Speakers

Robert Barr, BCLT
Dennis Crouch, University of Missouri School of Law
Richard J. Gilbert, UC Berkeley
Stuart Graham, USPTO
Bronwyn Hall, UC Berkeley
Brian Kahin, Computer & Communications Industry Association
David J. Kappos, USPTO
Anne Layne-Farrar, LECG
Alan Marco, Washington and Lee University
Keith Maskus, University of California, Boulder
Preston McAfee, Yahoo!
Peter Menell, UC Berkeley Law School & BCLT
Robert P. Merges, UC Berkeley Law School & BCLT
Petra Moser, Stanford University
Bernard Munos, Eli Lilly & Co
Venay K. Puri, USPTO
Pamela Samuelson, UC Berkeley Law School
Suzanne Scotchmer, UC Berkeley
Brian Wright, UC Berkeley

Robert Barr is the executive director of the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. A practicing Intellectual Property lawyer for over twenty years, he was most recently the first Vice President of IP for Cisco Systems in San Jose, California, where he was responsible for all patent prosecution, licensing, and litigation. He has spoken frequently on patent reform, and has testified twice at the Federal Trade Commission hearings on Competition and Intellectual Property Law and Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy. The Daily Journal named him one of the top 25 intellectual property attorneys in California in 2003, and as one of the top 10 in-house intellectual property lawyers in 2004.  Mr. Barr has degrees in Electrical Engineering and Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and he graduated from Boston University School of Law.  
       
Dennis Crouch is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Missouri, School of Law. Prior to joining the MU Law Faculty, he was a patent attorney at McDonnell Boehnen Hulbert & Berghoff LLP in Chicago, Illinois, and taught at Boston University Law School. He has worked on cases involving various technologies including computer memory and hardware, circuit design, software, networking, mobile and internet telephony, automotive technologies, lens design, bearings, HVAC systems, and business methods. He is also the editor of the popular patent law weblog, Patently-O. Mr. Crouch received his B.S.E. in mechanical engineering from Princeton University, where he also earned a certificate in engineering management systems. He received his J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School, where he was a Microsoft, Merck, & Pfizer scholar.
   
Richard J. Gilbert is a Professor of Economics at University of California, Berkeley. He recently served as Chair of the Department of Economics from 2002-2005, and is currently chair of the Berkeley Competition Policy Center. He is also a senior consultant for the firm, CompassLexecon. From 1993-1995 he was the Chief Economist and the Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, where he led the development of joint Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission Antitrust Guidelines for the Licensing of Intellectual Property. Before serving in the Department of Justice, Mr. Gilbert was the Director of the University of California Energy Institute. His research interests include industrial organization and regulation, the economies of R&D and Intellectual Property, antitrust policy, and energy economics. Mr. Gilbert received both his Bachelor’s and Master’s of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering from Cornell University, and both his Master of Arts in Economics and his Ph.D. in Engineering-Economic Systems from Stanford University.
           
Stuart Graham is the Chief Economist at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, where he is on leave from his academic post at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Mr. Graham conducts research on the economics of the patent system, intellectual property transactions, and the relationship of IP to entrepreneurship and the commercialization of new technologies. An attorney licensed in the state of New York, he has written on companies’ intellectual property and litigation strategies, patenting by high-tech startups and entrepreneurs, and comparisons of the U.S. and European patent systems.  His research has attracted funding from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the National Science Foundation, and the Tokyo Foundation, among others. He has testified about the patent system in hearings before the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, and has served as a scientific expert to the European Patent Office, the European Trademark Office (OHIM), Industry Canada, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). He spent the 2007-2008 academic year at the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology as the Kauffman Foundation Fellow in Social Science and Law, and has been named a Robert Noyce Fellow in Industrial Competitiveness by the Intel Foundation, and a Gottfried Leibniz Fellow in Industrial Economics, a prominent grant by the German government. Mr. Graham received his Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley, and holds other advanced degrees in Law (J.D.), Business (M.B.A.), and Information Systems (M.A.). 
           
Bronwyn Hall is Professor in the Graduate School at the University of California at Berkeley, and Professor of Economics of Technology and Innovation at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration of Maastricht University. She is also a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London. Ms. Hall is the founder and partner of TSP International, an econometric software firm. Her work on economics and econometrics of technical change has been published in journals such as Econometrica, the American Economic Review, the Rand Journal of Economics, and Research Policy. Ms. Hall’s current research includes comparative analysis of the U.S. and European patent systems, the use of patent citation data for the valuation of intangible assets, comparative firm-level investment and innovation studies, measuring the returns to R&D and innovation at the firm level, analysis of technology policies such as R&D subsidies and tax incentives, and of recent changes in patenting behavior in the semiconductor and computer industries. She has also made substantial contributions to applied economic research via the creation of software for econometric estimation and of firm-level datasets for the study of innovation, including the widely used NBER dataset for U.S. patents. Ms. Hall received her B.A. in physics from Wellesley College and her Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. 
          
