Seminar Calendar

The Dilemmas of Judicial Power in Comparative Perspective
An Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Sawyer Seminar
at the Center for the Study of Law and Society, University of California, Berkeley
2007-2008

Schedule of Invited Speakers

Date

Guest speaker

Topic

Readings

Thursday, Sept 6, 2007, 3–6pm Graduate Seminar Meets – No Guest Speakers
Tuesday, Sept 1,  2007, 5–7pm Graduate Seminar Meets – No Guest Speakers
Tuesday, Sept 18, 2007, 5-7pm Martin Shapiro, The University of California, Berkeley Initial Thoughts and Provocations (I) Week 3
Thursday, Sept 20, 2007, 4-6pm Dan FarberThe University of California Initial Thoughts and Provocations (II) Week 4
Thursday, Oct 11, 2007, 3-6pm Gordon Silverstein, The University of California, Berkeley Singapore, Hong Kong and, therefore, China Week 5
Thursday, Oct 18, 2007. 3–6pm N.J.H. (Nick) Huls, Erasmus University
& University of Leiden More Info
The Netherlands Week 6
Thursday, Oct 25, 2007, 3–6pm Heinz Klug, The University of Wisconsin South Africa Week 7
Thursday, Nov 1, 2007, 3–6pm Pasquale Pasquino, New York University Italy and the European Union Week 8
Thursday, Nov 8, 2007, 3–6pm Alexei Trochev, Queens University Former Soviet Republics and Eastern Europe Week 9
Thursday, Nov 15, 2007, 3–6pm Amnon Reichman, University of Haifa / Boalt Hall Israel Week 10
Thursday, Nov 29, 2007, 3–6pm Tom Ginsburg, The University of Illinois Northern Asia Week 11

Spring 2008

Thursday Jan 24, 3-6pm Mark Graber, The University of Maryland The United States Week 1
Thursday, Jan 31, 3–7 pm Gary Jacobsohn, The University of Texas, Austin
Manoj Mate, The University of California, Berkeley
India Week 2
Thursday, Feb 7, 3–6pm Mitchel Lasser, Cornell University France and the EU Week 3
Thursday, Feb 14, 3–6pm Druscilla Scribner, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh
Beatriz Magaloni, Stanford University
Chile and Argentina
Mexico
Week 4
Thursday, Feb 21, 3-6pm Jennifer Widner, Princeton University  Africa Week 5
Thursday, Feb 28, 3-6pm Carlo Guarnieri, University of Bologna.  Italy and Europe Week 6
Thursday, Mar 6, 3–6pm Alec Stone Sweet, Yale University Theories, Comments and Provocations Week 7
Thursday, Mar 13, 3-6 pm. Terrence Halliday, American Bar Foundation. Theories, Comments and Provocations
Thursday, Apr 3, 3–6pm John Ferejohn, Stanford University and NYU University Theories, Comments and Provocations
Thursday, Apr 10, 3–6pm Ran Hirschl, The University of Toronto Theories, Comments and Provocations
Thursday, April 17, 3–6pm Lee Epstein, Northwestern University Theories, Comments and Provocations
Wednesday, May 7, 12:30pm Kim Lane Scheppele, Princeton University Theories, Comments and Provocations
 Thursday, May 8, 2:30-4:30pm
Dean's Seminar Room, Boalt Hall
 Robert Post, Yale Law School Theories, Comments and Provocations

Readings

Fall Semester

Week 3:
- Martin Shapiro, Courts, Chapter 1
- Martin Shapiro, “The Globalization of Law”
- Martin Shapiro, “The Success of Judicial Review and Democracy.” In Martin Shapiro and Alec Stone Sweet, On Law, Politics and Judicialization. Oxford University Press, 2002. p 149-184.

Week 4:
- Farber, Judicial Review and Its Alternatives: An American Tale, 38 Wake Forest L. Rev. 415 (2003).
- Farber, Rights as Signals, 31 Journal of Legal Studies 83 (2002).

