentences of the court requiring the infliction of the death penalty." Conn. Gen. Stat. tit. 54 § 100.

 

Delaware

"Punishment of death shall, in all cases, be inflicted by intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity sufficient to cause death and until such person sentenced to death is dead, and such execution procedure shall be determined and supervised by the Commissioner of the Department of Correction." Del. Code tit. 11, § 4209 (f)

 

Florida

"A death sentence shall be executed by lethal injection, unless the person sentenced to death affirmatively elects to be executed by electrocution." Fla. Stat. tit. XLVII, § 922.105.

 

Georgia

"Lethal injection is the continuous intravenous injection of a substance or substances sufficient to cause death into the body of the person sentenced to death until such person is dead." Ga. Code Ann., § 17-10-38

 

Idaho

"The punishment of death shall be inflicted by continuous, intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbituate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until death is pronounced by a physician licensed under the provisions of chapter 18, title 54, Idaho Code, in accordance with accepted medical standards. Idaho Code § 19-2716

 

Illinois

"Sec. 119-5. Execution of Death Sentence. (a)(1) A defendant sentenced to death shall be executed by an intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent and potassium chloride or other equally effective subtances sufficient to cause death until death is pronounced by a coroner who is not a licensed physician." Ill. REv. Stat. ch. 725 (Crim. Proc.) 5 tit. VI, § 119-5

 

Indiana

"Sec. 1. (a) The punishment of death shall be inflicted by intravenous injection of a lethal substance or substances into the convicted person: (1) in a quantity sufficient to cause the death of the convicted person; and (2) until the convicted person is dead." Indiana Code 35-38-6-1

 

Kansas

"22-4001. Death penalty, how executed. (a) The mode of carrying out a sentence of death in this state shall be by intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a quantity sufficient to cause death in a swift and humane manner." Kan. Crim. Proc. Code § 22-4001

 

Kentucky

"every death sentence shall be executed by continuous intravenous injection of a substance or combination of substances sufficient to cause death." Ky. Rev. Stat. tit. XL, ch. 431.220

 

Louisiana

"B.  Every sentence of death executed on or after September 15, 1991, shall be by lethal injection; that is, by the intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity into the body of a person convicted until such person is dead.  Every sentence of death imposed in this state shall be executed at the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola.  Every execution shall be made in a room entirely cut off from view of all except those permitted by law to be in said room.  

 

C.  No licensed health care professional shall be compelled to administer a lethal injection."
La. Rev. Stat. tit. 15 § 569

 

Maryland

"(a) The manner of inflicting the punishment of death shall be the continuous intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate or other similar drug in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until a licensed physician pronounces death according to accepted standards of medical practice." Md. Code Correctional Services § 3-905

 

Mississippi

"The manner of inflicting the punishment of death shall be by continuous intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultra short-acting barbiturate or other similar drug in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until death is pronounced by the county coroner where the execution takes place or by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice." Miss. Code Ann. § 99-19-51

 

Missouri

"The manner of inflicting the punishment of death shall be by the administration of lethal gas or by means of the administration of lethal injection."
Mo. Rev. Stat. tit. 37, ch. 546.720

 

Montana

"(3) The punishment of death must be inflicted by administration of a continuous, intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of an ultra-fast-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until a coroner or deputy coroner pronounces that the defendant is dead." "6) (a) An execution must be performed by a person selected by the warden and trained to administer a lethal injection." Mont. Code Ann. tit. 46, ch. 19, § 103.

 

Nevada

"Execution of death penalty: Method; time and place; witnesses. 1. The judgment of death must be inflicted by an injection of a lethal drug." Nevada Rev. Stat. § 176.355

 

New Hampshire

"The punishment of death shall be inflicted by continuous, intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until death is pronounced by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice." NH Rev. Stat. tit. LXII, § 630:5 (XIII)

 

New Mexico

"The manner of inflicting punishment of death shall be by administration of a continuous, intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent." N.M. Stat. § 31-14-11

 

North Carolina

"administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent" N.C. Gen. Stat. § 15-187

 

Ohio

"(A) Except as provided in division (C) of this section, a death sentence shall be executed by causing the application to the person, upon whom the sentence was imposed, of a lethal injection of a drug or combination of drugs of sufficient dosage to quickly and painlessly cause death." Ohio Rev. Code tit. XXIX (Crimes) § 2949.22.