Brian Kahin is a Fellow at the Computer & Communications Industry Association in Washington, DC. He is also Research Investigator and Adjunct Professor at the University of Michigan School of Information and a special advisor to the Provost's Office. From 2003-2005, he taught at the University of Michigan as a Visiting Professor with joint appointments in the School of Information, the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, and the Department of Communication Studies. Mr. Kahin’s research focuses on the political economy of knowledge, information technology, and intellectual property -- with a particular focus on patent reform and open standards. Current projects include Patents and Diversity in Innovation and Designing Cyberinfrastructure: Emerging Frameworks and Strategies for Enabling and Controlling Knowledge. He recently co-organized Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy in collaboration with OECD, the European Commission, and the National Science Foundation. Kahin was previously founding Director of the Information Infrastructure Project at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government, and he currently serves on the board of the Public Patent Foundation and European Policy for Intellectual Property and on the advisory board of the Foundation for Free Information Infrastructure. Mr. Kahin is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School.
     
David J. Kappos is the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Prior to this post, Mr. Kappos was the Vice President and Assistant General Counsel of intellectual property law for IBM Corporation. He joined IBM in 1983 as a development engineer, and has served in a variety of roles before taking his last position at IBM as Chief IP Lawyer. He has served on the Board of Directors of the American Intellectual Property Law Association, the Intellectual Property Owners Association, and the International Intellectual Property Society. Mr. Kappos has held various leadership positions in intellectual property law associations in Asia and the U.S., and has spoken widely in Asia, Europe, and the U.S. on IP topics. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in electrical and computer engineering from U.C. Davis, and his Juris Doctorate from U.C. Berkeley.
           
Anne Layne-Farrar is a director for the consulting firm LECG. She specializes in antitrust and intellectual property mattters, especially where the two issues are combined. She advises clients on competition, intellectual property, regulation, and policy issues across a broad range of industries, with a particular focus on high-tech. Her client list includes some of the largest information technology, communications, and pharmaceuticals companies in the world. She has published articles in Antitrust, Global Competition Review, and Regulation Magazine, and has numerous publications in academic journals, including Antitrust Law Journal, Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, and Journal of Competition Law and Economics. Ms. Lyne-Farrar received her B.A. in economics with honors from Indiana University - Bloomington, her master’s and her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago.
     
Alan C. Marco is an associate professor of economics in the Williams School of Commerce at Washington and Lee University. He is currently on leave as an expert adviser with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. His research focus is primarily on uncertainty in intellectual property rights, including measuring the magnitude of uncertainty and court errors as well as analyzing the consequences of uncertainty on firm strategy, product market performance, and incentives for consolidation. His recent work focuses on the consequences of regulatory delay in the patent prosecution process, and the implicit trade-offs between patent policy and competition policy. Mr. Marco received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley with fields in industrial organization and law & economics. 
           
Keith Maskus is Professor of Economics and Associate Dean for Social Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He has been a Lead Economist in the Development Research Group at the World Bank. He is also a Research Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, a Fellow at the Kiel Institute for World Economics, and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Adelaide. Mr. Maskus serves as a consultant as well for the World Bank, the World Health Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization, and the International Task Force on Global Public Goods. His current research focuses on the international economic aspects of protecting intellectual property rights, with particular emphasis on empirical models of trade and foreign direct investment. Mr. Maskus holds several degrees, including a B.A. in Economics and Mathematics from Knox College, a M.A. in Economics from the University of Michigan, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan as well. 
     
Preston McAfee is Vice President and Research Fellow at Yahoo! Research in Burbank, CA, where he leads a group focused on microeconomics research. From 2004-2007, R. Preston McAfee was the J. Stanley Johnson Professor of Business, Economics and Management at the California Institute of Technology. Mr. McAfee is an authority on industrial organization, and has served as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Divison, and the Federal Trade Commission. He has advised on matters concerning mergers, collusion, price-fixing, electricity pricing, bidding, procurement, sales of government property.  Mr. McAfee is the author of over 70 articles published in scholarly economics journals, and was one of four coeditors of the American Economic Review for ten years, and is an associate editor of Theoretical Economics, a new open access journal. He is also a Fellow of the Econometric Society. Mr. McAfee earned his B.A. in Economics from the University of Florida, and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Economics from Purdue University. 
        
Peter Menell is Professor of Law at University of California, Berkeley’s Boalt School of Law, and the Co-Founder and a current Director of the Berkeley Center of Law and Technology. He has clerked for Judge Jon O. Newman of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. Menell has visited at the Georgetown University Law Center, Harvard Law School, and Stanford Law School; taught an annual course on U.S. intellectual property law at the ETH (Zurich) since 1997; and organized more than two dozen intellectual property education programs for the Federal Judicial Center since 1998. He has written extensively on IP, property law, copyright liability, and the patent system. Mr. Menell earned his B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his J.D. from Harvard Law School, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Stanford University. 
        