Week 5:
- Kanishka Jayasuriya, “The Rule of Law and Capitalism in East Asia.” The Pacific Review, Vol. 9 No. 3 1996: 367-88
- Lee Kuan Yew,  Speech at the Opening of the Singapore Law Academy by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. August 31, 1990.
- S.R. Nathan, “Singapore: The System Works.” Washington Post, September 20, 1995 p A-19.
- Randall Peerenboom “Varieties of Rule of Law: An Introduction and Provisional Conclusion. in Randall Peerenboom (ed)  Asian Discourses of Rule of Law. London: Routledge, 2004.
- Gordon Silverstein, “Globalization and the Rule of Law: “A Machine That Runs of Itself?” 2003 Int. J. Con. Law 1, 2003. p 405-426.
- Gordon Silverstein “Singapore: The Exception that Proves Rules Matter,” in Rule By Law: The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes, edited by Tom Ginsburg and Tamir Moustafa (Cambridge University Press – Forthcoming 2008).
- Kevin Y.L. Tan, “The Role of Public Law in a Developing Asia.” 2004 Sing J. Legal Stud. 265.
- Fareed Zakaria,  “A Conversation with Lee Kuan Yew.” Foreign Affairs, March/April 1994.
- Zakaria, Fareed. 1997. “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy,” Foreign Affairs, Nov/Dec 1997.

Suggested additional reading:

- Seow, Francis. 2006. Beyond Suspicion? The Singapore Judiciary (Southeast Asia Studies Monograph Series)
- Lee Kuan Yew. 2000. From Third World to First: The Singapore Story – 1965-2000. NY: HarperCollins.
- Rodan, Garry. 1998. "The Internet and Political Control in Singapore," Political Science Quarterly 113 (Spring 1998)
- Thio Li-ann. 2004. “Rule of Law Within a Non-Liberal ‘Communitarian” democracy: The Singapore Experience.” in Randall Peerenboom (ed), Asian Discourses of Rule of Law: Theories and Implementation of Rule of Law in Twelve Asian Countries, France and the U.S. London: Routledge.
- Carol Jones, “Politics Postponed: Law as a Substitute for Politics in Hong Kong and China.” in Jayasuriya, Kanishka (ed). 1999. Law, Capitalism and Power in Asia: The Rule of Law and Legal Instituitons. New York: Routledge, p 45-69.

Week 6:
- Tim Koopmans, Courts and Political Institutions: A Comparative View. Cambridge University Press, 2003
- Martin Shapiro and Alec Stone Sweet, On Law, Politics, and Judicialization, Oxford University Press. 1993.

Week 7:
- Klug, Heinz, “South Africa: From constitutional promise to social transformation” in Constitutional Interpretation: A comparative and theoretical study (Jeff Goldsworthy ed.) Oxford University Press (2006).
- Klug, Heinz, Recent South African Constitutional History, in Constitutional Law of South Africa (ed. Chaskalson et. al., 1996) Juta, Kenwyn, Cape Town.
- Langa, Pius, Chief Justice of South Africa, The Separation of Powers in the South African Constitution, 22 South African Journal of Human Rights 1, 2006.
- Ex parte Chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly: In re Certification of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, 1996 (4) SA 744 (CC).
- Ex parte Chairperson of the Constitutional Assembly: In re Certification of the Amended Text of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, 1997 (2) SA 97 (CC).

Suggested additional reading

- S v. Makwanyane and Another 1995 (3) S.A. 391 (CC); 1995 BCLR 665 (CC).
- Heinz Klug, Constituting Democracy: Law, Globalism and South Africa’s Political Reconstruction, Cambridge University Press (2000).

Week 8:
- John Ferejohn and Pasquale Pasquino, “Constitutional Adjudication: Lessons from Europe” 82 Texas Law Review 1671, 2004.
- John Ferejohn and Paquale Pasquino, “Deliberative Institutions,” manuscript.
- Pasquale Pasquino, “Lenient legislation: The Italian Constitutional Court” (manuscript draft) June 1999.
- Pasquale Pasquino, “Constitutional Adjudication and Democracy: Comparative Perspectives – USA, France and Italy,” 11 Ratio Juris 1, 38-50, 1998
- Italian Constitutional Court self-description:
                http://www.cortecostituzionale.it/eng/lacortecostituzionale/cosaelacorte/cosaelacorte.asp