 

Oklahoma

"A. The punishment of death must be inflicted by continuous, intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent until death is pronounced by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice." Okla. Stat. tit. 22, § 1014.

 

Oregon

The punishment of death shall be inflicted by the intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent and potassium chloride or other equally effective substances sufficient to cause death."

 

Pennsylvania

"(a) Injection.--The death penalty shall be inflicted by injecting the convict with a continuous intravenous administration of a lethal quantity of an ultrashort-acting barbiturate in combination with chemical paralytic agents approved by the department until death is pronounced by the coroner." 61 Penn. Stat. § 3004

 

South Carolina

"SECTION 24-3-530. Capital punishment shall be by electrocution or lethal injection" S.C. Code tit. 24, ch. 3, § 530

 

South Dakota

The punishment of death shall be inflicted by the intravenous injection of a
substance or substances in a lethal quantity. The warden, subject to the approval of the secretary of corrections, shall determine the substances and the quantity of substances used for the punishment of death. An execution carried out by intravenous injection shall be performed by a person trained to administer the injection who is selected by the warden and approved by the secretary of corrections. The person administering the intravenous injection need not be a physician, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, or other medical professional licensed or registered under the laws of this or any other state. Any infliction of the punishment of death by intravenous injection of a substance or substances in the manner required by this section may not be construed to be the practice of medicine. Any pharmacist or pharmaceutical supplier is authorized to dispense the substance or substances used to inflict the punishment of death to the warden without prescription, for carrying out the provisions of this section, notwithstanding any other provision of law. S.D.Codified Laws § 23A-27A-32.

 

Tennessee

" (a) For any person who commits an offense for which such person is sentenced to the punishment of death, the method for carrying out this sentence shall be by lethal injection." Tenn. Code § 40-23-114.

 

Texas

"by intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity sufficient to cause death and until such convict is dead, such execution procedure to be determined and supervised by the Director of the Institutional division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice." Tex. Code Crim. P. art. 43.14.

 

Utah

"(1) When a defendant is convicted of a capital felony and the judgment of death has been imposed, lethal intravenous injection is the method of execution." Utah Code § 77-18-5.5.

 

Virginia

" The Director, or the assistants appointed by him, shall at the time named in the sentence, unless a suspension of execution is ordered, cause the prisoner under sentence of death to be electrocuted or injected with a lethal substance, until he is dead. The method of execution shall be chosen by the prisoner. In the event the prisoner refuses to make a choice at least fifteen days prior to the scheduled execution, the method of execution shall be by lethal injection. Execution by lethal injection shall be permitted in accordance with procedures developed by the Department." Va. Code § 53.1-234

 

Washington

"(1) The punishment of death shall be supervised by the superintendent of the penitentiary and shall be inflicted by intravenous injection of a substance or substances in a lethal quantity sufficient to cause death and until the defendant is dead, or, at the election of the defendant, by hanging by the neck until the defendant is dead. In any case, death shall be pronounced by a licensed physician." Wash. Code § 10.95.180.

 

Wyoming

(a) When sentence of death is imposed by the court in any criminal case, the punishment of death shall be executed by the administration of a continuous intravenous injection of a lethal quantity of an ultra-short-acting barbiturate in combination with a chemical paralytic agent and potassium chloride or other equally effective substances sufficient to cause death, until death is pronounced by a licensed physician according to accepted standards of medical practice. The sentence of death shall be executed within the time prescribed by law, unless, for cause shown, the court or governor extends the time. Administration of the injection does not constitute the practice of medicine. Wyo. Stat. § 7-13-904

 

Federal

"When the sentence is to be implemented, the Attorney General shall release the person sentenced to death to the custody of a United States marshal, who shall supervise implementation of the sentence in the manner prescribed by the law of the State in which the sentence is imposed. " 18 U.S.C. § 3596

 

Updated: January 28, 2011

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