Robert P. Merges is a Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati Professor of Law and Technology at the Boalt School of Law at University of California, Berkeley, and serves as a director for the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. Before joining the Boalt faculty in 1995, Robert Merges was a faculty member at Boston University School of Law and served as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School. He has published extensively for books and journals on the subjects such as intellectual property rights, licensing, and software and internet law, In addition to teaching and research projects, Merges also serves as a special consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, and is a member of the Department's Task Force on Intellectual Property. Mr. Merges received his B.S. from Carnegie Mellon University, his J.D. from Yale University, and his LL.M and J.S.D. from Columbia University. 
       
Petra Moser is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Stanford University. She has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an Assistant Professor of Strategy at the Sloan School of Management. She is currently a Faculty Research Fellow for the National Bureau of Economic Research since 2003, and was a National Fellow for the Hoover Institution from 2005 to 2006.  Her papers touch on topics such as the economics of innovation and economic history. Ms. Moser studied economics, political science, and law at the University of Tubingen in Germany, and did graduate work in Economics at the University of Missouri at Columbia as a Fulbright Scholar. She earned an M.A. in International Relations with a concentration in Economics and History from Yale University, and a Ph.D. in Economics from U.C. Berkeley.   
        
Bernard Munos is a retired Advisor of Corporate Strategy at Eli Lilly & Co., where he helped formulate new approaches to drug R&D. His main research interests are the dynamics of breakthrough innovation, the radical redesign of the pharmaceutical business model, and university-industry collaboration. Findings from his research have been published in Nature and Science, and have been cited in numerous books and publications. He has been a guest speaker at events sponsored by the National Academies, the Institute of Medicine, The Kauffman Foundation, the OECD, Genome Canada, the American Chemical Society, and leading universities in the US and Europe. Mr. Munos received his M.B.A. from Stanford University, and holds other graduate degrees in economics and animal science from the University of California at Davis, and the Institut National Agronomique in Paris, France
           
Venay K. Puri works in the Office of Chief Economist at the United States Patent and Trademark Office.  His primary focus is to define the technical aspects of the strategic initiatives of the chief economist.  Prior to the USPTO, Mr. Puri served as a management consultant on regulatory and compliance projects at Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs. Currently, Mr. Puri is a graduate student in the LL.M. in Intellectual Property at the George Washington University Law School.  Mr. Puri has been recognized for excellence in academic achievement, including "Distinguished Bankruptcy Law Student, Third Circuit," American College of Bankruptcy (2007), "Gerald K. Gibson Award for Bankruptcy," ACBA (2006) and "Medal of Excellence," American Bankruptcy Institute, 2006. He received his M.B.A from Carnegie Mellon University, J.D. from University of Pittsburgh, and B.Eng. from Cornell University in Operations Research and Industrial Engineering.
             
Pamela Samelson is Professor of Law at the Boalt School of Law at University of California in Berkeley. She also serves as Professor of Information Management and Director for the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology. Pamela Samuelson is recognized as a pioneer in digital copyright law, intellectual property, cyberlaw and information policy. She serves on the board of directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and on advisory boards for the Electronic Privacy Information Center, Public Knowledge, and the Berkeley Center for New Media. Ms. Samuelson began her career as an associate with Willkie Farr & Gallagher's New York. While on the Berkeley faculty, she has been a distinguished visiting professor at University of Toronto Law School as well as a visiting professor at University of Melbourne and Harvard Law School. She was named an honorary professor at the University of Amsterdam in 2002. Ms. Samuelson earned her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from University of Hawaii, and her Juris Doctorate from Yale University. 
        
Suzanne Scotchmer is Professor Economics, Law and Public Policy at the University of California, Berkeley, and is a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is currently a member of the 2010 program committee of the American Economic Association, and has been a scholar in residence at the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. She also serves as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division from time to time on antitrust matters. Her main academic interests at the moment are the economics, policy, and law of innovation, including intellectual property. She also maintains an interest in economic theory and game theory, in which she has also published widely. She has been taught at several universities, including Harvard University, U.C.L.A, Moscow’s New School of Economics, and many more. Ms. Scotchmer graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Washington, and has a M.A. in Statistics and a Ph.D. in Economics from U.C. Berkeley. 
            
Brian Wright is Professor in the Agricultural and Resource Economics Department in University of California, Berkeley. Prior to his current post at U.C. Berkeley, he was Assistant and Associate Professor in the Economics Department at Yale University. At these two institutions he has taught a range of subjects, including microeconomics, public finance, economic development, modeling of energy and natural resources, and agricultural economics and policy. Mr. Wright's expert witness work includes cases involving land condemnation (taking), antitrust, patent infringement, patent licensing, age discrimination and the valuation of foregone income and pension rights, in venues including federal courts, the California State court, and the New Zealand High Court. He has also researched other cases involving commodity market manipulation, and allegations of dumping of electronics imports. He has served as a consultant or advisor to the World Bank, the Department of Commerce, the Agency for International Development, the International Food Policy Research Institute, the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, the Commonwealth Caribbean Community, EMBRAPA (Brazil), and private consulting firms. Mr. Wright received his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard University.