Week 9:
- Alexei Trochev, Less Democracy, More Courts: A Puzzle of Judicial Review in Russia, Law & Society Review, Volume 38, Number 3 (September 2004), pp. 513-548
- William Burnham & Alexei Trochev, Russia¢s War Between the Courts: The Struggle over the Jurisdictional Boundary between the Constitutional Court and Regular Courts, American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 55 (2007), pp. 381-452
- Kim Lane Scheppele, "Democracy by Judiciary (Or Why Courts Can Sometimes Be More Democratic than Parliaments)." In Wojciech Sadurski, Martin Krygier and Adam Czarnota (eds.), Rethinking the Rule of Law in Post-Communist Europe: Past Legacies, Institutional Innovations, and Constitutional Discourses (Central European University Press, 2005).
- Venelin I. Ganev, The Bulgarian Constitutional Court, 1991-1997: A Success Story in Context Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 55, No. 4 (June 2003), pp. 597-611

Week 10:
- Daphne Barak-Erez, “The an Unwritten to a Written Constitution: The Israeli Challenge in American Perspective,” 26 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 309 (1995).
- Yoseph M. Edrey, “The Israeli Constitutional Revolution/ Evolution, Models of Constitutions, and a Lesson from Mistakes and Achievements,” 53 American Journal of Comparative Law 77 (2005).
- Gary Jacobsohn, “After the Revolution,” 34 Israeli Law Review 139 (2000).
- Michael Mandel, “Democracy and the New Constitutionalism in Israel” 33 Israel Law Review 259 (1999)
- Aharon Barak, “Human Rights in Israel” 39 Israel Law Review 12 (2006)
- Israel Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty
- Israel Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation (1992)
- Israel Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation (1994)

Week 11:
- Tom Ginsburg, Judicial Review in New Democracies: Constitutional Courts in Asian Democracies (Cambridge 2003).


Spring Semester

Week 1
- Alec Stone Sweet and Martin Shapiro, "Abstract and Concrete Review in the United States," from Shapiro and Stone Sweet, On Law, Politics and Judicialization, Oxford University Press, 2002, p 347-375
- Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803).
- Mark A. Graber, "Constructing Judicial Review," 8 Annual Review of Political Science 445 (2005)
- Mark A. Graber, Establishing Judicial Review: Marbury and the judiciary Act of 1789, 38 Tulsa L. Rev. 609 (2003).
- Howard Gillman, How Political Parties Can Use the Courts to Advance their Agendas: Federal Courts in the United States, 1875-1891, 96 Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. 511 (2002).
- Keith E. Whittington, "Interpose Your Friendly Hand": Political Supports for the Exercise of Judicial Review by the United States Supreme Court, 99 Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. 583 (2005).

Recommended:
- Keith Whittington's new book, The Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy (Princeton University Press, 2006)
- Ran Hirschl. Toward Juristocracy (Harvard University Press, 2004).

Week 2
- Gary Jacobsohn, The Wheel of Law: India's Secularism in Comparative Constitutional Context, (Princeton, 2003), chapters 2, 4, 5
- G Austin, Working a Democratic Constitution: The Indian Experience, (Oxford, 1999), chapters 10, 11
- S. Sathe, Judicial Activism in India: Transgressing Borders and Enforcing Rights (Oxford, 2002), chapters 2, 4, 6.

Week 3
- Mitchell Lasser, Judicial Deliberations: A Comparative Analysis of Judicial Transparency and Legitimacy (Oxford University Press, 2004), Chapters 2, 6, 10 and 11.
- An excerpt of a Chapter from my Mitchell Lasser, work-in-progress
- Vermeulen v. Belgium (ECHR, 1996)
- Emesa Sugar Order (ECJ 2000)
- Martinie v. France (ECHR 2006)

Recommended:
- Walter Mattli and Anne-Marie Slaughter, "The Role of National Courts in the Process of European Integration: Accounting for Judicial Preferences and Constraints," in Anne-Marie Slaughter, Alec Stone Sweet and Joseph HH Weiler (eds), The European Courts and National Courts: Doctrine and Jurisprudence (Hart Publishing, 1998) pgs. 253-273
- Karen Alter, "Explaining National Court Acceptance of European Court Jurisprudence," in Anne-Marie Slaughter, Alec Stone Sweet and Joseph HH Weiler (eds), The European Courts and National Courts: Doctrine and Jurisprudence (Hart Publishing, 1998). pgs 227-234.
- Joseph HH Weiler, The Constitution of Europe: 'Do the New Clothes Have an Emperor?' and Other Essays on European Integration. "Introduction: We Will Do, and Harken" (p 3-10) and "The Transformation of Europe," p 10-102.

