April 23 - 27, 2012
Professor Daniel L. Rubinfeld
University of California, Berkeley School of Law

Course Outline

Items marked with an asterisk (*) are not required reading and not for distribution.


Monday, April 23
10.30-12.00 Introduction - Market Definition 

“2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines,” DOJ/FTC

Daniel Rubinfeld, “Market Definition,” Notes.

*EU Guidelines on the Assessment of Horizontal Mergers, (

*Daniel L. Rubinfeld, “Market Definition with Differentiated Products: The Post-Nabisco Cereal Merger,” Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 68, No. 1, 2000, pp.163-182.

14.00-15.30 Market and Monopoly Power

Thomas Krattenmaker, Robert Lande & Steven Salop, "Monopoly Power and Market Power in Antitrust Law," 76 Georgetown Law Journal, 1987, pp. 241-269.

*Jonathan B. Baker and Daniel L. Rubinfeld, "Empirical Methods in Antitrust Litigation: Review and Critique," 1 American Law and Economics Review, 1999, pp. 386-405.


Tuesday, April 24
08.30-10.00 Unilateral Effects Analysis - Differentiated Products Mergers

Serdar Dalkir and Frederick R. Warren-Boulton, “Prices, Market Definition, and the Effects of Merger: Staples-Office Depot (1997),” in Kwoka and White, The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition, pp. 52-72.

*Ivaldi, et. al, “The Economics of Unilateral Effects,” pp. 3-26, Interim Report for DG Competition, November 2003 [Available at

10.30-12.00 Tacit Collusion and Coordinated Effects 

Severin Borenstein, "Rapid Price Communication and Coordination: The Airline Tariff Publishing Case (1994)," in Kwoka & White, The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition, pp.310-326.

John M. Connor, "Global Cartels Redux: The Lysine Antitrust Litigation (1996)," in Kwoka and White, 5th Edition, pp. 300-328.

*Ivalidi, et. al, “The Economics of Tacit Collusion,” Final Report for DG Competition, European Commission, March 2003, pp.4-57.


Wednesday, April 25
08.30-10.00 Refusals to Deal, Essential Facilities

Jeffrey K. MacKie-Mason and John Metzler, “Links between Markets and Aftermarkets: Kodak (1997)," in Kwoka & White, The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition, pp. 558-583.

Dennis W. Carlton, "A General Analysis of Exclusionary Conduct and Refusals to Deal - Why Aspen and Kodak are Misguided," Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2001, pp. 659-683.

10.30-12.00 Monopolization and Standard Setting

Daniel L. Rubinfeld, "Maintenance of Monopoly: U.S. v. Microsoft (2001)," in Kwoka & White, The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition, pp. 530-557.

Suzanne Michel, “Bargaining for Rand Royalties in the Shadow of Patent Remedies Law,” Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 77, Issue 3, 2011, pp. 889-911.


Thursday, April 26 
08.30-10.00 Bundling and Predatory Pricing

Gary L. Roberts, “The Use of Bundled Rebates by a Dominant Firm: LePage's Inc. v. 3M (2003)," in Kwoka & White, The Antitrust Revolution, 5th Edition, pp. 276-299.

Daniel L. Rubinfeld, “3M's Bundled Rebates: An Economic Perspective,” 72 Chicago Law Review, 2005, pp. 1-22.

*Aaron S. Edlin and Daniel L. Rubinfeld, “Exclusion or Efficient Pricing? The ‘Big Deal’ Bundling of Academic Journals,” Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 72, No. 1, 2004, pp. 119-157.

10.30-12.00 Two-Sided Markets

James D. Ratliff and Daniel L. Rubinfeld, “Online Advertising: Defining Relevant Markets,” Journal of Competition Law & Economics, August 7, 2010, pp.1-34.

*David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee, “The Industrial Organization of Markets with Two-Sided Platforms,” Competition Policy International, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 2007.


Friday, April 27
08.30-10.00 Student Presentations

10.30-12.00 Student Presentations -- Closing

** Pictures at Gerzensee updated 6/25/2012**