Week 4
- Mitchell Lasser, Judicial Deliberations: A Comparative Analysis of Judicial Transparency and Legitimacy (Oxford University Press, 2004), Chapters 2, 6, 10 and 11.
- Javier A. Couso, "The Judicialization of Chilean Politics: The Rights Revolution That Never Was." in The Judicialization of Politics in Latin America, Rachel Sieder, Line Schjolden, and Alan Angell (eds) . Palgrave (2005)
- Elisabeth Hilbink, "An Exception to Chilean Exceptionalism?" Pp. 64-97 in *What Justice? Whose Justice?: Fighting for Fairness in Latin America*, Susan E. Eckstein and Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley (eds), University of California Press (2003).
- Gretchen Helmke, "The Logic of Strategic Defection: Court-Executive Relations in Argentina Under Dictatorship and Democracy." 96 American Political Science Review 2, p 291-303 (2002).
- "Authoritarianism, Democracy and the Supreme Court: Horizontal Exchange and the Rule of Law in Mexico" in Scott
Mainwaring and Christopher Welna (eds) Democratic Accountability in Latin America. Oxford University Press (2003).
- Beatriz Magaloni and Arianna Sanchez "The New Mexican Supreme Court in the Emerging Democracy."
- Beatriz Magaloni (forthcoming) "Enforcing the Autocratic political Order and the Role of Courts: The Case of Mexico" in Tom Ginsburg and Tamir Moustafa Rule by Law: The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Recommended:
- Rebecca Chavez, "The Construction of the Rule of Law in Argentina: A Tale of Two Provinces." 35 Comparative Politics 4, p 417-37 (2003)
- Christopher M. Larkins, "The Judiciary and Delegative Democracy in Argentina." 30 Comparative Politics 423-43 (1998).
- Keith Rosenn, "The Protection of Judicial Independence in Latin America." 19 Inter-American Law Review 1 (1987).

Week 5
- Jennifer Widner, Building the Rule of Law. WW Norton, 2001. Introduction and chapters 10-13; 15-16 and chapter 19.
- Jennifer Widner, "How Some Reflections on the United States Experience May Inform Africa Efforts to Build Court Systems and the Rule of Law," in Siri Gloppen (ed), Democratization and the Judiciary. Cass, 2004.

Week 6

- Lisa Hilbink, "Politicizing Law to Liberalize Politics: Anti-Francoist Judges and Prosecutors in Spain's Democratic Transition," Hart Publishing, in Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, Halliday, Karpik and Feeley (eds), 2007.
- Carlo Guarnieri, Lawyers and Statist Liberalism in Italy, in Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, Halliday, Karpik and Feeley (eds), 2007.
- Javier Couso, When the Political Complex Takes The Lead in Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, Halliday, Karpik and Feeley (eds), 2007.
- Rogelio Perdomo, Lawyers and Political Liberalism in Venezuela, Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, Halliday, Karpik and Feeley (eds), 2007.

Week 7

- Alec Stone Sweet, "Judicialization and the Construction of Governance", In Martin Shapiro and Alec Stone Sweet, On Law, Politics and Judicialization. Oxford University Press, 2002. p 55
- Alec Stone Sweet, Governing With Judges, Oxford University Press, 2000, Chs 3-4.
- Alec Stone Sweet, "The Free Movement of Goods" (with Margaret McCown) in The Judicial Construction of Europe, Oxford University Press, 2004, Ch. 3.


For more information on the Seminar, and to join the seminar website as a participant, please contact Beth Neitzel at bneitzel@berkeley.edu